Enindhilyagwa language


Enindhilyagwa language

Infobox Language
name=Enindhilyagwa
region=Groote Eylandt in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Northern Territory, Australia
speakers=>1,000
familycolor=Australian
family=Language isolate
iso2=aus
iso3=aoi

Enindhilyagwa (several other names; see below) is an Australian language isolate spoken by the Warnindhilyagwa people on Groote Eylandt in the Gulf of Carpentaria in northern Australia. A 2001 Australian government [http://www.deh.gov.au/soe/techpapers/languages/indicator3d.html study] identified more than one thousand speakers of the language, although there are reports of as many as three thousand. In 2008, it was cited in a study on whether humans had an innate ability to count without having words for numbers - which Enindhilyagwa does not have. [No byline, [http://news.yahoo.com/story//afp/20080819/sc_afp/sciencebritainaustraliaaborigineslanguage "Aboriginal children 'can count without numbers'"] , "Agence France Presse"] [The Science Show, [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/scienceshow/stories/2008/2375526.htm Genetic anomaly could explain severe difficulty with arithmetic] , Australian Broadcasting Corporation]

Names

Spellings of the name include:
*Andiljangwa
*Andilyaugwa
*Anindilyakwa (used by Ethnologue)
*Aninhdhilyagwa (used by R. M. W. Dixon's "Australian Languages")
*Enindiljaugwa
*Enindhilyagwa
*WanindilyaugwaIt also known as Groote Eylandt, after its location. Another name is Ingura or Yingguru.

Classification

Although sometimes grouped with the Gunwinyguan languages, Enindhilyagwa has not been shown to be related to other Australian languages, and recent attempts by Nicholas Evans at reducing the number of language families in Australia have left it as an isolate.

Phonology

Vowels

The analysis of Enindhilyagwa's vowels is open to interpretation. Stokes (1981) analyses it as having four phonemic vowels, IPA|/i e a u/. Leeding (1989) analyses it as having just two, IPA|/ɨ a/.

Consonants

Phonotactics

All Enindhilyagwa words end in a vowel. Clusters of up to three consonants can occur within words.

Grammar

Noun classes

Enindhilyagwa has five noun classes, or genders, each marked by a prefix:
*Human male
*Non-human male
*Female (human or non-human)
*Inanimate "lustrous", with the prefix a-.
*Inanimate "non-lustrous", with the prefix mwa-.For bound pronouns, instead of "human male" and "non-human male" classes there is a single "male" class.

All native nouns carry a class prefix, but some loanwords may lack them.

ources

*cite book |last=Leeding |first=V. J. |year=1989 |title=Anindilyakwa phonology and morphology |others=PhD dissertation |publisher=University of Sydney
*cite book |last=Leeding |first=V. J. |year=1996 |chapter=Body parts and possession in Anindilyakwa |editor=Chappell, H. and McGregor, W. |title=The grammar of inalienability: a typological perspective on body part terms and the part-whole relation |pages=193-249 |location=Berlin |publisher=Mounton de Gruyter
*cite book |last=Stokes |first=J. |year=1981 |chapter=Anindilyakwa phonology from phoneme to syllable |editor=Waters, B. |title=Australian phonologies: collected papers |pages=138–81 |location=Darwin |publisher=Summer Institute of Linguistics, Australian Aborigines Branch

References

External links

* [http://www.deh.gov.au/soe/techpapers/languages/index.html State of Indigenous Languages in Australia] (2001). Department of the Environment and Heritage.
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aoi Ethnologue report for language code:aoi]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Korean language — This article is about the spoken Korean language. For details of the native Korean writing system, see Hangul. Korean 한국어, 조선말 Hangugeo, Chosŏnmal …   Wikipedia

  • List of language families — See also: Language family This List of language families includes also language isolates, unclassified languages and other types of languages. Contents 1 Major language families 1.1 By number of native speakers 1.2 By number of languages …   Wikipedia

  • Nivkh language — Nivkh Нивхгу диф [mer nivx tif] [ɳiɣvn duf] (S.E. Sakhalin dialect) Spoken in Russia, Japan[ …   Wikipedia

  • P'urhépecha language — P urhépecha, Tarascan, Phorhé P urhépecha Pronunciation [pʰuˈɽepet͡ʃa] Spoken in Michoacán, Mexico Native speakers …   Wikipedia

  • Mono language (Native American) — Mono Spoken in  United States Region …   Wikipedia

  • Chimariko language — Chimariko Spoken in USA Region California Extinct ca. 1910 Language family Hokan? Chimariko …   Wikipedia

  • Nihali language — This article is about a language isolate spoken in central India, known as Nihali or Nahali. For the unrelated Indo Aryan language named Nahali, see Kalto language. Nihali Spoken in India Region Jalgaon Jamod, on the border of Maharashtra and… …   Wikipedia

  • Cuitlatec language — Cuitlatec Spoken in Mexico Region Guerrero Extinct 1960s, with the death of Juana Can Language family Language isolate …   Wikipedia

  • Shabo language — Shabo Mikeyir Spoken in Ethiopia Region western SNNPR Ethnicity Shabo Native speakers 400–500  (2000) …   Wikipedia

  • Busa language (Papuan) — Not to be confused with Busa language (Mande). Busa Odiai Spoken in Papua New Guinea Region Sandaun Province, Amanab District, north of Upper Sepik River, west of Namia. 3 villages. Yare is north and east, Abau is south and west, Biaka is… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.