- Billboard Radio Monitor
"Billboard Radio Monitor" is a now merged weekly music trade publication that followed the
radio industryand tracked the monitoring of current songs by format, station and audience cumes. The magazine was a spinoff of Billboard magazineand was mostly available through subscription to people who work in the radio industry as well as music chart enthusiasts.
It started out as four different publications under the "Airplay Monitor" title in 1993 until they were combined in 2001 and would later change their name to "Billboard Radio Monitor" in 2003. On
July 14, 2006publication ceased and was then relaunched under the " Radio & Records" banner on August 11, 2006. The move was a result of a merger between the current "R&R" and "Radio Monitor" after VNU Media acquired "R&R" on July 6, 2006.
1993, the radio stations playlists and radio music charts were featured in Billboard. But with the addition of monitored airplay from Nielsen Broadcast Data Systemsin 1990and the fragmentation of music formats, the need for a magazine that would focus on one format would come to the forefront. That move resulted in the spinoff of Airplay Monitor, a publication that would the monitor songs or tracks being played on radio station by the number of spins, which in turn are added and tabulated to the corresponding chart the station reports to. The charts and the number of spins featured on the chart are also used to factor in the main Billboard Hot 100chart, as well as the Hot 100 Airplay, Pop 100, Pop 100 Airplay, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracksand Hot Country Singles & Tracksmusic charts.
Airplay Monitor (1993-2003)
At the start of Airplay Monitor's first issue on
January 10, 1993, the publication was available in four editions, which would last until 2001, when they were consolidated into one publication as "Airplay Monitor":
*Top 40 Airplay Monitor
**Mainstream Top 40
**Rhythmic Top 40 (originally Top 40 Rhythm-Crossover from 1993 to 1997)
**Adult Top 40
**Modern Adult (1997-2002)
*R&B Airplay Monitor
**Rap (based on playlists from both Rhythmic Top 40 and Mainstream R&B reporters)
*Rock Airplay Monitor
**Mainstream Rock (combined playlists from Active and Heritage Rock)
*Country Airplay Monitor
**Country Tracks (based on airplay)
Billboard Radio Monitor (2003-2006)
January 6, 2003, just ten years after its debut, Billboard renamed the publication "Billboard Radio Monitor". The change was to reflect to growing landscape of the radio industry as it began to incorporate more articles involving programmers, markets, formats and artists into the magazine. They also expanded the number of format airplay panels as well and in 2004became the first music trade to include satellite and audio networks in its reporting panels.
The monitored radio panels are:
*Mainstream Top 40
*Rhythmic Top 40
*Adult Top 40
*Adult R&B airplay
*Modern Rock airplay
*Active Rock airplay
*Heritage Rock airplay
*Smooth Jazz airplay
*Contemporary Christian airplay
*Christian AC airplay
*Latin Rhythm airplay
*Latin Pop airplay
*Regional Mexican airplay
The merger with Radio & Records
July 6, 2006VNU, the parent company of Billboard Radio Monitor, announced the acquisition of Radio & Records, which became a part of the Billboard Information Group a month later on August 1. R&R had been considered a rival to Billboard and BRM for more than 33 years (since 1973, the year R&R started) and like BRM also used radio airplay to determine chart activity.
In a statement on both R&R and Billboard Radio Monitor's websites:
“This acquisition is in line with VNU's strategy to further strengthen its services to the radio and record industries,” said Michael Marchesano, president and CEO of VNU Business Media and Nielsen Entertainment. “With the added resources of VNU, especially our music services, including the Billboard Information Group, Nielsen BDS, and Nielsen SoundScan, R&R will continue to grow as a vibrant brand.”
With the purchase of R&R it was announced on
July 12, 2006that their operations were integrated into R&R after the transition was completed, since both BRM and R&R's charts and radio reporting panels were identical to each other, thus resulting in Billboard Radio Monitor ceasing publication with its July 14issue. However they continued issuing weekly charts and report on radio industry news online during the turnover, as R&R started integrating their articles and columns into the Billboard Information Group.
Once the merger was completed both trades was relaunched on
August 11under the "R&R" name, which combined the features and format articles from the current "R&R" but continues to use the same BDS charts and format reporting panels that was featured in "Radio Monitor", starting with the week ending August 6. The change also ended R&R's partnership with Mediabaseafter the August 4, 2006issue.
Use In Countdown Shows
From January 9, 1993 up until its last first-run show in January 28, 1995, "
American Top 40" used the Top 40 Mainstreamchart as its main source.
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