Yechiel of Paris


Yechiel of Paris

Yechiel ben Joseph of Paris (Jehiel of Paris) was a major Talmudic scholar and Tosafist from northern France, father-in-law of Isaac ben Joseph of Corbeil. He was a disciple of Rabbi Judah Messer Leon, and succeeded him in 1225 as head of the Yeshiva of Paris, which then boasted some 300 students; his best known student was Meir of Rothenburg. He is the author of many Tosafot.

Yechiel of Paris is best known as the main defender of Judaism in the 1240 Disputation of Paris held at the court of Louis IX, where he argued against the convert Nicholas Donin. Although the disputants successfully defended Judaism, a decree was passed, to publicly burn all available manuscripts of the Talmud - on Friday, June 17, 1244), fire was set to twenty-four carriageloads of written works.

In 1260 the rabbi arrived in Eretz Yisroel along with his son and a large group of followers, settling in Acre. [ [http://www.jafi.org.il/education/100/places/acco.html Jafi education] ] [ [http://www.lookstein.org/resources/bionotes.pdf Lookstein Bionotes] ] There he established the Talmudic academy "Midrash haGadol d'Paris". [ [http://www.jewishhistory.com/jh.php?id=AdditionalReadings&content=content/segal_ch17 Jewish History] ] He is believed to have died there between 1265 and 1268, and is buried near Haifa, at Mount Carmel.

ee also

*Yishuv haYashan

External links and references

* [http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=111868 Rabbi Jehiel of Paris (Chabad.org)]
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=191&letter=J Jehiel Ben Joseph of Paris (Jewishencyclopedia.com)]


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