List of Sub-Saharan African folk music traditions


List of Sub-Saharan African folk music traditions

This is a list of folk music traditions, with styles, dances, instruments and other related topics. The term "folk music" can not be easily defined in a precise manner; it is used with widely-varying definitions depending on the author, intended audience and context within a work. Similarly, the term "traditions" in this context does not connote any strictly-defined criteria. Music scholars, journalists, audiences, record industry individuals, politicians, nationalists and demagogues may often have occasion to address which fields of folk music are distinct traditions based along racial, geographic, linguistic, religious, tribal or ethnic lines, and all such peoples will likely use different criteria to decide what constitutes a "folk music tradition". This list uses the same general categories used by mainstream, primarily English-language, scholarly sources, as determined by relevant statements of fact and the internal structure of works.

These traditions may coincide entirely, partially or not at all with geographic, political, linguistic or cultural boundaries. Very few, if any, music scholars would claim that there are any folk music traditions that can be considered specific to a distinct group of people and with characteristics undiluted by contact with the music of other peoples; thus, the folk music traditions described herein overlap in varying degrees with each other.

Central Africa

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Aka
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Baka
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bamileke [Nkolo, Jean-Victor and Graeme Ewens, "Music of a Small Continent" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 440 - 447]
Styles = mangambe
Dance =
Instrumentation = tam tam
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bashi [Nettl, "Folk and Traditional Music", pg. 142]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = lulanga
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bassa [Nkolo, Jean-Victor and Graeme Ewens, "Music of a Small Continent" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 440 - 447]
Styles = assiko
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Beti-Pahuin [Nkolo, Jean-Victor and Graeme Ewens, "Music of a Small Continent" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 440 - 447]
Styles = bikutsi
Dance = bikutsi
Instrumentation = njang - rattle
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Efé
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Fang [Dominguez, Manuel, "Malabo Blues" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 477 - 479]
Styles = chorus and drum group
Dance =
Instrumentation = mvet
Other = bebom-mvet

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Mambuti
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Mbuti
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Pygmy [Includes the Aka, Baka, Mbuti and Efé; Turino, pgs. 170 - 171; Abram, Dave, "Sounds from the African Rainforest" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 601 - 607; Karolyi, pg. 24]
Styles = hindewhu - hocket - likanos - liquindi - lullaby - yelli
Dance =
Instrumentation = flute - ieta - limbindi - molimo - ngombi - trumpet - whistle
Peoples =
Geography =
Other = boona - elima - jengi - molimo

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = São Toméan [Lima, Conceução and Caroline Shaw, "Island Music of Central Africa" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 613 - 616]
Styles = danço-congo - dêxa - socopé - ússua - xtléva
Dance = danço-congo - puíta - ússua
Instrumentation = cowbell - flute - rattle
Other = Tchiloli

East Africa

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Acholi [Turino, pgs. 179, 182; Sandahl, Sten, "Exiles and Traditions" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 698 - 701]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = adungu
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Bahutu
See = Rwanda-Burundian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Borana [Paterson, Doug, "The Life and Times of Kenyan Pop" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 509 - 522]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = chamonge guitar
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Baganda
See = Buganda

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Buganda [Turino, pgs. 179, 182; Sandahl, Sten, "Exiles and Traditions" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 698 - 701; Koetting, James T., "Africa/Ghana" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 67 - 105; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = akadinda - entenga - okunaga - okwawula
Dance = baksimba
Instrumentation = akadinda - engelabi - ennanga - entenga - trumpet
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Burundian
See = Rwandan-Burundian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Dinka [Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 672 - 680]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ethiopia [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 103; Falceto, Francis, "Land of Wax and Gold" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 480 - 487]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = Begena - Kebero - Krar - Masenqo - Washint
Other = Azmari - Tej bet

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Ganda
See = Buganda

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Gusii [Paterson, Doug, "The Life and Times of Kenyan Pop" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 509 - 522]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = ground bow - obokano
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Hutu
See = Rwandan-Burundian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Lango [Turino, pgs. 179, 182; Sandahl, Sten, "Exiles and Traditions" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 698 - 701]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = okeme
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Luhya [Paterson, Doug, "The Life and Times of Kenyan Pop" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 509 - 522]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = sukuti
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Luo [Paterson, Doug, "The Life and Times of Kenyan Pop" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 509 - 522]
Styles = benga
Dance =
Instrumentation = nyatiti
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Maasai [Paterson, Doug, "The Life and Times of Kenyan Pop" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 509 - 522]
Styles = polyphonic song
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other = eunoto

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Mascarene Islands [includes the music of Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues; Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 112; Ewens, Graeme and Werner Graebner, "A Lightness of Touch" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 505 - 508]
Styles = maloya music - sega
Dance = sega
Instrumentation = kayamb - maravanne - ravanne - tambour
Other = maloya (ritual)

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Mauritian
See = Mascarene Islands

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Réunionnais
See = Mascarene Islands

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Rodrigues
See = Mascarene Islands

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Nuba [Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 672 - 680]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = rababa
Other = Kambala

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Rwandan and Burundian [Jacquemin, Jean-Pierre, Jadot Sezirahigha and Richard Trillo, "Echoes from the Hills" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 608 - 612]
Styles =
Dance = ikinimba-umushayayo - umuhamirizo - imparamba - inkaranka - igishakamba - ikinyemera
Instrumentation = ikembe - inanga - ingoma - iningiri - umuduri -ikondera - ihembe - urutaro
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Seychellois [Ewens, Graeme and Werner Graebner, "A Lightness of Touch" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 505 - 508]
Styles =
Dance = contonbley - contredanse - mazurka - polka
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Soga [Turino, pg. 183]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = panpipe
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Swahili [Graebner, Werner, "Mtindo - Dance with Style" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 681 - 689]
Styles = gungu - kinanda - ngoma - wedding music
Dance = chakacha - kumbwaya - vugo
Instrumentation = dumbak - kibangala - oud - qanun - rika - tabla - taishokoto
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Tutsi
See = Rwandan-Burundian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Twa
See = Pygmy

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Watusi
See = Rwanda-Burundian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Zande [Verney, Peter with Helen Jerome and Moawia Yassin, "Yearning to Dance" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 672 - 680]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Zaramo [Graebner, Werner, "Mtindo - Dance with Style" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 681 - 689]
Styles = ngoma
Dance = msondo - ngoma
Instrumentation = msondo
Other =

Southern Africa

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Afrikaans [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657]
Styles = orkes
Dance =
Instrumentation = accordion - concertina
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Basarwa
See = Bushmen

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bemba [Ronnie Graham with Simon Kandela Tunkanya, "Evolution and Expression" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 702 - 705]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = babatone - kalela
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bushmen [Karolyi, pg. 24]
Styles = hocket
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Cewa
See = Chewa

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Chewa [Lwanda, John, and Ronnie Graham with Simon Kandela Tunkanya, "Sounds Afroma!" and "Evolution and Expression" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538, and pgs. 702 - 705]
Styles =
Dance = gule wa mkulu - nyau
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Chopi [Paco, Celso, "A Luta Continua" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 579 - 584; Karolyi, pg. 32; Koetting, James T., "Africa/Ghana" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 67 - 105]
Styles = timbala
Dance =
Instrumentation = kalimba - mbila - timbila - valimba - xigovia - xipala-pala - xipendane - xitende - xizambe
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Comorian [Ewens, Graeme and Werner Graebner, "A Lightness of Touch" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 505 - 508]
Styles = ngoma
Dance =
Instrumentation = gabusi - msondo - ndzendze
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Henga [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = vimbuza
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Kaonde [Ronnie Graham with Simon Kandela Tunkanya, "Evolution and Expression" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 702 - 705]
Styles =
Dance = kachacha
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Khoe
See = Bushmen

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Khwe
See = Bushmen

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = !Kung
See = Bushmen

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Lemba [Karolyi, pg. 45]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = mbira
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Lomwe [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = tchopa
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Luvale [Ronnie Graham with Simon Kandela Tunkanya, "Evolution and Expression" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 702 - 705]
Styles =
Dance = manchancha
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Malagasy [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pgs. 111 - 112; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = sega - vakodrazana
Dance = basese - salegy - sega - sigaoma - tsapika - watsa watsa
Instrumentation = jejy voatavo - kabosy - lokanga - marovany - sodina - valiha
Other = famadihana

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ndbele [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657 ]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = guitar
Other = bira

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ngoni [Lwanda, John, and Ronnie Graham with Simon Kandela Tunkanya, "Sounds Afroma!" and "Evolution and Expression" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538, and pgs. 702 - 705]
Styles =
Dance = ingoma
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Nyanja [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = chitsukulumwe - gule wa mkulu - likhuba
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Pedi [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657]
Styles = harepa
Dance =
Instrumentation = harepa
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = San
See = Bushmen

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Shangaan [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = guitar
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Shona [Turino, pgs. 105, 162, 182 - 183; Kendall, Judy and Banning Eyre, "Jit, Mbira and Chimurenga" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 706 - 716]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = hosho - karimba - matepe - mbira - ngoma - njari - panpipe
Other = bira - kushaura-kutsinhira

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Sotho [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657]
Styles = mohabelo
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Tonga [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = mganda
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Tsonga
See = Shangaan

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Tumbuka [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = vimbuza
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Venda [Turino, pg. 183; Karolyi, pg. 37]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = ngoma - panpipe
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Xhosa [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 107]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = uhadi
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Yao [Lwanda, John, "Sounds Afroma!" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 533 - 538]
Styles =
Dance = beni - likwata
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Yombe [Turino, pg. 183]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = panpipe
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Zulu [Allingham, Rob, "The Nation of Voice" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 638 - 657]
Styles = izihlabo - maskanda
Dance =
Instrumentation = guitar
Other = ukubonga

West Africa

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Abaluhya [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 101]
Styles = litungo
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Adja [Bensignor, Fran&ccedi;ois with Eric Audra, "Afro-Funksters" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 432 - 436]
Styles = tchinkoumé
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Akan [includes the Ashanti, Fanti and Nzema; Manuel, "Popular Musics", pgs. 90, 92, 182; Collins, John, "Gold Coast: Highlife and Roots" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 488 - 498; Koetting, James T., "Africa/Ghana" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 67 - 105]
Styles = adaha - agbadza - akwete - ashiko - asonko - gombe - konkomba - mainline - osibisaba - sikyi
Dance = adowa - osibisaba - sikyi
Instrumentation = atumpan - seprewa
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Appollo [Bensignor, François and Brooke Wentz, "Heart of the African Music Industry" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 472 - 476]
Styles =
Dance = abissa - fanfare - grolo - sidder
Instrumentation = edengole
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Balanta [de Klein, Guus, "The Backyard Beats of Gumbe" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 499 - 504]
Styles = brosca - kussundé
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Asante
See = Ashanti

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ashanti [Koetting, James T., "Africa/Ghana" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 67 - 105]
Styles = adowa - kete
Dance =
Instrumentation = aburukawa - apentemma - dawuro - torowa
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Bamana
See = Mande

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Baoulé [Bensignor, François and Brooke Wentz, "Heart of the African Music Industry" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 472 - 476]
Styles = gbébé - polyphony
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Beriberi [Bensignor, François, "Sounds of the Sahel" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 585 - 587]
Styles = polyphonic song
Dance = gerewol
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Bijagos [de Klein, Guus, "The Backyard Beats of Gumbe" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 499 - 504]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Cape Verdean [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 96; Máximo, Susana and David Peterson, "Music of Sweet Sorrow" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 448 - 457]
Styles = batuque - coladera - funaná - morna - tabanca
Dance = batuque - coladera - funaná - morna - tabanca
Instrumentation = gaita - cavaquinho - cimboa - ferrinho - rabeca - violão - viola
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Dagomba [Turino, pg. 182; Collins, John, "Gold Coast: Highlife and Roots" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 488 - 498]
Styles =
Dance = takai - damba - tora - jera - simpa - bamaya - geena
Instrumentation = lunga/talking drum - gungon - flute - gonje fiddle - bell
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Dan [Bensignor, François and Brooke Wentz, "Heart of the African Music Industry" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 472 - 476]
Styles =
Dance = mask dance
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Ewe [Turino, pg. 178; Collins, John, "Gold Coast: Highlife and Roots" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 488 - 498]
Styles = takada
Dance = agbadza - Gadzo
Instrumentation = atsimevu - axatse - gankogui - gboba - kaganu - kidi - simevu - sogo
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Fula [Hudson, Mark with Jenny Cathcart and Lucy Duran, "Senegambian Stars Are Here to Stay" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 617 - 633; Karolyi, pg. 42]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = fiddle - flute
Other = gawlo

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Fulani
See = Fula

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Goun [Bensignor, Fran&ccedi;ois with Eric Audra, "Afro-Funksters" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 432 - 436]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = kakagbo - hongan
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Hausa [Turino, pg. 184; Bensignor, François and Ronnie Graham, "Sounds of the Sahel" and "From Hausa Music to Highlife" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 585 - 587 and pgs. 588 - 600]
Styles = praise song - rokon fada
Dance = asauwara - bori
Instrumentation = aglhaïta - duma - ganga - goge - kakati - kalangu - kontigi - kukkuma - molo
Other = bòòríí

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Igbo [Ronnie Graham, "From Hausa Music to Highlife" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 588 - 600]
Styles = egwu ota
Dance =
Instrumentation = obo - ufie - ogene
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Kasena [Koetting, James T., "Africa/Ghana" in "Worlds of Music", pgs. 67 - 105]
Styles = hocket - jongo - len yoro
Dance = jongo - nagila - pe zara - war dance
Instrumentation = gullu - gungonga - korbala - kornia - sinyegule - wua - yong wui
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Lobi [Bensignor, François and Brooke Wentz, "Heart of the African Music Industry" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 472 - 476]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation = xylophone
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Luo [Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 101]
Styles = nyatiti
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Mande [Includes the Mandinka, Maninka and Bamana; Turino, pgs. 172 - 173; Bensignor, Fran&ccedi;ois, Guus de Klein, and Lucy Duran, "Hidden Treasure", "The Backyard Beats of Gumbe" and "West Africa's Musical Powerhouse" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 437 - 439, pgs. 499 - 504 and pgs. 539 - 562; Manuel, "Popular Musics", pg. 95; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles = donkilo - jaliya - kumbengo - praise singing - sataro - Wassoulou hunters' song
Dance = bansango - didadi - dimba - sogominkum
Instrumentation = balo - balafon - bolon - djembe - doundoun - fle - kamalengoni - karinyan - kontingo - kora - ngoni - soku - tama - tamani
Other = jali - jatigui - nyamakala

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Mandinka
See = Mande

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Maninka
See = Mande

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Mauritanian [Includes Sahrawi music; Muddyman, David and Richard Trillo, "The Ways of the Moors" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 563 - 566]
Styles = al-bayda - epic - fagu - l'-gnaydiya - al-kahla - karrdn - labyad - lakhal - lebtayt - praise song
Dance =
Instrumentation = ardin - daghumma - tbal - tidinit
Other = iggawin

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Mossi [Bensignor, Fran&ccedi;ois, "Hidden Treasure" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 437 - 439]
Styles = djambadon - griot
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other = Larle Naaba

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Pulaar
See = Fula

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Sahrawi
See = Mauritanian

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Senoufo [Bensignor, François and Brooke Wentz, "Heart of the African Music Industry" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 472 - 476]
Styles = funereal music - poro
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Serer [Hudson, Mark with Jenny Cathcart and Lucy Duran, "Senegambian Stars Are Here to Stay" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 617 - 633]
Styles = polyphonic song
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Toucouleur [Hudson, Mark with Jenny Cathcart and Lucy Duran, "Senegambian Stars Are Here to Stay" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 617 - 633]
Styles =
Dance =
Instrumentation =
Other =

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountrysee
Tradition = Tukulor
See = Toucouleur

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Wolof [Turino, pg. 183; Hudson, Mark with Jenny Cathcart and Lucy Duran, "Senegambian Stars Are Here to Stay" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 617 - 633; [http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary World Music Central] ]
Styles =
Dance = farwoudiar
Instrumentation = halam
Other = gewel

User:TUF-KAT/folkcountry
Tradition = Yoruba [Turino, pgs. 181 - 182; Bensignor, Fran&ccedi;ois with Eric Audra, and Ronnie Graham, "Afro-Funksters" and "From Hausa Music to Highlife" in the "Rough Guide to World Music", pgs. 432 - 436 and pgs. 588 - 600; Karolyi, pg. 43]
Styles = dundun
Dance = gelede
Instrumentation = bata - dundun - gangan - gudugudu - igbin - iyalu - kakakai - sekere
Other = spraying

References

*cite book
author = Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham (eds.)
edition = First edition
id = ISBN 1-85828-636-0
location = London
publisher = Rough Guides
title = Rough Guide to World Music
year = 2000

* cite book
author = Karolyi, Otto
id = ISBN 0140231072
publisher = Penguin Books
title = Traditional African & Oriental Music
year = 1998

*cite book
author = Manuel, Peter
id = 0195053427
location = New York
publisher = Oxford University Press
title = Popular Musics of the Non-Western World
year = 1988

*cite book
author = Philip V. Bohlman
coauthors = Bruno Nettl, Charles Capwell, Thomas Turino and Isabel K. F. Wong
edition = Second edition
id = ISBN 0-13-230632-8
publisher = Prentice Hall
title = Excursions in World Music
year = 1997

*cite book
author = Nettl, Bruno
location = Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey
publisher = Prentice Hall
title = Folk and Traditional Music of the Western Continents
year = 1965

*cite book
author = Fujie, Linda, James T. Koetting, David P. McAllester, David B. Reck, John M. Schechter, Mark Slobin and R. Anderson Sutton
edition = Second Edition
editor = Jeff Todd Titan (Ed.)
id = ISBN 0-02-872602-2
location = New York
publisher = Schirmer Books
title = Worlds of Music: An Introduction to the Music of the World's Peoples
year = 1992

*cite web
accessdate= April 3
accessyear= 2006
title = International Dance Glossary
url = http://www.worldmusiccentral.org/staticpages/index.php/glossary
work = World Music Central

Notes


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