USS Bataan (CVL-29)


USS Bataan (CVL-29)

USS "Bataan" (CVL-29), originally planned as USS "Buffalo" (CL-99) and also classified as CV-29, was an 11,000 ton "Independence" class light aircraft carrier which was commissioned in the United States Navy during World War II.

"Buffalo" (CL-99) was reclassified CV-29 and renamed "Bataan" on 2 June 1942, reclassified CVL-29 on 15 July 1943; launched on 1 August 1943 at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation in Camden, New Jersey, sponsored by Mrs. George D. Murray, wife of Rear Admiral Murray; and commissioned on 17 November 1943, with Captain V. H. Schaeffer in command

After shakedown, she reported to the Pacific Fleet. In her initial engagement with the Japanese, "Bataan's" planes supported the attack on Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura), New Guinea, between 21 April and 24 April 1944. Following this action were strikes against Truk, Satawan, and Ponape (29 April1 May 1944); Saipan, Marianas (11 June10 August); 1st Bonins raid (15 June16 June); Battle of the Philippine Sea (19 June20 June), and the 2nd Bonins raid (24 June).

"Bataan" then returned to the United States for repairs. Repairs completed, she joined TF 58 and participated in the fleet raids in support of the Okinawa operation (17 March30 May 1945), during which her aircraft assisted in the sinking of the Japanese battleship "Yamato" on 7 April 1945 and the Japanese submarine "I-56" on 18 April 1945, in coord|26|42|N|130|38|E|. Retiring to the Philippines, "Bataan" joined the 3rd Fleet for operations against the Japanese home islands (10 July15 August). "Bataan" was assigned to Rear Admiral Gerald F. Bogan's Task Group (TG) 38.3 built around the carriers "Bataan", "Essex" (CV-9), "Ticonderoga" (CV-14), "Randolph" (CV-15), and "Monterey" (CVL-26).

"Bataan" returned to the United States, arriving at New York 17 October 1945, and was assigned to "Magic Carpet" duty. On 10 January 1946 she arrived at Philadelphia to prepare for inactivation. "Bataan" went out of commission in reserve on 11 February 1947.

"Bataan" was recommissioned on 13 May 1950 at Philadelphia. In July 1950, she stood out for San Diego, and upon arrival she loaded Air Force cargo and personnel, and departed on 16 November for Tokyo Bay. She arrived in Korean waters on 15 December, and until June 1951 her aircraft flew strikes in support of the ground forces.

"Bataan" departed for the west coast 2 June 1951 and after a brief stop at San Diego steamed to Bremerton, Washington, on 9 July for overhaul. She returned to San Diego on 20 November, and on 27 January 1952 departed for Yokosuka, Japan, and thence to Buckner Bay, Okinawa. She conducted air exercises and other training maneuvers off Okinawa until 29 April, when she sailed for Korean waters. "Bataan" continued operating between Japan and Korea throughout the summer of 1952 carrying personnel and supplies to the fighting area and launching strikes against the enemy. She left the fighting zone on 11 August for San Diego. On 27 October the carrier once again stood out for the Far East and operated off Korea until 10 May 1953, when she departed for San Diego.

She remained in the San Diego area undergoing overhaul and training until 31 July. Then she sailed via Pearl Harbor to Kobe and Yokosuka, Japan, and then back to the United States where she reported for inactivation on 26 August 1953. She went out of commission in reserve on 9 April 1954 at San Francisco, California. She was stricken from the Navy List in September 1959 and was sold for scrapping in May 1961.

"Bataan" received six battle stars for her World War II service and seven for her Korean War service.

References

*DANFS|http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/b3/bataan-i.htm

External links

* [http://www.ninesisters.com/bataan.htm USS Bataan] at Nine Sisters Light Carrier Historical Documentary Project


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