image_caption = Old town
image_shield = WĘG Veszprém COA.jpg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = HUN
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Veszprém
Veszprém (German: "Weißbrunn", Croatian: "Vesprim, Besprim" Slovak: "Vesprím", Serbian: "Vesprim" or Весприм), one of the oldest towns in
Hungary, is now a city with county rights and lies approximately convert|15|km|mi|0|abbr=on north of Lake Balaton. It is the capital city of the administrative county (comitatus or 'megye') of the same name.
Veszprém lies on both sides of the creek
Séd, approximately convert|110|km|mi|0|abbr=on from Budapest(via the M7 highway and Road 8). It can also be reached from Győrvia Road 82 and from Székesfehérvárvia Road 8.
According to local legend, Veszprém was founded on seven hills. The seven hills are Várhegy (Castle Hill), Benedek-hegy (St. Benedict Hill), Jeruzsálem-hegy (Jerusalem Hill), Temetőhegy (Cemetery Hill), Gulyadomb (Herd Hill), Kálvária-domb (Calvary Hill), and Cserhát.
Anonymus, the notary of King Béla III wrote that a castle already stood here when the
Hungariansfirst occupied the area. The castle was probably a 9th century Frankish fortress. The castles of Veszprém, Esztergomand Székesfehérvár, were the earliest Hungarian stone castles, which had already been built during the reign of High Prince Géza, a time when motte castles were much more common.
The name of the city originates from the Slavic word "Bezprym", which was originally a personal name.
Ján Kollárderived its name from "Ves Perunova - Perun's village" and mentioned also a German derivation from "Weiss-Brunn - white well". The city was named either after a chieftain, or the son of Princess Judith (elder sister of St. Stephen), who settled here after her husband Boleslaus I of Polandexpelled her and her son.
Veszprém had an important religious role during the fight to make
Christianitythe official religion of Hungary- St. Stephendefeated the armies of his chief opponent, Koppány, near Veszprém. The city became the first episcopal seat of Hungary in 1009 and an archiepiscopal seat in 1993. Comitatus Veszprém was one of the earliest historical counties of Hungary.
Veszprém was the favorite city of Queen Gisela, the wife of St. Stephen. For centuries, the queens of Hungary were crowned by the
bishop of Veszprém. The city is still often called "the city of queens."
Mongol invasion of Hungary, Veszprém was protected by its castle, which was later demolished on order of the Habsburgs in 1706.
Veszprém was among the first Hungarian cities to have a university - students studied law and arts here. The university was destroyed by fire in 1276, after which Veszprém became a university town again in the 20th century.
Ethnic groups (2001 census)
* Germans - 1.7%
* Others - 1%
* No answer - 2.6% (mainly "cosmopolitan" ethnic Magyars)
Religions (2001 census)
Roman Catholic- 57%
* Others - 1.3% (mainly
* No answer - 10% (mainly Atheist)
Veszprém is twinned with:
* [http://www.veszprem.hu Official site]
** [http://www.veszprem.hu/tabid/677/Default.aspx English pages] on official site
* [http://www.uni-pannon.hu/ Pannon University] (formerly University of Veszprém)
* [http://www.civertan.hu/legifoto/legifoto.php?page_level=831 Aerial photography: Veszprém]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Veszprem — Veszprém … Deutsch Wikipedia
Veszprém — Veszprém … Deutsch Wikipedia
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