Pigment dispersion syndrome

Pigment dispersion syndrome

Pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) is an affliction of the eye that, if left untreated, can lead a form of glaucoma known as pigmentary glaucoma. It takes place when pigment cells slough off from the back of the iris and float around in the aqueous humor. This is not what causes problems; however, if the pigment flakes clog the trabecular meshwork, preventing the liquids in the eye from draining, pressure can build up inside the eye. This pressure can cause permanent damage to the optic nerve.

This condition is rare, but occurs most often in Caucasians, particularly men, and the age of onset is relatively low: mid 20s to 40s. Most sufferers are nearsighted.

There is no cure as of yet, but PDS can be managed with eye drops or treated with simple surgeries. If caught early and treated, chances of glaucoma are greatly reduced. Sufferers are often advised not to engage in high-impact sports such as long-distance running or martial arts, as strong impacts can cause more pigment cells to slough off.

External links

* [http://www.glaucoma.net/nygri/glaucoma/topics/pigmentary.html NY Glaucoma Research Institute]
* [http://www.glaucoma.org/learn/pigment_dispers.php Glaucoma Research Foundation]
* [http://revoptom.com/handbook/oct02_sec4_4.htm Handbook of Ocular Disease Management] from [http://revoptom.com/ Review of Optometry]
* [http://www.krukenbergs-spindle.co.uk/Pigment_Dispersion_Syndrome.htm Krukenberg's Spindle] is a website designed specifically for people that have been diagnosed with Krukenberg's Spindles and/or Pigment Dispersion Syndrome
* [http://www.nyee.edu/pigment-dispersion-syndrome.html The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary]
* [http://www.glaucoma-association.com/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=723 International Glaucoma Association]

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