Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange


Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange

Infobox British Royalty|royal|consort
name =Princess Anne
title =Princess Royal; Princess consort of Orange


imgw =200
caption =Portrait by Bernard Accama, 1736
reign =25 March 1734 – 22 October 1751
spouse =William IV
issue =Carolina of Orange-Nassau
Princess Anna of Orange-Nassau
William V, Prince of Orange
royal house =House of Orange-Nassau
House of Hanover
titles ="HRH" The Princess-Regent of Friesland
"HRH" The Princess of Orange
"HRH" The Princess Royal
"HRH" The Princess Anne
"HRH" Princess Anne" [http://www.londongazette.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=6148 The London Gazette] " refers to her before her father's accession as "Princess Anne"]
"HSH" Princess Anne of Hanover

father =George II of Great Britain
mother =Caroline of Ansbach
date of birth =birth date|1709|11|2|df=y
place of birth =Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover
date of christening=2 November 1709
place of christening=Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover
date of death =Death date and age|1759|12|1|1709|11|2|df=yes
place of death =The Hague|

Princess Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (2 November 1709 – 12 January 1759) was the second child and eldest daughter of George II and his consort, Queen Caroline. She was the wife of William IV of Orange, the first hereditary stadtholder of the Netherlands. Princess Anne was the second daughter of a British sovereign to hold the title Princess Royal, and later Princess-Regent of Friesland

Early life

"HSH" Princess Anne of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lüneburg was born at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, five years before her paternal grandfather, the Elector Georg Ludwig, succeeded to the British throne as George I. She was christened shortly after birth at Herrenhausen Palace. [ [http://users.uniserve.com/~canyon/christenings.htm#Christenings Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings] ]

Great Britain

Upon her grandfather's ascension in 1714, it became established practice that the legitimate children and the male-line grandchildren of a British Sovereign would be titled prince or princess of Great Britain and Ireland and styled "Royal Highness"; great-grandchildren in the male line would be prince or princess of Great Britain and Ireland and styled "Highness". Her father ascended on 11 June 1727.

Princess Royal

On 30 August of that year, George II created his eldest daughter Princess Royal. Charles I first bestowed this title on his eldest daughter, Mary, Princess of Orange (mother of William III), in 1642. However, the title fell from use until the reign of George II. (Princess Anne became Princess Royal during the lifetime of her aunt, Queen Sophia Dorothea of Prussia, who had been eligible for this honour but did not receive it.)

Marriage

On 25 March 1734, the Princess Royal married William IV, Prince of Orange. She ceased to use her substantive British title, in favour of her courtesy title from her husband's hereditary principality. The music played on her wedding was by George Frideric Handel, whose favourite pupil she was, learning composing, singing and playing the harpsichord. She remained a life-long supporter, attending his operas and subscribing to his music. She quarreled with her brother, the prince of Wales about her choice. The performance of Poro (opera) was canceled when it became known she had had a miscarriage in 1736.

Regency

When her husband died in 1751, Anne was appointed regent for her 3 year-old son William. She was at first a good leader in the government with her quick decision-making skills, but she later became tyrannical and unpredictable.

Later life

She continued to act as regent until her death in 1759, at The Hague, Netherlands, when she was replaced by her mother-in-law, Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel), and by Ludwig Ernst von Brunswick-Lüneburg-Bevern. When she too died, Anne's daughter, Carolina, was made regent until William V turned 18 in 1766.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*2 November 1709 – 27 September 1714: "Her Serene Highness" Princess Anne of Hanover
*27 September 1714 – 11 June 1727: "Her Royal Highness" Princess Anne
*11 June – 30 August 1727: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess Anne
*30 August 1727 – 25 March 1734: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess Royal
*25 March 1734 – 22 October 1751: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess of Orange
*22 October 1751 – 12 January 1759: "Her Royal Highness" The Princess-Regent of Friesland

Arms

On 31 January 1719, as a grandchild of the sovereign, Anne was granted use of the arms of the realm, differenced by a "label argent of five points, each bearing a cross gules". On 30 August 1727, as a child of the sovereign, Anne's difference changed to a "label argent of three points, each bearing a cross gules". [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family] ]

Issue

The Prince and Princess of Orange-Nassau had a stillborn son, in 1735. Their other children were:

Ancestors

-
-
-
-
-

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anne, Princess Royal — Infobox British Royalty|royal name = Anne title = Princess Royal imgw = 220 spouse = Mark Phillips (m. 1973, div. 1992) Timothy Laurence (m. 1992) issue = Peter Phillips Zara Phillips full name = Anne Elizabeth Alice LouiseAs a titled royal, Anne …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange — Mary of England Princess Royal Mary Henrietta Stuart (detail of a 1641 painting by Antoon van Dijck) Princess of Orange; Countess of Na …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood — Princess Mary Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood Princess Mary, c. 1926 Spouse Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood (1922–1947) …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Christina of the Netherlands — Princess Christina Princess Christina of the Netherlands Spouse Jorge Pérez y Guillermo (m. 1975; div. 1996) Issue Bernardo Guillermor />Nicolás Guillermo Juliana Guillermo Full name Maria Christina Father …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Joséphine of Lorraine — Joséphine Princess of Carignan Spouse Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignan Detail Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Charlotte of Wales — Princess Leopold of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld, Duchess in Saxony A portrait of Charlotte by George Dawe Spouse Prince Leopold of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Máxima of the Netherlands — Princess Máxima Princess Máxima in Amsterdam, Autumn 2003 Spouse Willem Alexander, Prince of Orange Issue Catharina Amalia, Hereditary Princess of Orange …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh — Princess Mary Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh Spouse Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester House House of Hanover …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon — Princess Margaret redirects here. For other uses, see Princess Margaret (disambiguation). Countess of Snowdon redirects here. For the title, see Earldom of Snowdon. Princess Margaret Countess of Snowdon Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll — Princess Louise Duchess of Argyll Princess Louise, c. 1870s Spouse John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll (earlier Marquess of Lorne) Full name …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.