Johann Friedrich Gmelin

Johann Friedrich Gmelin

Infobox Scientist
box_width = 300px
name = J. F. Gmelin


image_size = 200px
caption = Johann Friedrich Gmelin (1748-1804)
birth_date = birth date|1748|8|8|mf=y
birth_place = Tübingen, Germany
death_date = death date and age|1804|11|1|1748|8|8|mf=y
death_place = Göttingen, Germany
residence = Germany
citizenship =
nationality = German
ethnicity =
fields = nowrap|Naturalist, botanist and entomologist
workplaces = University of Göttingen
University of Tübingen
alma_mater = University of Tübingen
doctoral_advisor = Philipp Friedrich GmelinFact|date=September 2008
Ferdinand Christoph Oetinger
academic_advisors =
doctoral_students = Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt
Friedrich Stromeyer
Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer
Wilhelm August Lampadius
notable_students =
known_for = Textbooks
author_abbrev_bot = J.F.Gmel.
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
awards =
religion =


footnotes = He was the the eldest son of Philipp Friedrich Gmelin and the father of Leopold Gmelin.

Johann Friedrich Gmelin (August 8, 1748November 1, 1804) was a German naturalist, botanist and entomologist.

Background

Johann Friedrich Gmelin was born as the eldest son of Philipp Friedrich Gmelin in 1748 in Tübingen. He studied medicine at University of Tübingen and graduated with an M.D. in 1769. He became an adjunct professor of medicine at University of Tübingen. In 1773 he became professor of philosophy and adjunct professor of medicine at University of Göttingen. He was promoted to full professor of medicine and professor of chemistry, botany and mineralogy in 1778. He died in 1804 in Göttingen.

Johann Friedrich Gmelin published several textbooks in the fields of chemistry, pharmaceutical science, mineralogy and botany. He also published the 13th edition of "Systema Naturae" by Carolus Linnaeus in 1788.

Legacy

The Artemisia plant "Gmelin's Wormwood" or "Artemisia gmelinii" is named after him.

Among his students were Georg Friedrich Hildebrandt, Carl Friedrich Kielmeyer, Friedrich Stromeyer and Wilhelm August Lampadius. He was the father of Leopold Gmelin.

Publications

*
* "Allgemeine Geschichte der Gifte", Two Volumes, 1776/1777
* "Allgemeine Geschichte der Pflanzengifte", 1777
* "Allgemeine Geschichte der mineralischen Gif"te, 1777
* "Einleitung in die Chemie", 1780
* "Beyträge zur Geschichte des teutschen Bergbaus", 1783
* "Ueber die neuere Entdeckungen in der Lehre von der Luft, und deren Anwendung auf Arzneikunst", 1784
* "Grundsätze der technischen Chemie", 1786
* "Grundriß der Pharmazie", 1792
* "Geschichte der Chem"ie, 1799
* "Allgemeine Geschichte der thierischen und mineralischen Gifte", 1806

References

* Vane-Wright, R. I., 1975. The butterflies named by J. F. Gmelin (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera)."Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History),Entomology", 32: 17-64.

External links

* [http://www.scs.uiuc.edu/~mainzv/Web_Genealogy/Info/gmelinjf.pdf Gmelin's chemical genealogy]
* [http://www.genealogy.ams.org/id.php?id=76485 Gmelin's math genealogy]
*
* [http://mdz10.bib-bvb.de/~db/bsb00008367/images/index.html?seite=272 Gmelin biography]
*

Persondata
NAME= Gmelin, J. F.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Gmelin, Johann Friedrich
SHORT DESCRIPTION= German naturalist, botanist and entomologist
DATE OF BIRTH= August 8, 1748
PLACE OF BIRTH= Germany
DATE OF DEATH= November 1, 1804
PLACE OF DEATH= Germany


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