Upper Imbrian

Upper Imbrian

In the Lunar geologic timescale, the Upper Imbrian epoch occurred between 3800 million years ago to about 3200 million years ago. It was the period during which the mantle below the lunar basins partially melted and filled them with basalt. The melting is thought to have occurred because the impacts thinned the overlying rock - either causing the mantle to rise because of the reduced pressure on it, bringing molten material closer to the surface; or the top melting as heat flowed upwards through the mantle because of reduced overlying thermal insulation. The majority of lunar samples returned to earth for study come from this age period.

The Earth equivalent consist of three-quarters of the Archean eon.

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