The Social Construction of Reality


The Social Construction of Reality

"The Social Construction of Reality" is a book about the sociology of knowledge written by Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann and published in 1966.

The work introduced the term "social construction" into the social sciences. The central concept of "The Social Construction of Reality" is that persons and groups interacting together in a social system form, over time, concepts or mental representations of each other's actions, and that these concepts eventually become habituated into reciprocal roles played by the actors in relation to each other. When these roles are made available to other members of society to enter into and play out, the reciprocal interactions are said to be institutionalised. In the process of this institutionalisation, meaning is embedded in society. Knowledge and people's conception (and belief) of what reality is becomes embedded in the institutional fabric of society. Social reality is therefore said to be socially constructed.

See the entries on social construction and social constructionism for further information.

References

* Berger, P. L. and T. Luckmann (1966), "The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge", Garden City, NY: Anchor Books. ISBN 0-385-05898-5
* Charles Arthur Willard "Liberalism and the Social Grounds of Knowledge" Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.


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