Nikolai Voznesensky

Nikolai Voznesensky
Nikolai Voznesensky
Никола́й Вознесе́нский
Chairman of the State Planning Committee of the Soviet Union
In office
8 December 1942 – 5 March 1949
Premier Joseph Stalin
Preceded by Maksim Saburov
Succeeded by Maksim Saburov
In office
19 January 1938 – 10 March 1941
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Valery Mezhlauk
Succeeded by Maksim Saburov
First Deputy Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Soviet Union
In office
10 March 1941 – 15 March 1946
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Joseph Stalin
Preceded by Valerian Kuybyshev
Succeeded by Vyacheslav Molotov
Personal details
Born 18 October 1903(1903-10-18)
Tula Oblast, Imperial Russia
Died 5 October 1950(1950-10-05) (aged 46)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Citizenship Soviet
Nationality Russian
Political party All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik)

Nikolai Alekseevich Voznesensky (Russian: Никола́й Алексе́евич Вознесе́нский, 1903 – 1 October 1950) was the Soviet economic planner who oversaw the running of Gosplan during the German-Soviet War. A protégé of Andrei Zhdanov, Voznesensky was appointed Deputy Premier in May 1940 at the age of thirty-eight.[1] He was directly involved in the recovery of production associated with the movement of industry eastwards at the start of the war. His work The Economy of the USSR during World War II [2] is his account of these years.

Following the war, however, his ideas on measuring and managing Soviet economic activity were at odds with Stalin's views, and his instrumental role in reorganizing Leningrad's economic structure before the war led to his persecution during the Leningrad Affair. In a secret trial, he was found guilty of treason, sentenced to death and executed the same day.

He was a close companion of Alexei Kosygin and Mikhail Rodionov.

Honours and awards

  • Two Orders of Lenin
  • Stalin Prize - 1947


  1. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, Weidenfeld & Nicolson: 2003, p.310. ISBN 1400042305
  2. ^ Washington, DC: Public Affairs Press, 1948.

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