Piano Concerto No. 4 (Rubinstein)


Piano Concerto No. 4 (Rubinstein)

The Piano Concerto No. 4 in D minor, op. 70 by Anton Rubinstein is a Romantic concerto that was once highly esteemed and was in the repertoire of the Russian and Polish piano virtuosos Sergei Rachmaninoff and Jan Paderewski.

Anton Rubinstein (1829-1894), himself a renowned pianist, left five piano concertos. (He wrote three earlier piano concertos; two were lost and the third was transformed into Octet, Op. 9.) Rubinstein composed the current concerto in 1864. He published two revisions of it and then a final revision in 1872. He dedicated the concerto to the violinist Ferdinand David.

The concerto is in the traditional three movements:
*The first movement, marked "Moderato assai", is in sonata form and has a solo piano cadenza inserted at the end.
*The second movement, marked "Andante", is quintessentially romantic with lush lyrical melodies surrounding an agitated middle section.
*The third movement, marked "Allegro", is dance-like and reminiscent of a "cracovienne" ("Krakowiak"), a dance from the region of Krakow. The concerto concludes with a fiery coda.

elected discography

* Xaver Scharwenka's Piano Concerto No. 1 in B-flat minor and Anton Rubinstein's Piano Concerto No. 4 in D minor performed by Marc-André Hamelin with the BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra conducted by Michael Stern (Hyperion 67508)

ource

* Program notes by Jeremy Nicholas to Marc-André Hamelin's recording of this concerto (Hyperion 67508)


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