Hamilton Air Force Base


Hamilton Air Force Base

Infobox Military Structure
name=Hamilton Air Force Base
partof = Air/Aerospace Defense Command
location=Located near Novato, California
coordinates=


caption= Hamilton AFB, 10 July 1993
type=Air Force Base
code=
built=1928
builder=
materials=
height=
used= 1929-1974
demolished=
condition=
ownership=
controlledby=United States Army Air Forces
United States Air Force
garrison= Aerospace Defense Command
commanders=
occupants=
battles=
events=

Hamilton Air Force Base was a former United States Air Force base located along the northern shore of San Francisco Bay, south of Novato, California. [cite gnis|2087561|Hamilton Air Force Base (historical)]

Hamilton Airfield was named for First Lieutenant Lloyd Andrew Hamilton of the 17th Aero Squadron, awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for heroism at Varssonaore, Belgium, in leading a low level bombing attack on a German airdrome convert|30|mi|km|-1 behind enemy lines on August 13, 1918. Thirteen days later Hamilton died in action near Lagnicourt, France. [ [http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/hamilton3.php "Lloyd Hamilton".] ]

Origins

What would eventually become Hamilton Air Force Base has its origins in the late 1920s, when the airfield was first established. Known at first unofficially as the Marin County Air Field, as Marin Airfield, as Marin Meadows Air Field, and as the Army Air Base at Marin Meadows, it was officially termed from 1929 until 1932 the "Air Corps Station, San Rafael." Then, with formal development beginning, it was named Hamilton Army Air Field on 12 July 1932.

Construction of the airfield began about 1 July, 1932, with the airfield being originally designed to accommodate four bomb squadrons and their personnel. Captain Don Hutchins of the Army Air Corps reported on duty as the first commanding officer of the new field on June 25, 1933, and Captain John M. Davies' 70th Service Squadron arrived that December as the first squadron assigned to the base.

The Hamilton Field Station Complement replaced the 70th Service Squadron on March 1, 1935. The original construction program was completed on May 12, 1935, at which time the field was ceremonially handed over to Brigadier General Henry 'Hap' Arnold, commanding the First Wing, by Governor Frank Merriam of California.

Pre-World War II Use

7th Bombardment Group

Hamilton was originally designed as a bomber installation. On 5 May 1934, the first planes assigned to Hamilton were Martin B-10 and B-12 bombers of the 7th Bombardment Group, being transferred from March Airfield. Shorty thereafter amphibious reconnaissance aircraft of the 88th Observation Squadron were assigned to Hamilton.

The B-12 bombers housed at Hamilton Field were phased out in 1937 and the 7th Bomb Group was reequipped with the Douglas B-18 Bolos. The B-18, was a standard two engine short range bomber, and was capable of airlifting combat equipped troops en masse, an important advance in combat techniques at the time.

The next step forward in bomber technology was the development of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, a four engine airplane that was bigger, faster, and heavier than any previous bomber and required a longer and stronger runway to operate. Because the runway at Hamilton Field was not adequate for the B-17, the larger planes had to go elsewhere. In 1939 the 7th Bombardment Group was designated as a "Heavy" bomb group and was moved to Fort Douglas, Utah on 7 September 1940 to train with B-17s.

10th Pursuit Wing

Hamilton then became a fighter base and the new home of the 10th Pursuit Wing, which transferred from Moffett Field. The arrival of the 10th Wing with Curtis P-36 Mohawk and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk pursuit aircraft and their crews caused crowding at the base and initiated the first of many housing problems. Rows of frame barracks began to spring up on the base as Hamilton expanded to meet its new role as an important West Coast air training facility.

Known Groups of the 10th Pursuit Wing assigned to Hamilton AAF were:

* 20th Pursuit Group 10 Sep 1940 - 2 Feb 1942 (P-36, P-40)
* 35th Pursuit Group 10 Sep 1940 - 12 Jan 1942 (P-36, P-40)

* 14th Pursuit/Fighter Group 15 Jan 1941 - 10 Jun 1941, 7 Feb - 16 Jul 1942 (P-40)
* 51st Pursuit Group 15 Jan 1941 - 20 Jun 1941 (P-40)
* 54th Pursuit Group 15 Jan 1941 - 26 Jun 1941 (P-40)
* 55th Pursuit Group 15 Jan 1941 - 21 May 1941 (P-40)

On March 31, 1941, the 10th Pursuit Wing was assigned to the Fourth Air Force, and Hamilton was designated as an air defense base for the west coast as part of the Western Defense Region. Fourth Air Force moved its Headquarters to Hamilton on 7 December. On 10 July 1942 the 328th Fighter Group was activated at Hamilton to replace the transferring 14th Fighter Group as part of the air defense force and also a training group for replacement pilots in P-39 aircraft.

Pearl Harbor Attack

In response to the growing crisis in the Pacific, in early December 1941 four Boeing B-17C Flying Fortresses and two new B-17Es of the 30th Bombardment Group were flying cross country from New Orleans, Louisiana stopped at Hamilton on their way to Hickam AAF in Hawaii then on to Clark AAF in the Philippines to reinforce the 19th Bombardment Group stationed there.

After leaving Hamilton, and flying all through the night, the bombers arrived over Oahu on the morning of December 7, 1941, and faced an unusual welcome. The B-17s had arrived over Oahu during the Japanese air attack on Hawaii which triggered American entry into World War II. They arrived at Pearl Harbor at the height of the attack (radar operators mistakenly thought that the Japanese attack force was this flight arriving from California). Some of the planes managed to land at a short fighter strip at Haleiwa, one set down on a golf course, and the remainder landed at Hickam under the strafing of Japanese planes.

In addition, twelve B-17Ds of the 5th Bombardment Group were parked on the ground at Hickam AAF during the attack. Five of these B-17s were destroyed, and eight were damaged.

The B-17Es of the 7th Bombardment Group were moved back to Hamilton from Utah for deployment to the Far East. Six of them arrived in Hawaii just after the Pearl Harbor attack, but the rest of them were ordered to remain in the United States to defend California and were sent south to Muroc AAF near Rosamond.

World War II

During World War II, Hamilton was rapidly expanded to a wartime status, with construction of additional barracks, mess halls, administration buildings, warehouses, Link trainer buildings, schools, hospital and other structures.

Hamiliton AAF was used as an initial training base for newly-formed fighter groups. The following units trained at Hamilton:


GroupAssigned DatesAircraft Type
78th Fighter Group May 1942 - November 1942 P-38 "Lightning"
329th Fighter Group10 July 1942 - 13 July 1942 P-38 "Lightning"
354th Fighter Group10 November 1942 - 18 January 1943 P-39 "Airacobra"
357th Fighter Group1 December 1942 - 4 March 1943 P-51 "Mustang"
363rd Fighter Group1 March 1943 - August 1943 P-39 "Airacobra"
367th Fighter Group15 July 1943 - 11 October 1943 P-38 "Lightning"
369th Fighter Group1 August 1943 - 5 November 1943 P-40 "Warhawk"
372nd Fighter Group28 October 1943 - 7 December 1943 P-40 "Warhawk"
478rd Fighter Group1 December 1943 - 12 December 1943 P-39 "Airacobra"

Postwar Use

From 1946 until 1973, Hamilton Air Force Base's mission was primarily air defense. The base went through a series of command redesignations during this period. In the United States Army Air Force reorganization of 1946 it was assigned to Air Defense Command. Later, in 1948 the base was assigned to Continental Air Command, then back to Air Defense Command/Aerospace Defense Command in 1951 then, as its usefulness waned, to the Air Force Reserve in 1973.

325th Fighter Group/Wing

At the end of World War II, Hamilton became the home of the 325th Fighter Group which was activated on 9 April 1947. Squadrons of the 325th FG were:

* 317th Fighter Squadron
* 318th Fighter Squadron

The 325th FG flew a combination of the Lockheed F-94A Starfire, and beginning in 1948, North American F-82F Twin Mustangs, and on 10 May was redesignated 325 Fighter Wing, All Weather. The unit engaged in air defense training missions along the West Coast. The first Air Defense Command unit to take delivery of the F-82F was the 325th FG.

The unit was transferred on 27 June 1949 to Moses Lake AFB, Washington.

78th Fighter Wing

On 24 September 1948 the 78th Fighter Wing was activated at Hamilton AFB. Although briefly inactivated between 1952 and 1956, the 78th Fighter Wing was the host unit at Hamilton until it was deactivated in 1969.

* 78th Fighter Wing (24 Nov 1948 - 19 Jan 1950)
** 82d Fighter Squadron, Jet (F-51D)
** 83d Fighter Squadron (F-51D)
** 84th Fighter Squadron, Jet (F-84B)
* 78th Fighter-Interceptor Wing (20 Jan 1950 - 6 Feb 1952)
** 82d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (F-84B/D)
** 83d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (F-84B/D, F-89A/B)
** 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (F-84B/D, F-89A/B)

Aircraft flown by the 78th FW/FIW

* North American F-51D Mustang (1949-1952)
* Republic F-84B/D Thunderjet (1949-1952)
* Northrup F-89A/B Scorpion (1951-1952)

The first production Northrup F-89B Scorpion interceptor was accepted by the USAF during February 1951, and entered service with the 84th Fighter Interceptor Squadron. However, in retrospect, the F-89B was rushed into squadron service too rapidly. There were not enough trained pilots and radar operators, and there were not enough maintenance personnel who knew the intricacies of the complex and troublesome Hughes E-1 fire control system. The in-service rate of the F-89B was appallingly low, and crashes were all too frequent.

When the 78th was deactivated, the 82d FIS was transferred to the 4703d Defense Wing at Larson AFB, Washington.

28th Air Division (ADC)

566th Air Defense Group

On 6 February 1952 the 78th FIW was inactivated. In its place, the 4702d Defense Wing stood up at Hamilton. The 4702d was a placeholder unit until the 566th Air Defense Group of ADC's 28th Air Division assumed control of the base on 7 November 1952.

Units of the 566th ADG at Hamilton were:

* 83d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (6 February 1952 - 18 August 1955) (F-86F)
* 84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (6 February 1952 - 18 August 1955) (F-86F)
* 325th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (April 1954 - 18 August 1955) (F-86D)
* 496th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (20 March 1953 - August 1954) (F-86D)

The 325th FIS was activated at Travis AFB California in April 1953 under Air Defense Command with F-86Fs. In February 1954 the 325th FIS moved to Hamilton from Travis AFB CA and transitioned into F-86Ds. During its time at Hamilton, the 325th FIS sponsored the "Sabre Knights" aerial demonstration team. In August 1955 the 325th deactivated and the unit designation was transferred to Truax Field, Madison, Wisconsin.

The 496th FIS activated on 20 March 1953 as a fighter-interceptor squadron at Hamilton as part of the west coast air defense forces. Partially equipped at first with six F-51Ds, the squadron soon transitioned to F-86D aircraft and prepared to move to Europe. In August 1954 the 496th FIS was transferred to Hahn Air Base West Germany to stand air defense alert. Although based at Hahn, the 496th FIS was assigned to the USAFE 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing at Ramstein Air Base.

78th Fighter Group/Wing (Air Defense)

The 78th Fighter Group was reactivated at Hamilton on 18 August 1955. Its operational squadrons were:

* 83d Fighter Interceptor Squadron 18 Aug 1955 - 1 Jul 1963 (F-86D, F-104A, F-101B/F)
* 84th Fighter Interceptor Squadron 18 Aug 1955 - 31 Dec 1969 (F-86D, F-101B/F (Until 30 Sep 1968))
* 498th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron 30 Sep 1968 (F-106A/B)

On 30 September 1968 the 498th FIS was transferred to Hamilton from Paine AFLD, Washington and was redesignated as the 84th FIS. Its 86 F-106 aircraft were immediately assigned to the 84th FIS with the F-101s being transferred to other ADC squadrons.

On 18 October 1956 the 78th was upgraded to Wing status. Aircraft flown by the unit were:

* North American F-86D Sabre (1955-1959)
* Lockheed F-104A Starfighter (1958-1960)
* McDonnell F-101B/F Voodoo (1959-1968)
* Convair F-106A/B Delta Dart (1968-1969)

F-86Ds

The 78th Fighter Wing was initially equipped with the North American F-86D interceptor version of the Sabre. Although, in reality it was a quite different aircraft than the F-86H model, the predominant version used after the Korean War. In the late 1950s, the F-86D served as the main air defense weapon against Soviet bomber attacks. In retrospect, the Soviet bomber threat was grossly exaggerated, but it cannot be denied that the presence of the F-86D interceptor was an important deterrent.

F-104As

The Lockheed F-104A had originally been scheduled to replace the North American F-100 Super Sabres of the Tactical Air Command beginning in 1956. However, by the time that the F-104A was finally ready for delivery, Air Force requirements had changed. The Starfighter's relatively low endurance and its lack of ability to carry a significant offensive weapons load made it no longer suitable for TAC. Consequently the TAC lost all interest in the F-104A even before it was scheduled to enter service.

This might ordinarily have been the end of the line for the F-104A. However, delays in the delivery and development of the Convair F-106A Delta Dart Mach 2+ fighter-interceptor for ADC Command had at that time become worrisome, and the USAF decided to go ahead and accept the F-104As originally destined for the TAC and assign them to the ADC as a stopgap measure.

The selection of the F-104A for the ADC was sort of curious, since it had not been originally designed as an interceptor and it lacked an adequate endurance and had no all-weather capability. However, its high climb rate made it attractive to the ADC and it was hoped that the Starfighter could fill in until the F-106 became available.

First to get the F-104A was the 83rd Fighter Interceptor Squadron at Hamilton, replacing the F-86Ds and became operational with the type on20 February 1958.

In October 1958, twelve F-104As of the 83rd FIS were crated and airlifted by C-124 transport to Taiwan, where they served temporarily with the Republic of China Air Force during the Quemoy crisis. The crisis was peacefully resolved, and the aircraft were returned to the USA.

The F-104A was not very well suited for service as an interceptor. Its low range was a problem for North American air defense, and its lack of all-weather capability made it incapable of operating in conjunction with the SAGE (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) system. The F-104As were replaced by the end of 1960 by more heavily-armed all-weather McDonnell F-101B Voodoos. The F-104As were then transferred in 1960 to Air National Guard squadrons.

F-101B/Fs

With the relative failure of the F-104A in the interceptor role, the 78th FW was re-equipped with the McDonnell F-101B Voodoo. The F-101Bs were modified versions of the SAC F-101A nuclear attack aircraft (designed for one-way missions carrying tactical nuclear weapons) by modifying the avionics systems and fire control systems for air to air missiles. The last F-101Bs were delivered in March 1961, and once the teething troubles with its fire control system issues were corrected, the F-101B proved to be a quite successful interceptor. However, it was outshone by the faster and more maneuverable Convair F-106A Delta Dart when that interceptor finally entered service.

Along with the F-101Bs, The dual-seat F-101F trainer was also flown at Hamilton. F-101Fs were equipped with dual controls, but carried the same armament as the F-101B and were fully combat-capable.

F-106As

The Convair F-106A Delta Dart replaced the F-101 at Hamilton during 1968. The F-106 was considered by many as being the finest all-weather interceptor ever built. It served with the 84th FIW until 1987, nearly 20 years.

The 78th Fighter Wing was deactivated on 31 December 1969. It was awarded the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for the period 1 July 1968 through 30 June 1969.

NORAD

On 1 April 1966, in addition to reactivating the Fourth Air Force, U.S. Air Force, the Headquarters Western NORAD Region (North American Air Defense Command) was activated at Hamilton AFB. This headquarters was not only responsible for the aerospace defense of 11 western states, but also controlled defense forces in two western Canadian provinces. NORAD was a joint U.S. Air Force/Royal Canadian Air Force (Canadian Forces after Feb. 1968) organization. The new Western NORAD Region command combined the 25th, 26th and 27th NORAD Divisions, which were headquartered at McChord AFB Washington, Corvallis Oregon, and Luke AFB Arizona, respectively. West coast radar stations were under the command of headquarters at Hamilton AFB. Data was fed to the NORAD SAGE Combat Center (SCC-5) blockhouse at HAFB via the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system. Headquarters Western NORAD Region was deactivated at Hamilton Air Force Base on December 31, 1969.

26th Air Division (ADC/ADTAC)

84th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron

The 1st Fighter Wing was assigned to Hamilton on 31 December 1969, transferring without personnel or equipment from Selfridge AFB, Michigan. Its operational squadron was the 84th Fighter Interceptor Squadron which was transferred from the deactivating 78th Fighter Wing. The 84th FIS continued to fly the F-106.

At Hamilton the 1st FW was an administrative organization of the ADC 26th Air Division. Although an Air Defense Command wing since the founding of ADC in 1946, the 1st Fighter Wing had long and deep traditions as a Tactical Air organization since its World War I origin in 1918. As the Vietnam War wound down, Headquarters Tactical Air Command was directed to preserve the lineage of many units which had command-controlled designations that gave them no history or traditions. HQ ADC transferred the 1st FW without personnel or equipment to TAC on 1 October 1970 to replace and absorb all assets of the 15th Tactical Fighter Wing at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida.

With the transfer of the 1st FW, the 84th FIS continued to operate at Hamilton until 30 August 1973 directly under the Aerospace Defense Commands 26th Air Division.

The 84th FIS was reassigned to Castle Air Force Base near Merced California on 1 September, 1973 as part of Hamilton's closedown, transferring its F-106s and effectively ending the air defense role of Hamilton AFB.

At Castle, the 84th FIS continued to fill the Air Defense role throughout the 1970s, eventually retiring its F-106s in 1981. The squadron was redesignated the 84th Fighter Interceptor Training Squadron on 1 July 1981 flying T-33s as its primary aircraft for live electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM) training. Participated in live flying exercises as targets for various Tactical Air Command ADTAC air divisions and for the F-15s of the 49th TFW at Holloman AFB, New Mexico. The 84th FITS also flew target missions for the weapons controller training program.

The 84th FITS was inactivated on 27 February 1987.

United States Air Force Reserve Units

349th Military Airlift Wing

Along with its air defense mission, Hamilton AFB was Headquarters for the 349th Military Airlift Wing, an Air Force Reserve unit which was activated on 10 May 1949 and operated at Hamilton through 25 July 1969 with the exception of a brief period during 1951/52.

The wing was assigned to Continental Air Command (ConAC), however when activated the wing was allocated to Military Air Transport Service/Military Airlift Command.

The 349th was bestowed the history and lineage of the World War II 349th Troop Carrier Group, which had been part of the Ninth Air Force IX Troop Carrier Command in Europe.

Units attached to the 349th MAW (under various designations) were the 349th Troop Carrier Group, Medium (27 Jun 1949-2 Apr 1951) and 310th, 311th, 312th and 313th Troop Carrier Squadrons. It was known as the "Golden Gate Wing" and flew the Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando. During the Korean War, the reserve personnel of the 349th were called to active duty and used as fillers in other wings that were not up to combat strength. Consequently, the 349th TCW was deactivated on 2 April 1951.

349th Fighter-Bomber Wing

With the reconstruction of reserve forces on 26 May 1952, the unit was reorganized as a fighter-bomber wing and it was reactivated on 13 June as the 349th Fighter-Bomber Wing. Its operational squadrons were the 310th, 312th, 313th, 313th and 8649th squadrons (20 Aug 1954 - 6 Feb 1956).

As a tactical fighter-bomber wing, the 349th flew the North American F-51 Mustang (1952-1954), Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star (1952-1956), and the Republic F-84 Thunderstreak (1956-1957).

349th Troop Carrier/Military Airlift Wing

In September 1957, the unit was redesignated as the 394th Troop Carrier Wing, Medium, with the following squadrons: (97th, 312th, 313th, 314th Troop Carrier Squadrons).

The 349th flew the Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar. The wing was ordered to active service on 28 October 1962 during the Cuban Missile Crisis. The 349th, like the other reserve troop carrier wings, was completely equipped and ready to move with only a few hours notice as was the case during the Cuban call-up. Only four hours after the first call to report for duty was made, 95 percent of the wing's flying personnel had checked in and were ready to move. With the cessation of the crisis, the wing was relieved from active duty on 28 November.

The 349th was redesignated the 349th Military Airlift Wing on 1 June 1966 when the unit was reallocated to Military Airlift Command. The Wing controlled four (921st, 938th, 939th and 941st) airlift groups. The unit flew the Douglas C-124 Globemaster II. A recall to active duty was again initiated on 26 January 1968, in response to the seizure of the USS Pueblo by North Korea. During the Vietnam War, the wing airlifted many thousands of tons of cargo across the Pacific to support U.S. forces throughout the Southeast Asia and Pacific theaters of operations, as well as points in Europe and the Middle East.

On 25 July 1969 the 349th MAW was transferred to Travis AFB as part of the phaseout of Hamilton AFB.

Closure

Hamilton Air Force Base was decommissioned in 1974. The airfield was transferred to the Army as Hamilton Army Airfield, the housing to the Navy & a convert|411|acre|ha|0|lk=on|sing=on parcel to the General Services Administration (GSA) for public sale.

The Pacific Strike Team of the Coast Guard occupied two of the historic hangars. The GSA public sale occurred in 1985, and 1988 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action closed the facility.

Hamilton Today

Following its closure, many of the facilities at the air field have been reclaimed by the city of Novato and county of Marin for public use [http://www.ci.novato.ca.us/docs/hamiltonstat.pdf] . The air field is also part of dramatic tidal wetland restoration effort currently underway by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (San Francisco District), California Coastal Conservancy, and the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission. This multi-agency construction and environmental restoration effort is called the Hamilton Wetland Restoration Project and is funded by federal, state, and regional burses.

Several structures have been removed and replaced with a housing subdivision known as Hamilton Landing. Some of the hangars have been converted into offices, retaining their façade while being renovated on the inside. Several other old AAF/AFB buildings remain intact, either awaiting demolition or renovation. The Discovery Channel show "MythBusters" has used hangar space at Hamilton to carry out some of their experiments.

Today, many of the old buildings are intact, including a large number of decrepit looking wooden barracks apparently left over from the World War II era. Extensive defunct aviation facilities are still visible, including a closed 8,000-foot (2,438 m) long runway, taxiways, an extensive ramp area, and nine large hangars.

Architectural significance

The base was originally built via contract awarded December 5 1933; most of the buildings were complete by late 1934. Captain Howard B. Nurse, Construction Quartermaster, supervised the design and construction. He departed from traditional base design by rendering the buildings in the Spanish Eclectic (Spanish Revival) style then popular in California. Churrigueresque elements adorn the more important buildings. Reinforced concrete walls were covered in stucco to appear similar to earlier California missions; mission tile roofs topped the buildings. Recessed porches, cantilevered balconies, polychrome tile bands and wrought iron grillework complement the designs.

In 1993 and 1994, the Historic American Buildings Survey documented many of the structures within Hamilton Field, assessing each one for historic value.

Gallery

See also

* Continental Air Command
* Military Air Transport Service
* Western Air Defense Force (Air Defense Command)
* California World War II Army Airfields
* Marin County
* Novato

References

* Donald, David (2004) Century Jets: USAF Frontline Fighters of the Cold War. AIRtime ISBN 1880588684
* Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
* Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
* [http://afhra.maxwell.af.mil/rso/rso_index.html United States Air Force Historical Research Agency] Research Division, Organizational History Branch
*
* [http://www.csd.uwo.ca/~pettypi/elevon/baugher_us/] Joe Baugher's Encyclopedia Of Military Aircraft

External links

* [http://www.militarymuseum.org/HamiltonAFB.html California State Military Museum: Hamilton Air Force Base]
* [http://www.militarymuseum.org/HamiltonAFB.html Hamilton AFB Historic Site]
* [http://www.marintechsupport.com/gallery/hamilton Hamilton AFB Photo Gallery]
* [http://www.airfields-freeman.com/CA/Airfields_CA_SanRafael.htm#hamilton Abandoned & Little Known Airfields - Hamilton AFB]
* [http://www.hamiltonwetlands.org Hamilton Wetland Restoration Project - A joint venture between the San Francisco District Corps of Engineers and the California Coastal Conservancy in partnership with the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission]
* [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/aviation/ Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms, a National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage" Travel Itinerary]
* [http://groups.msn.com/HamiltonAFBHistory Hamilton AFB History - A Website dedicated to the memory of HAFB, the men and women who served there, their families and friends. Share your memories and stories.]
* [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?hh:21:./temp/~ammem_Z2pF::@@@mdb=mcc,gottscho,detr,nfor,wpa,aap,cwar,bbpix,cowellbib,calbkbib,consrvbib,bdsbib,dag,fsaall,gmd,pan,vv,presp,varstg,suffrg,nawbib,horyd,wtc,toddbib,mgw,ncr,ngp,musdibib,hlaw,papr,lhbumbib,rbpebib,lbcoll,alad,hh,aaodyssey,magbell,bbcards,dcm,raelbib,runyon,dukesm,lomaxbib,mtj,gottlieb,aep,qlt,coolbib,fpnas,aasm,scsm,denn,relpet,amss,aaeo,mffbib,afc911bib,mjm,mnwp,rbcmillerbib,molden,ww2map,mfdipbib,afcnyebib,klpmap,hawp,omhbib,rbaapcbib,mal,ncpsbib,ncpm,lhbprbib,ftvbib,afcreed,aipn,cwband,flwpabib,wpapos,cmns,psbib,pin,coplandbib,cola,tccc,curt,mharendt,lhbcbbib,eaa,haybib,mesnbib,fine,cwnyhs,svybib,mmorse,afcwwgbib,mymhiwebib,uncall,afcwip,mtaft,manz,llstbib,fawbib,berl,fmuever,cdn,upboverbib,mussm,cic,afcpearl,awh,awhbib,sgp,wright,lhbtnbib,afcesnbib,hurstonbib,mreynoldsbib,spaldingbib,sgproto Historic American Buildings Survey. 1993-1994. Hamilton AFB]


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