Integral nationalism

Integral nationalism

Integral Nationalism is one of five types of nationalism defined by Carlton Hayes in his 1928 book "The Historical Evolution of Modern Nationalism."

More recently, Peter Alter discussed Integral Nationalism in his book "Nationalism", along with its opposite, Risorgimento nationalism. Whereas Risorgimento nationalism applies to a nation seeking to establish a state (for example, Greece, Italy, Germany, Poland and Serbia in the 17th century), integral nationalism results after a nation has achieved independence and has established a state. Nazi Germany and fascist Italy, according to Alter, were examples of integral nationalism. Some of the qualities that characterise integral nationalism is radical extremism, right-wing ideology, and aggressive-expansionist militarism.

Integral states are totalitarian and the government or state dominates all aspects of society. Integral nationalism is derived from the "nationalisme integrale" of the French nationalist author Charles Maurras, who stated: "A true nationalist places his country above everything". Integralism as such is a belief that society is an organic unit, with a social hierarchy and co-operation between the different social classes. It often overlaps with fascism, although many natural points of disagreement exist.

Integral nationalism arises in countries where a strong military ethos has become entrenched through the independence struggle, when, once independence is achieved, it is believed that a strong military is required to ensure the security and viability of the new state. Also, the success of such a liberation struggle results in feelings of national superiority that may lead to extreme nationalism.

ee also

*Expansionist nationalism

External links

* [ Nationalism and War]
* [ Peter Alter's "Nationalism" at]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nationalism — Part of a series on Nationalism …   Wikipedia

  • Integral (disambiguation) — Integral may refer to: *constituting, belonging to or making up a whole, necessary for completeness;in mathematics * Of or related to an integer * integral (calculus), the generalization of area, mass, etc. * Integral (measure theory), or… …   Wikipedia

  • Integral humanism — is the political philosophy practised by the Bharatiya Janata Party and the former Bharatiya Jana Sangh of India. It was first propounded by Deendayal Upadhyaya. It is espoused by most Hindutva organizations. [ [] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • nationalism — Sentiment, aspiration, and consciousness are all terms applied to what constitutes nationalism, or the valuation of the nation state above all else. However, it also entails certain assumptions about the will to self determination, the existence… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Expansionist nationalism — is an aggressive and radical form of nationalism that incorporates autonomous, patriotic sentiments with a belief in expansionism. The term was coined during the late nineteenth century as European powers indulged in the Scramble for Africa in… …   Wikipedia

  • Catalan nationalism — Catalan nationalism, or Catalanism (from Catalanisme in Catalan), is a political movement advocating for either further political autonomy or full independence of Catalonia.Intellectually, Catalanism departs from the unsuccessful attempts to… …   Wikipedia

  • Liberal nationalism — is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non xenophobic  form of nationalism compatible with liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights.[1] Ernest Renan[2] and John Stuart Mill …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistani nationalism — Flag of Pakistan. Pakistani nationalism refers to the political, cultural, linguistic, historical and religious expression of patriotism by people of Pakistan, of pride in the history, culture, identity and heritage of Pakistan, and visions for… …   Wikipedia

  • Circassian nationalism — Circassia. Alexander Keith Johnston, 1861 Circassian nationalism[1] is the desire among Circassians to establish (or rather, revive) an …   Wikipedia

  • English nationalism — is the name given to a nationalist political movement in England that desires national independence for England. In recent years this has been advocated via a devolved English Parliament. Some English nationalists go further, and seek the re… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.