- Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, also Commission on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, and CCAMLR, is part of the Antarctic Treaty System. The Convention was opened for signature on 1 August 1980 and entered into force on 7 April 1982 by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, headquartered in Tasmania, Australia. The goal is to preserve marine life and environmental integrity in and near Antarctica.
It was established in large part to concerns that an increase in krill catches in the Southern Ocean could have a serious impact on populations of other marine life which are dependent upon krill for food. 31 nations were signatory parties on the convention, they include: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cook Islands, EU, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, and Vanuatu. 
In 1985, CCAMLR set up the Ecosystem Monitoring Programme (CEMP) to further monitor the effects of fishing and harvesting of species in the area.
- ^ "Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources". ccamlr.org. 2011. http://www.ccamlr.org/. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
- ^ http://www.ccamlr.org/pu/E/ms/contacts.htm
- CIA World Factbook 2003 edition
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