- Preston Sturges
name = Preston Sturges
image_size = 225px
birthdate = birth date|1898|8|29|mf=y
location = Chicago,
6 Augustfy|1959 (aged 60)
New York City, New York, U.S.
birthname = Edmund Preston Biden
occupation = writer/director
yearsactive = 1928–1956
academyawards = Best Original Screenplay
The Great McGinty"
spouse = Estelle de Wolf Mudge
Eleanor Close Hutton
Louise Sargent Tevis
Anne Margaret "Sandy" Nagle
(1951–1959 "his death")
Preston Sturges (
August 29, 1898– August 6, 1959), originally Edmund Preston Biden, was a celebrated screenwriterand film directorborn in Chicago.
Sturges took the
screwball comedyformat of the 1930s to another level, writing dialogue that, heard today, is often surprisingly naturalistic, mature, and ahead of its time, despite the farcical situations. It is not uncommon for a Sturges character to deliver an exquisitely turned phrase and take an elaborate pratfall within the same scene. A love scene between Henry Fondaand Barbara Stanwyckin " The Lady Eve" was enlivened by a horse, which repeatedly poked its nose into Fonda's head.
Sturges is often credited as the first writer to direct his own script, but this is not true:
Charles Chaplin, for instance, was already writing and directing feature-length films by 1921. A few other major directors such as Frank Capraand Howard Hawksalso preceded Sturges in making the leap from writing to directing, as did less celebrated figures. However, Sturges may have been the first celebrated Hollywood screenwriter to be promoted as having made the "leap" to directing for publicity purposes. Famously, he sold the story for " The Great McGinty" to Paramount Picturesfor $1, in return for being allowed to direct the film. (The sum was quietly raised to $10 by the studio for legal reasons.)
Sturges' parents were Mary Estelle Dempsey and travelling salesman Edmund C. Biden; his maternal grandparents, Catherine Campbell Smyth and Dominick d’Este Dempsey, were immigrants from
Ireland. [cite web |url=http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~battle/celeb/sturges.htm |title=Genealogy of Edmund Preston Biden ("Preston Sturges") |publisher=RootsWeb]
When Sturges was three years old, his eccentric mother left America to pursue a singing career in
Paris, where she annulled her marriage with Preston's father. Returning to America, Dempsey met her third husband, the wealthy stockbroker Solomon Sturges, who adopted Preston in 1902. According to biographers, Solomon Sturges was "diametrically opposite to Mary and her bohemianism." His mother, ultimately known as "Mary Desti" through her fourth marriage, was famous for her friendship with Isadora Duncan, even giving her the scarf that led to Duncan's freakish death. The young Sturges would sometimes travel from country to country with Duncan's dance company. Mary Desti also carried on a romantic affair with Aleister Crowleyand collaborated with him on his magnum opus Magick (Book 4). In his memoirs Crowley described the young Sturges as "a most god-forsaken lout", and Sturges returned the favor with a vituperative mention of Crowley in his own memoirs.
As a young man, Preston Sturges bounced back and forth between Europe and the States.tcmdb name|186418] In 1916 he worked as a runner for New York stock brokers, a position he obtained through Solomon Sturges. The next year Preston enlisted in the
United States Army Air Service, and graduated as a lieutenant from Camp Dick in Texaswithout seeing action. While at camp Sturges wrote an essay titled "Three Hundred Words of Humor" which was printed in the camp newspaper, becoming his first published work. Returning from camp, Sturges picked up a managing position at the Desti Emporium in New York, a store owned by his mother's fourth husband. He spent eight years (1919-1927) there, until he married the first of his four wives, Estelle De Wolfe.
From Broadway to Hollywood
In 1928, Sturges performed on Broadway in "Hotbed", a short-lived play by
Paul Osborn, [ibdb title|10771|Hotbed] , and Sturges' first produced play, "The Guinea Pig", opened in Massachusetts. A success, Sturges moved it to Broadway the following year, a turning point in his career. [ibdb title|10820|The Guinea Pig] That same year also saw the opening of Sturges' second play, the hit "Strictly Dishonorable" [ibdb title|9432|Strictly Dishonorable] Written in just six days, the play ran for sixteen months and earned Sturges over $300,000, a staggering amount at the time. It attracted interest from Hollywood, and Sturges had done his writing for Paramount by the end of the year.
Three other Sturges stage plays were produced from 1930 to 1932, one of them a musical, but none of them were hits. [ibdb name|8190|Preston Sturges] By the end of the year, he was working more in Hollywood as a writer-for-hire, operating on short contracts, for studios Universal,
MGM, and Columbia. He also sold his original screenplay for "The Power and the Glory" (fy|1933) to Fox, where it was filmed as a vehicle for Spencer Tracy. The film told the story of a self-involved financier via a series of flashbacks and flashforwards, and was an acknowledged source of inspiration for the screenwriters of " Citizen Kane". Fox producer Jesse Laskypaid Sturges $17,500 plus a percentage of the profits, a then-unprecedented deal for a screenwriter, which instantly elevated Sturges' reputation in Hollywood – although the lucrative deal irritated as many as it impressed. Sturges later recalled, "The film made a lot of enemies. Writers at that time worked in teams, like piano movers. And my first solo script was considered a distinct menace to the profession."
For the remainder of the 1930s, Sturges operated under the strict auspices of the studio system, working on a string of scripts, some of which were shelved, sometimes with screen credit and sometimes not. While he was highly paid, earning $2500 a week, he was unhappy with the way directors were handling his dialogue. This experience built his resolve to take control of his own projects, which he finally accomplished in fy|1939 by offering to sell his screenplay for "
The Great McGinty" (written six years earlier) to Paramount for a dollar in exchange for the chance to direct it. Paramount's legal department subsequently upped the fee to $10. [http://www.prestonsturges.com/biography.html] Sturges' success quickly paved the way for similar deals for such writer-directors as Billy Wilderand John Huston. Sturges said, "It's taken me eight years to reach what I wanted. But now, if I don't run out of ideas — and I won't — we'll have some fun. There are some wonderful pictures to be made, and God willing, I will make some of them."
Sturges won the first Academy Award ever given for Writing Original Screenplay for the "McGinty" script. Perhaps more impressively, Sturges received two screenwriting Oscar nominations in the same year, for 1944's "
Hail the Conquering Hero" and " The Miracle of Morgan's Creek."
Though he had a 30-year Hollywood career, Sturges' greatest comedies were filmed in a furious 5-year burst of activity from fy|1939 to fy|1943, during which he turned out "The Great McGinty", "
Christmas in July", " The Lady Eve", " Sullivan's Travels", " The Palm Beach Story", "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" and "Hail the Conquering Hero". Half a century later, four of these films – "The Lady Eve", "Sullivan's Travels", "The Palm Beach Story" and "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" – were chosen by the American Film Instituteas being among the American Film Institute's 100 funniest American films. Their inimitable combination of sentiment and cynicism has kept them fresh for today's audiences.
Sturges' rich writing style has been described as that of "a lowbrow aristocrat, a melancholy wiseguy." His scripts were almost congenitally unable to deliver a single mood. During a tender romantic lakeside stroll in "Sullivan's Travels", a hanged corpse dangles from a tree, independent of the storyline and uncommented upon. Yet, in "Hail the Conquering Hero", the series of lies, crimes, and embarrassments all somehow bolster the film's theme of patriotism and duty.
Production on these films did not always go smoothly. "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" was literally being written by Sturges at night even as the production was being filmed in the daytime, and Sturges the screenwriter was rarely more than 10 pages ahead of the cast and crew. Despite box office success for "The Lady Eve" and "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek", conflict with Paramount's studio bosses increased. In particular, executive producer
Buddy DeSylvanever really trusted his star writer-director and was wary (and arguably, jealous) of the independence Sturges enjoyed on his projects.
One of the sources of conflict was that Sturges liked to reuse many of the same character actors in his films, thus creating what amounted to a regular troupe he could call upon within the studio system. Paramount didn't especially appreciate this, fearing that the audience would tire of repeatedly seeing the same faces in Sturges productions. But the director was adamant: " [T] hese little players who had contributed so much to my first hits had a moral right to work in my subsequent pictures." [Frankel, Mark [http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title.jsp?stid=77205&category=Articles "Hail the Conquering Hero" (TCM article)] ]
Members of Sturges' unofficial "stock company" included George Anderson,
Al Bridge, Georgia Caine, Chester Conklin, Jimmy Conlin, William Demarest, [Demarest appeared in ten films written by Sturges, eight of which he also directed: " Diamond Jim" (fy|1935), "Easy Living" (fy|1937), " The Great McGinty" (fy|1940), "Christmas in July" (fy|1940), " The Lady Eve" (fy|1941), " Sullivan's Travels" (fy|1941), " The Palm Beach Story" (fy|1942), " The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" (1944), " Hail the Conquering Hero" (fy|1944) and "The Great Moment" (1944)] Robert Dudley, Byron Foulger, Robert Greig, Harry Hayden, Esther Howard, Arthur Hoyt, J. Farrell MacDonald, George Melford, Torben Meyer, Charles R. Moore, Frank Moran, Jack Norton, Franklin Pangborn, Emory Parnell, Victor Potel, Dewey Robinson, Harry Rosenthal, Julius Tannen, Max Wagnerand Robert Warwick. In addition, Sturges re-used other actors, such as Sig Arno, Luis Alberni, Eric Blore, Porter Halland Raymond Walburn, and even stars such as Joel McCreaand Rudy Vallee, who both did three films with Sturges, and Eddie Bracken, who did two.
The prolonged clashes between Sturges and Paramount came to a head as the end of his contract approached. He had filmed "
The Great Moment" and "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" in fy|1942 and "Hail the Conquering Hero" in fy|1943, but Paramount was suffering from a surfeit of films, too many to release at one time. Indeed, some of the studio's finished movies were sold off to United Artists, who needed product to distribute. [This included a film Sturges was involved with as producer, " I Married A Witch".] The studio held onto Sturges' three films, since he was their star filmmaker at the time, but did not immediately release them. Internally, studio heads expressed serious reservations about them, as did the censors at the Hays Office. Sturges managed to get "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" released with only minor changes, but the other two films were taken out of his control and tinkered with by DeSylva. When the revamped "Hail the Conquering Hero" had a disastrous preview, Paramount allowed Sturges – who by that time had left the studio – to come back and fix the film. Sturges did some rewriting, shot some new scenes, and re-edited the film back to his original vision, all without pay.
Although he was able to rescue "Hail the Conquering Hero" from studio interference, Sturges was unable to do the same for "The Great Moment". The historical biography about the dentist who discovered the use of ether for anesthesia ended up being Sturges' only flop during this period. More significantly, it marked the onset of a downturn that Sturges never really recovered from.
Independence and decline
Sturges was a temperamental talent who fully recognized his own worth. He had also invested in entrepreneurial projects such as an engineering company and The Players, a popular restaurant and nightclub, and thus did not have the same financial worries as did most studio system employees.
Howard Hughes, who had formed a friendship with Sturges, offered to bankroll him as an independent filmmaker. In early 1944, Sturges and Hughes formed a partnership called "California Pictures". The deal represented a major pay cut for Sturges, but it established him as a writer-producer-director, the only one in Hollywood and one of only three in the world along with England's Noel Cowardand France's Rene Clair. The status led, again, to widespread admiration and envy among his Hollywood peers.
However, this career peak also marked the beginning of Sturges' professional decline. While the startup California Pictures was being created and structured, it was three years until Sturges' next release. That film, a
Harold Lloydvehicle entitled " The Sin of Harold Diddlebock" (fy|1947), for which Sturges had coaxed the silent film icon out of retirement, went over budget and far over schedule, and was poorly received when it was released. Hughes, who had promised not to interfere in the film's production, stepped in and pulled the movie from distribution in order to re-edit it. He took almost four years to tinker with the film, and Hughes' version, retitled "Mad Wednesday", which he released in fy|1950 through the studio he now owned, RKO, was no more successful than Sturges' had been.
In the meantime, California Pictures had put another film into production, "Vendetta". At Hughes' behest, Sturges had written the script as a vehicle for Hughes' protegé,
Faith Domergue. Max Ophülswas hired to direct, but after only a few days of filming, Hughes demanded that Sturges fire Ophüls and take over direction of the film. Seven weeks later, Sturges himself was fired, or quit (accounts differ). The partnership between the two iconoclasts was dissolved, having fallen apart after just one completed picture. As Sturges later recalled, "When Mr. Hughes made suggestions with which I disagreed, as he had a perfect right to do, I rejected them. When I rejected the last one, he remembered he had an option to take control of the company and he took over. So I left."
Coming on the heels of the failure of "The Great Moment", these further flops, disappointments and setbacks served to tarnish the once stellar reputation of the golden boy of Hollywood.
Sturges was left professionally adrift. Accepting an offer from
Darryl Zanuck, he landed at Fox where he wrote, directed, and produced two films. The first of these, " Unfaithfully Yours" (fy|1948), was not well received upon release by either reviewers or the public, though its critical reputation has since improved. However, his second Fox film, "The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend" (fy|1949), was the first serious flop in star Betty Grable's career, and Sturges was again on his own. He built a theater at his Players restaurant, but the project did not pan out.
Over the next several years, Sturges continued to write, but many of the projects were underfunded or stillborn, and those that emerged did not approach the same success as his earlier triumphs. His 1951 Broadway musical, "Make a Wish", underwent extensive rewriting by
Abe Burrowsand ran for only a few months. [ibdb title|1939|Make A Wish] His next Broadway project, " Carnival in Flanders", a musical which Sturges wrote and directed in 1953, closed after six performances. [ibdb title|2238|Carnival in Flanders]
Sturges was having no better luck in Hollywood, where his clout was gone.
Katharine Hepburn, who had starred in the 1952 Broadway production of the George Bernard Shawplay, " The Millionairess" [ibdb title|2344|The Millionairess] , got Sturges to agree to adapt the script and direct. But she could not get a single Hollywood studio to back the project.
A 1953 lien by the
Internal Revenue Service, with whom he'd been having tax problems, cost Sturges the Players and other assets. Sturges put a brave public face on the situation, writing, "I had so very much for so very long, it is quite natural for the pendulum to swing the other way for a while, and I really cannot and will not complain." However, his drinking became heavy, and his marriage and many of his relationships continued to deteriorate.
Sturges began spending more time in Europe, as he had as a young man. His last directorial effort took place there when he wrote and directed "Les Carnets du Major Thompson", an adaptation of a popular French novel. The film was released in France in fy|1955 and two years later in the U.S., under the title "
The French, They Are a Funny Race". It failed to register with critics or the audience.
Sturges made four brief onscreen appearances during his career: in two of his own films ("
Christmas in July" and " Sullivan's Travels"), in the Paramount all-star extravaganza " Star Spangled Rhythm", and, in the years of his decline, in the Bob Hopecomedy " Paris Holiday", which was filmed in France and would be the last film he worked on. Two decades earlier, Sturges had been a writer on one of Hope's earliest film successes, "Never Say Die".
Family and death
*Estelle deWolfe Mudge – married in December 1923, separated in 1927, divorced in 1928
*Eleanor Close Hutton (a daughter of Marjorie Merriweather (Post) Close Hutton Davies May) – eloped on April 12, 1930, marriage annulled on April 12, 1932
*Louise Sargent Tevis – married on November 7, 1938 in
Reno, Nevada, separated in April 1946, divorced in November 1947
**son: Solomon Sturges IV (b. June 25, 1941) - actor
*Anne Margaret "Sandy" Nagle (a lawyer and former actress) – married on April 15, 1951, marriage ended in 1959 with Sturges' death, mother of his two younger sons
**son: Preston Sturges Jr. (b. February 22, 1953) - screenwriter
**son: Thomas Preston Sturges (b. June 22, 1956) - music executive
Sturges died of a heart attack at the
Algonquin Hotelwhile writing his autobiography (which, ironically, he'd intended to title "The Events Leading Up to My Death"), and was interred in the Ferncliff Cemeteryin Hartsdale, New York. His book "Preston Sturges by Preston Sturges: His Life in His Words" was published in 1990 by Simon & Schuster. [ISBN 0-671-67929-5] In 1975, he became the first writer to be given the Screen Writers Guild's Laurel Award posthumously.
*"The Power and the Glory" (writer only) (fy|1933)
*"The Good Fairy" (writer only) (fy|1935)
Diamond Jim" (writer only) (1935)
*"Easy Living" (writer only) (fy|1937)
Remember the Night" (writer only) (fy|1940)
The Great McGinty" (fy|1940)
*"Christmas in July" (fy|1940)
The Lady Eve" (fy|1941)
Sullivan's Travels" (1941)
The Palm Beach Story" (fy|1942)
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" (filmed 1942, released fy|1944)
Hail the Conquering Hero" (1944)
*"The Great Moment" (filmed 1942, released 1944)
The Sin of Harold Diddlebock(Mad Wednesday)" (fy|1947/fy|1950)
Unfaithfully Yours" (fy|1948)
The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend" (fy|1949)
The French, They Are a Funny Race(Les carnets du Major Thompson)" (fy|1955) [Complete filmographies: [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002545/maindetails IMDB] , [http://www.tcmdb.com/participant/participant.jsp?participantId=186418 TCM] , [http://www.allmovie.com/cg/avg.dll?p=avg&sql=2:113144~T2 AllMovie] , [http://prestonsturges.com/filmography.html PrestonSturges.com] ]
Sturges won an
Academy Awardin fy|1941 for his screenplay for " The Great McGinty", and was subsequently nominated two more times, for " The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" in fy|1944 and for " Hail the Conquering Hero" in fy|1945. " The Sin of Harold Diddlebock" (fy|1947) was nominated for the Grand Prize of the fy|1951 Cannes Film Festival.
Posthumously, Sturges received the Laurel Award for "Screen Writing Achievement" from the
Writers Guild of Americain fy|1975. He has a star dedicated to him on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 1601 Vine Street. [IMDB [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0002545/awards Awards] ]
*Three of Sturges' films, "Christmas in July", "The Great McGinty" and "Remember the Night", were restaged for
NBC's "Lux Video Theater".
*The 1956 George Gobel movie "The Birds and the Bees" was a remake of "
The Lady Eve". Paul Jones produced both movies.
Jerry Lewisvehicle "Rock-A-Bye Baby" was loosely based on Sturges' "The Miracle of Morgan's Creek".
Dudley Moorefeature " Unfaithfully Yours" was a remake of Sturges' 1948 original.
*"Five Screenplays" (ISBN 0-520-05564-0) collects "
The Great McGinty", " Christmas in July", " The Lady Eve", " Sullivan's Travels", and " Hail the Conquering Hero"
*"Four More Screenplays" (ISBN 0-520-20365-8) collects "
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek", " The Palm Beach Story", " Unfaithfully Yours", and "The Great Moment"
* "Three More Screenplays" (ISBN 0-520-21004-2) collects "The Power and the Glory", "
Remember the Night", and "Easy Living"
Examples of Sturges' dialogue
Remember the Night" (fy|1940)
:"John Sargent" (Fred MacMurray)":" You know, that's called arson.:"Lee Leander" (Barbara Stanwyck)":" I thought that was when you bit somebody?
The Great McGinty" (fy|1940)
:"The Politician" (William Demarest)":" If it wasn't for graft, you'd get a very low type of people in politics. Men without ambition. Jellyfish!:"Catherine McGinty" (Muriel Angelus)":" Especially since you can't rob the people anyway.:"The Politician:" Sure! ... How was that?:"Catherine McGinty:" What you rob, you spend, and what you spend goes back to the people, so where's the robbery? I read that in one of my father's books.:"The Politician:" That book should be in every home!
:("Riding inside the political boss' bulletproof car"):"Dan McGinty" (Brian Donlevy)":" What makes this bus so quiet?:"The Boss" (Akim Tamiroff)":" Armor!:"Dan McGinty:" Armored for what?:"The Boss:" So people shouldn't interrupt me!
The Lady Eve" (fy|1941)
:"Jean Harrington" (Barbara Stanwyck)":" I need him like the axe needs the turkey.
:"Colonel" Harrington" (Charles Coburn)":" Don't be vulgar, Jean. Let us be crooked, but never common.
:"Charles Pike" (Henry Fonda)":" Nice fella, your father.:"Jean:" He's a good card player, too.:"Charles:" You think so? I don't want to be rude, but I thought he seemed a little uneven.:"Jean:" He's more uneven some times than others.:"Charles:" Well, that's what makes him uneven, of course.
:"Jean:" Are you always going to be interested in snakes?:"Charles:" Snakes are my life, in a way.:"Jean:" What a life.:"Charles:" I suppose it does sound sort of silly. I mean, I suppose I should have married and settled down. I imagine my father always wanted me to. As a matter of fact, he's told me so rather plainly. I just never cared for the brewing business.:"Jean:" Oh, you say that's why you've never married?:"Charles:" Oh no. It's just I've never met her. I suppose she's around somewhere in the world.:"Jean:" It would be too bad if you never bumped into each other.:"Charles:" Well...:"Jean:" I suppose you know what she looks like and everything.:"Charles:" I . . . I think so.:"Jean:" I'll bet she looks like Marguerite in "Faust".:"Charles:" Oh no, she isn't, I mean, she hasn't, she's not as bulky as an opera singer.:"Jean:" Oh. How are her teeth?:"Charles:" Huh?:"Jean:" Well, you should always pick one out with good teeth. It saves expense later.
:"Colonel" Harrington:" That's the tragedy of the rich. They don't need anything.
:"Jean:" I'm terribly in love, and you seem to be too, so one of us has to think and try and keep things clear. And maybe I can do that better than you can. They say a moonlit deck is a woman's business office.
:"Jean:" Do you know Charles?:"Sir Alfred McGlennan Keith" (Eric Blore)":" Oh, is he the tall backward boy who's always toying with toads and things? Yes, I think I've seen him skulking about.:"Jean:" He isn't backward, he's a scientist!:"Sir Alfred:" Oh, is that what it is? Oh well, I knew he was . . . peculiar.
Sullivan's Travels" (fy|1941)
:"John Sullivan" (Joel McCrea)":" There's a lot to be said for making people laugh. Did you know that that's all some people have? It isn't much, but it's better than nothing in this cockeyed caravan.
:("Studio executives, arguing over a movie"):"Mr. Lebrand" (Robert Warwick)":" It died in Pittsburgh.:"Mr. Hadrian" (Porter Hall)":" Like a dog!:"Sullivan:" Aw, what do they know in Pittsburgh?:"Mr. Hadrian:" They know what they like.:"Sullivan:" If they knew what they liked, they wouldn't live in Pittsburgh!
:"Sullivan:" This picture is an ANSWER to Communists. It shows we're awake and not dunking our heads in the sand, like a bunch of ostriches. I want this picture to be a commentary on modern conditions, stark realism, the problems that confront the average man.:"Mr. Lebrand:" But with a little sex.:"Sullivan:" A little, but I don't want to stress it. I want this picture to be a document. I want to hold a mirror up to life. I want this to be a picture of dignity, a true canvas of the suffering of humanity.:"Mr. Lebrand:" But with a little sex.:"Sullivan:" ("resigned") With a little sex in it.
:"Mr. Lebrand:" "O Brother, Where Art Thou?" is going to be the greatest tragedy ever made! The world will weep! Humanity will sob!:"Mr. Jones" (Willam Demarest)":" It'll put Shakespeare back with the shipping news!
:"The Girl" (Veronica Lake)":" You know, the nice thing about buying food for a man is that you don't have to laugh at his jokes.
:("Questioned by a policeman"):"Desk sergeant" (J. Farrell MacDonald)":" How does the girl fit in this picture?:"Sullivan:" There's "always" a girl in the picture. Haven't you ever been to the movies?
The Palm Beach Story" (fy|1942)
:"Geraldine Jeffers" (Claudette Colbert)":" ("looking at a yacht") Is all this yours?:"John D. Hackensacker III" (Rudy Vallee)":" Actually, it was my grandfather's, but he didn't like it. He only used it once. This is his hat.
:"Hackensacker:" There is a name for such reptiles, but I won't sully this fair ocean breeze by mentioning it. I suppose he's large?:"Geraldine:" Well, he's not small.:"Hackensacker:" That's one of the tragedies of this life, that the men who are most in need of a beating are always enormous.
:"Hackensacker:" Chivalry is not only dead, it's decomposed.
:"Weenie King" (Robert Dudley)":" I'm cheesy with money. I'm the Weenie King! Invented the Texas Weenie. Lay off 'em, you'll live longer.
:"Tom Jeffers" (Joel McCrea)":" So, this gent gave you "The Look"?:"Geraldine:" The Weenie King? At "his" age, it was really more of a blink.
:"Princess Centimillia" (Mary Astor)":" I'd marry Captain McGloo tomorrow, even with that name.:"Hackensacker:" And divorce him the next month.:"Princess Centimillia:" Nothing in this world is permanent, except for Roosevelt, my dear.
:"Geraldine:" You have no idea what a long-legged woman can do without doing anything.
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek" (fy|1944)
:"Constable Kockenlocker" (William Demarest)":" Listen, zipper-puss. Someday they're just gonna find your hair ribbon and an axe someplace. Nothing else. The mystery of Morgan's Creek.
:"Emmy Kockenlocker" (Diana Lynn)":" If you don't mind my mentioning it, Father, I think you have a mind like a swamp.
:"Constable Kockenlocker:" The trouble with kids is they always figure they're smarter than their parents. Never stop to think if their old man could get by for fifty years, and feed 'em, and clothe 'em, he maybe had something up here to get by with. Things that seem like brain twisters to you might be very simple for him.
Hail the Conquering Hero" (fy|1944)
:"Sgt. Heppelfinger" (William Demarest)":" It's an honor to meet you, kid. What's your name?:"Woodrow Lafayette Pershing Truesmith" (Eddie Bracken)":" Woodrow Lafayette Pershing Truesmith. Go ahead and laugh.:"Sgt. Heppelfinger:" That ain't anything to laugh at, to anyone who knows anything. I guess you never got to know your father very well, eh?:"Woodrow:" Well, not exactly, as he fell the day I was born.:"Sgt. Heppelfinger:" That's right. It's hard to realize. He was a fine-looking fellow. He didn't look anything like you at all.
:("After the news that the town plans to build a statue of Woodrow, the fraudulent war hero"):"Woodrow:" What do I do now?:"Sgt. Heppelfinger:" Well, you just let it blow over.:"Woodrow:" Did you ever see a "statue" blow over?:"Sgt. Heppelfinger:" I tell you it'll all blow over. Everything is perfect ... except for a couple of details.:"Woodrow:" They "hang" people for a couple of details!
:"Libby's Aunt" (Elizabeth Patterson)":" Well, that's the war for you. It's always hard on women. Either they take your men away and never send them back at all, or they send them back unexpectedly just to embarrass you. No consideration at all.
The Sin of Harold Diddlebock" (fy|1947)
:"Harold Diddlebock" (Harold Lloyd)":" A man works all his life in a glass factory, one day he feels like picking up a hammer.
Unfaithfully Yours" (fy|1948)
:"Detective Sweeney" (Edgar Kennedy)":" The way you handle Handel, Sir Alfred! For me, there's nobody handles Handel like you handle Handel! There's you up here, and then there's nobody, no second, no third...maybe way down here, a runner-up on poor fourth. And your Delius – delirious!
:"Sir Alfred De Carter" (Rex Harrison)":" Have you ever heard of
Russian roulette?:"Daphne De Carter" (Linda Darnell)":" Why, certainly. I used to play it all the time with my father.:"Alfred:" I doubt that you played Russian Roulette all the time with your father!:"Daphne:" Oh, I most certainly did. You play it with two decks of cards, and . . .:"Alfred:" That's " Russian Bank".' Russian roulette's a very different amusement which I can only wish your father had played continuously before he had "you!"
:"August Henshler" (Rudy Vallee)":" Nothing is too much trouble for the busy man. If you ever want anything done, always ask the busy man. The others never have time. Now, you asked me to keep an eye on your wife, and I assure you that . . .:"Alfred:" You keep repeating 'Keep an eye on your wife' as if it had some special meaning. I don't know what you're leading up to, but for some reason I feel my back hair rising.:"August:" You see, Alfred, being a little near-sighted, I couldn't very well keep an eye on her from Palm Beach. Nevertheless, I did not fail you.:"Alfred:" Again something's happening to my back hair. I don't recollect saying anything to you at the airport, except possibly "goodbye," but even if I did say "Keep an eye on my wife for me," I meant, see if she's lonely some evening and take her out to the movies, you and Barbara.:"August:" But you don't say you didn't say "Keep an eye on my wife for me"?:"Alfred:" Oh, supposing I did, how could you do it from Palm Beach?:"August:" With detectives.:"Alfred:" With detectives... "With detectives?!" You stuffed moron! :("Grabs August by his shirt."):"August:" Control yourself, Alfred, control yourself! This is entirely uncalled for. Kindly release my scarf.:"Alfred:" You dare to inform me you had vulgar footpads in snap-brim fedoras sluicing after my beautiful wife?:"August:" I believe it's called sleuthing. Alfred, kindly let go of my shirt, you're tearing it. There's nothing to be so upset about. Good heavens, I merely had her tailed.:"Alfred:" You merely had her "what?" ("Again grabs August by the shirt.") I give you my solemn word, August, if I don't regain control of myself in a few minutes ("tears August's shirt apart"), concert or no concert, I'll take this candelabrum and beat that walnut you use for a head into a "nutburger," I believe they're called!
* [http://www.prestonsturges.com/ Official Preston Sturges Site]
** [http://www.prestonsturges.com/100years.html Timeline]
* [http://www.filmreference.com/Directors-St-Ve/Sturges-Preston.html Preston Sturges] at Film Reference
* [http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/04/sturges.html Preston Sturges] at Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database
* [http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/sturges_p.html Preston Sturges] at
* [http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/sturges.html Preston Sturges bibliography] at UC Berkeley Media Resources Center
* [http://www.geocities.com/Hollywood/Set/7321/STUR_03.html Preston Sturges: Film-maker]
* [http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendid=128451634 Preston Sturges] at
* [http://www.reelclassics.com/Directors/Sturges/sturges.htm Preston Sturges] at Reel Classics
###@@@KEY@@@### s-achsuccession box
Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay
years = 1940
The Great McGinty"
Herman Mankiewicz& Orson Welles
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Preston Sturges — (* 29. August 1898 in Chicago; † 6. August 1959 in New York; eigentlich Edmund Preston Biden) war ein US amerikanischer Drehbuchautor und Regisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmographie … Deutsch Wikipedia
Preston Sturges — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Preston Sturges Nombre real Edmund Preston Biden Nacimiento 29 de agosto de 1898 … Wikipedia Español
Preston Sturges — est un scénariste, réalisateur, producteur et acteur américain né le 29 août 1898 à Chicago, Illinois (États Unis), décédé le 6 août 1959 à New York (New York). Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Filmographie … Wikipédia en Français
Preston Sturges — Edmund Preston Biden … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Preston Sturges — (1898 1959, born as Edmond P. Biden) American film director … English contemporary dictionary
movie director Preston Sturges — kiss proof lipstick … Inventors, Inventions
Sturges — may refer to: * William Sturges Bourne (1769–1845), British politician * Graeme Sturges (b. 1955), Australian politician * Jock Sturges (b. 1947), American photographer * John Sturges (1911–1982), American film director * Jonathan Sturges… … Wikipedia
Sturges — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Graeme Sturges (* 1955), australischer Politiker Jock Sturges (* 1947), US amerikanischer Fotograf John Sturges (1911–1992), US amerikanischer Filmregisseur und produzent Jonathan Sturges (1740–1819), US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Preston (disambiguation) — Preston is a city in Lancashire. It may also refer to Preston (UK Parliament constituency) Places Australia*Preston, Victoria *Preston, TasmaniaCanada*Preston, Nova Scotia *Preston, Ontario: now part of the city of Cambridge, OntarioOther places… … Wikipedia
Preston (Begriffsklärung) — Preston steht für: Preston (Familienname), Auflistung des Familiennamens Preston (3792) Preston, Asteroid des Hauptgürtels Preston ist der Name folgender Orte in England: Preston (Devon), Devon Preston (Dorset), Dorset Preston (Cirencester),… … Deutsch Wikipedia