- Vault (comics)
Infobox comics location
name = The Vault
debut = "Avengers" Annual #15 (1986)
subcat = Marvel Comics
sortkey = PAGENAME"The Vault" is the widely used
nicknameof a defunct prisonfacility for superhumancriminals (predominantly supervillains) in Marvel Comics' Marvel Universe. The prison's full official name is the United StatesMaximum Security Installation for the Incarceration of Superhuman Criminals.
It first appeared in "Avengers" Annual #15 (1986). It ceased being used after the facility was destroyed in "Heroes for Hire" #1 (February 1997), although the facility still occasionally appears in flashbacks in various Marvel publications.
"The Vault" first appeared in "Avengers Annual" #15 (1986) by writers
Steve Englehartand Danny Fingeroth, artist Steve Ditkoand Editor Mark Gruenwald. It is unclear whether Englehart, Fingeroth or Gruenwald (or all three) originated the concept.
The Vault was not the first super-human detainment facility to appear in
comic books. Marvel had shown their characters detained in various penitentiaries (usually alongside regular criminals) prior to "Avengers Annual" #15, most often at " Ryker's Island" (a fictionalised Rikers Island). Also, DC Comics' Arkham Asylumpredates the Vault by over 12 years (though Arkham is technically a psychiatric hospital, not a prison). There is also Takron-Galtos, a prison planet which incarcerated many of the Legion of Super-Heroes' villains which first appeared in " Adventure Comics" #359 (August, 1967).
However, "the Vault" was the first prison said to be built specifically and exclusively for the detention of super-villains, and the first to be widely used across a line of comic books. Similar institutions in other comic book universes, such as "the Slab" and
Iron Heightsin the DC Universe, first appeared years later.
After its debut, "the Vault" quickly began to appear throughout Marvel's line of titles as it became the standard destination of imprisoned super-humans in the Marvel Universe. Several storylines were based around the notion of
superheroes being imprisoned in the facility or a number of inmates coordinating a prison break. In 1991, the facility was the subject and main setting for an original graphic novel, "Avengers: Deathtrap, the Vault" (later republished as "Venom: Deathtrap, the Vault"), which was written by Danny Fingeroth with art by Ron Lim.
After "Heroes for Hire" Vol. 1 #1, the concept was abandoned. Comic book writer
Kurt Busiekexplained some the reasoning for this in a Usenetposting in February 2001 [http://groups.google.com/group/rec.arts.comics.marvel.universe/msg/97d5f38002cf6fde] : " "the Vault is a dramatically-flawed idea -- either villains escape a lot (which is what happened) and the result is that this supposedly-cool place looks like it's made of cardboard, or they don't, in which case villains get captured and vanish from the Marvel U. forever, since Marvel time mitigates against their sentences ever being naturally completed."
Prior to the creation of the Vault, super-humans in US custody were usually imprisoned in special wards in Ryker's Island; however, concern about the danger posed to non-super-human inmates by the frequent breakouts by the super-human population in the prison led to those wards being closed.
Another venue, the energy research facility
Project Pegasus, was also briefly used, though the unsuitability of such an institution for use as a general prison led to the imprisonment of most criminals there being discontinued eventually. The US Government then set about building a unique penitentiary dedicated and designed exclusively for the detainment of super-human criminals. Using expertise, research and technology pioneered at Project Pegasus spearheaded by Dr. Henri Sorel, and extremely robust materials such as adamantium and osmium steel, they built an underground three-level structure over 40 feet below ground level in the Rocky Mountain range in Colorado.
Security guards at the prison wore armoured Guardsmen uniforms. These suits, similar in appearance to the armour worn by the original Guardsman, used technology adapted from Tony Stark's
Iron Manarmour designs. Originally Stark disagreed with this unauthorised use of his work, and this led him (in his Iron Man guise) to forcibly remove all his technology from the armour ("Iron Man" #228; March, 1988, during the Armor Wars). However, Stark's opinion later partially changed. He went on to contribute to the design of a later model of the suit, limited to work only in the Vault itself and the close environs thereof ("Avengers Spotlight" #29; February, 1990).
The first individuals to be detained at the Vault were 11 members of the East and West Coast branches of the Avengers, who were suspected of treason ("Avengers Annual" #15). Though they eventually escaped, it was only with outside aid as they found the facility internally impenetrable. They were eventually cleared of all charges.
After those events the prison filled with inmates, as super-human criminals were transferred there from all over the country. It quickly became the site of numerous breakouts and break out attempts. One of the most frequent escapees was the
Spider-Manvillain Venom, who escaped from the institution at least twice (" The Amazing Spider-Man" (Vol. 1) #315 and 331 (May 1989 and April 1990)), in the process killing many people. At another point, during the events of the "Avengers: Deathtrap, the Vault" graphic novel, he led a revolt among the inmates which necessitated the intervention of both the Avengers and Freedom Force. Truman Marsh, the current warden, goes insane over the stress of the breakout. Marsh had set off the Vault's self-destruct and due to several mistakes, it was going to destroy half the state, killing millions. By the time Venom kills Marsh, the warden was fully willing to kill all the innocents in order to destroy the supervillains. Iron Man, Hank Pymand one of the inmates, Thunderball, neutralize the bomb.
A Guardsman named Hugh Taylor was killed by Venom in a later breakout. This led his father,
General Orwell Taylor, to assemble a group of embittered former Guardsmen from the Vault. Calling themselves The Jury, the group then illegally used modified versions of their armour to try hunt down and exact revenge against Venom, beginning with their first appearance in "" #1 (February, 1993). The group was later reformed under the leadership of U.S. Agent.
New Warriors" (Vol. 1) #25 (August, 1992), Vance Astrovik (Marvel Boy) was sentenced to imprisonment in the Vault, after being found guilty of the manslaughter of his father. While he was en route to the facility, a group of his teammates in the New Warriors overwhelmed the Guardsmen, whom Vance has befriended and attempted to aid his escape. Astrovik chose to stay in captivity and serve his time ("New Warriors" (Vol. 1) #26; June, 1993). While incarcerated, he helped foil a riot. Part of Vance's success was his willingness to campaign for better living conditions. For example, Terraformer, a captured member of Force of Nature, simply desires a plant in his cell. Vance manages to give him one off the Warden's desk. This serves to lessen the ire of many of the prisoners (New Warriors" Vol. 1 #36; June, 1993"). Astrovik was released from the prison in New Warriors" Vol. 1 #43 (January, 1994").
On at least one occasion, a criminal was not freed from the Vault itself, but rather while they were en route to the Vault. The mutant terrorist group known as the Resistants attacked a prisoner transport van, killing or incapacitating the Guardsmen operating the van, and freed the mutant criminal known as
Mass breakouts did occur at the institution on at least four occasions. The first occurred as a result of
Iron Manhaving disabled the Guardsmen's armour as a part of the Armor Wars in "Iron Man" Vol. 1 #228 (March, 1988). The resulting jailbreak occurred in " Captain America" (Vol. 1) #340 (April 1988), though the escapees were quickly recaptured. The second large-scale breakout, instigated by Loki, was one of the major contributing factors to the numerous supervillain attacks on various heroes during the " Acts of Vengeance" crossover, with the jailbreak itself occurring in "Avengers Spotlight" #26, "Damage Control" (Vol. 2) #1 (December 1989) and "Quasar" #6 (January 1990). The villains enjoyed more freedom then expected as the warden accidentally calls Damage Control before the Avengers. The facility was restored to functionality by the time of "Avengers Spotlight" #29 (February 1990), after Loki's alliance of criminal masterminds had collapsed and most of the escaped inmates had been recaptured. Another breakout was recounted in a flashback in "Thunderbolts Annual '97" (1997) (it had actually occurred prior to the events of "Thunderbolts" (Vol. 1) #1; April 1997), although only a handful of escapees were named. The fourth and final mass breakout occurred in "Heroes for Hire" (Vol. 1) #1. In that final prison break, the facility was destroyed by the U-Foes.
As a result of the facility's destruction, the US government abandoned the concept of a single penitentiary for super-humans, instead dispersing the detainment of such criminals in a number of normal prisons such as
Seagate Prisonand The Raft (a part of Ryker's Island, located on an adjacent island). Later the idea of a dedicated institution was revived, this time in drastically different fashion with the experimental Lang Memorial Prison also known as the "Ant Hill" or "Big House", where criminals were reduced dramatically in size through the use of Pym Particles; a method of escape was deduced by an android duplicate of the Mad Thinkerin "She-Hulk", and in the aftermath of the chaos that followed the project was abandoned. Another dedicated prison, nicknamed "The Cage", is an isolated island in international waters with a force field nullifying all superhuman powers. However, as this prison has only appeared once (in "Spider-Man's Tangled Web"), and its use of a nullifying force field seem a little impossible, it has not been alluded to since its initial debut and is likely to be considered non-canon. It is unclear whether the Raft or the Big House are still in operation as both have recently suffered major prison breaks ("New Avengers" #1 and " She-Hulk" Vol. 3 #5, respectively). However, Carol Danverslater stated that the Raft was still the location where supervillains were "dropped off" in the limited series Captain Marvel#1.
With the recent "Civil War" Event, a new maximum-security prison for superpowered individuals was created by the government in the very place that no superhuman could escape from unaided — the
Negative Zone. The Prison was nicknamed 'Fantasy Island' by its inmates and 'Prison 42' by its designers, Tony Stark & Reed Richards, as it had been their 42nd idea out of a hundred for 'A Safer America' after the Stamford Disaster. Although it suffered one major breakout from the Secret Avengers, causing the release of all of its unregistered superheroes, Tom Brevoort has stated that 'Project 42' remains a prison for particularly powerful supervillains, while for regulars 'There's still the Raft and Riker's Island.' [ [http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=102414 CIVIL WAR ROOM #7: TALKING TO TOM BREVOORT - NEWSARAMA ] ] It was later revealed in #11 that it had never been intended for anyone other than supervillains, and that the heroes imprisoned there would have been released once the war was over.
* Howard G. Hardman (former warden)issue
* Truman Marsh (former warden)"Marvel Graphic Novel: Avengers: Deathtr
] - he is killed when Venom prevents him from destroying half the state.
* Andrew Lewis (designer of both incarnations of the Vault) ["Fantastic Four: Foes" #1] - Owns Lewis Security Systems, he designed the Rocky Mountains Vault and was used as pawn by the Mad Thinker and Threska. He also built the Negative Zone Vault and blamed Reed Richards for his wife's death
* Armadillo (Antonio Rodriguez) ["Captain America" #340]
* Controller (Basil Sandhurst) - currently a member of the Hood's gang
* Corruptor (Jackson Day)issue - Currently a member of the Hood's gang.
* Crossfire (William Cross)"Spider-Man: Breakout" #1] - Currently a member of the Hood's gang.
* Goliath III
* Gorilla-Man II
* Grey Gargoyle (Paul Pierre Duval)
Mad Thinker["Fantastic Four: Foes" #6]
* Man-Bull (William Taurens)"She-Hulk" vol. 3 #10] - Currently a member of the Death Squad.
* Mandrill (Jerome Beechman)"Thunderbolts '97"]
* Mr. Fear (Alan Fagan)
* Mr Hyde (Dr. Calvin Zabo)"Marvel Graphic Novel: Avengers: Deathtr
* Powderkeg (Frank Skorina)
* Radioactive Man
* Rhino (Aleksei Mikhailovich Sytsevich)
* Scarecrow II
* Speed Demon
** Major Kalum Lo
** Bo’Sun Stug-Bar
* Titania (Mary MacPherran)
* Wrecking Crew
** Thunderball (Eliot Franklin)
** Wrecker III
Negative Zone Vault
Devos the Devastator
Kang the Conqueror
* Puppet Master
Red Ghostand his Super-Apes
In the "Mutant X" the Vault also operates as a prison, it is featured in issue #26. One of its many inmates is the classic vampire Dracula, imprisoned in a technological coffin. Forces attack the Vault, killing many Guardsmen and taking Dracula. For lack of any better options,
Henry Peter Gyrich, a government employee, calls in the "The Six", a superhero team, to fix the situation as best as possible.
* The Vault appeared in the "Iron Man" episode "The Armor Wars, Part One." The story is an adaptation of the Armor Wars storyline. After filling the ventilation with sleeping gas, Iron Man breaks into the Vault to disable the Guardsman armors. He ends up fighting Hawkeye and the Guardsman which ends with Hawkeye being defeated and Iron Man using the Negator Packs on the Guardsman uniforms (though he later learns that they do not actually use his technology). Blizzard, Grey Gargoyle, and Whirlwind were shown as inmates at the Vault.
* The Vault was featured at the end of the "" episode "Strings" where the Puppet Master was incarcerated.
* A prison based on the Vault appeared in the "" game, and was called The Void. It contained mutant supervillains, as opposed to human supervillains. The prisoners were Magneto, Juggernaut, and
Omega Redbut were later freed by Sabretooth.
* In the game "", the Hulk is temporarily imprisoned in the Vault.
* In 1998, Toy Biz released a small line of "Vault"-themed
action figures featuring villains from the Marvel Universe. [ [http://www.tomart.com/html/thevault-figures.html The Vault ] ] The line comprised of figures of Stegron, Typhoid Mary and Ultron. The packaging of each was designed to resemble the interiors of a cell in "the Vault" as they had been presented in the comics. Toy Biz also released a Guardsman figure in their Spider-Mantoy line.
* In the Spider-Man edition of Monopoly, the properties the players must buy are replaced by various super-villains the players must capture, and the hotels are renamed Vaults.
List of correctional facilities in comics
* The Raft
* Negative Zone Prison Alpha
* [http://www.marvel.com/universe/Vault The Vault] at Marvel.com
* [http://www.marveldirectory.com/misc/vault.htm Marvel Directory page on "the Vault"]
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