- Association of Comics Magazine Publishers
The Association of Comics Magazine Publishers (ACMP) was an American
industry trade groupformed July 1, 1948to regulate the content of comic booksin the face of increasing public criticism. Founding members included publishers Leverett Gleason of Lev Gleason Publications, Bill Gainesof EC Comics, Harold Moore (publisher of "Famous Funnies") and Rae Herman of Orbit Publications. Henry Schultz served as executive director.
The ACMP was formed after a storm of criticism broke out around comic books, reflected in city ordinances banning some publications and the charges brought by child psychologist
Fredric Werthamin his 1948 articles in " Collier's Weekly" ("Horror in the Nursery") and the "American Journal of Psychotherapy"(“The Psychopathology of Comic Books”) that comic books were "abnormally sexually aggressive" and led to crime. In December, "Time" reported a public comic book burning in Binghamton, New York( [http://www.psu.edu/dept/inart10_110/inart10/cmbk4cca.html] ).
In 1948, the association released their "Publishers Code," drawing on the Hollywood
Production Code(better known as the "Hays Code"), which had also been drafted to stave off external regulation. Like the Production Code, it forbid portrayals of crime that might "throw sympathy against the law" or "weaken respect for established authority," and prohibited "ridicule or attack on any religious or racial group." "Sexy, wanton comics" were not to be published, and divorcewas not to be "treated humorously or represented as glamourous or alluring."
Comics that complied with the code were offered a "Seal of Approval." The code, however, was not a success, ignored by both large and small publishers. Some publishers, such as
Dell Comics, refused to join the organization. Others, such as founding member EC Comics, terminated their participation. Those who continued as members made use of the ACMP seal of approval without any formal process of review. Describing the situation in 1950, Director Schultz said: "The association, I would say, is out of business and so is the code." [http://class.georgiasouthern.edu/writ3030/1954SenateInterimReport.doc] Nevertheless, comics continued to be printed with the association's seal for the next few years.
1954, a mounting tide of criticism, including a new book by Wertham (" Seduction of the Innocent") and congressional hearings, spurred the formation of the ACMP's successor, the Comics Magazine Association of America(CMAA). The ACMP Publishers Code served as the template for a more detailed set of rules enforced by the CMAA's Comics Code Authority.
ACMP Publishers Code of 1948
#Sexy, wanton comics should not be published. No drawing should show a female indecently or unduly exposed, and in no event more nude than in a bathing suit commonly worn in the United States of America.
#Crime should not be presented in such a way as to throw sympathy against the law and justice or to inspire others with the desire for imitation. No comics shall show the details and methods of a crime committed by a youth. Policemen, judges, Government officials, and respected institutions should not be portrayed as stupid, ineffective, or represented in such a way to weaken respect for established authority.
#No scenes of sadistic torture should be shown.
#Vulgar and obscene language should never be used. Slang should be kept to a minimum and used only when essential to the story.
#Divorce should not be treated humorously or represented as glamorous or alluring.
#Ridicule or attack on any religious or racial group is never permissible.
* [http://www.longbox.com/info/cca.asp The 1948 Association of Comics Magazine Publishers Code]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Comics Code Authority — The Comics Code seal. The Comics Code Authority was a body created as part of the Comics Magazine Association of America, as a tool for the comics publishing industry to self regulate the content of comic books in the United States. Member… … Wikipedia
Comics in Australia — Australian comics Earliest publications 1921 Languages English … Wikipedia
Comics Factory — Industry publication Genre manga, Original English language manga, manhwa Founded 2006 Headquarters Yekaterinburg, Russia Number of locations … Wikipedia
Comics — For the entertainers known as comics , see Comedian. For the magazine format usually containing longer self contained stories, see Comic book. Yellow Kid, created by Richard F. Outcault. Comics (from the Greek κωμικός, kōmikos of or pertaining to … Wikipedia
Horror comics — is a comic book genre that flourished briefly in America during the middle 1940s and early 1950s. The genre was infamous for its gruesomely illustrated tales of ghosts and ghouls, zombies and vampires, haunted houses and graveyards, sexual… … Wikipedia
Crime comics — Cover to an issue of Crime Does Not Pay , one of the earliest crime comics This topic covers comics that fall under the c … Wikipedia
EC Comics — Entertaining Comics, more commonly known as EC Comics, was an American publisher of comic books specializing in crime fiction, horror fiction, satire, military fiction and science fiction from the 1940s through the 1950s, until censorship… … Wikipedia
1940s in comics — See also : 1930s in comics, other events of the 1940s, 1950s in comics and the list of years in comics NOTOC Publications: 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949Events1940The Justice Society of America, the first superhero team in… … Wikipedia
Dell Comics — Parent company Dell Publishing Status Defunct, 1973 Founded 1929 … Wikipedia
EC Comics — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda EC Comics era el sello editorial utilizado por la editorial estadounidense denominada Entertaining Comics ( historietas de entretenimiento , en inglés) bajo la dirección de William Gaines. Entre los años 1940s y… … Wikipedia Español