- Battle of Salamis in Cyprus (450 BC)
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Salamis in Cyprus (450 BC)
territory=Persians control all of Cyprus until Delian League soldiers return home.
strength2=About 600 ships
The Battle of Salamis took place around
450 BCnear Salamis in Cyprus.
454 BCthe Athenian-led Delian Leaguelost a fleet in an unsuccessful attempt to aid an Egyptian revolt against Persia. Over the next three years, Athens also failed to capture Pharsalus in Thessaly, as well as Sicyonand Oeniadae, all of which were allies of the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League. In 451 BCAthens concluded a five-year truce with Sparta.
After the truce,
Cimonfound the opportunity to continue the war against the Persians. He sailed to Cyprus with two hundred triremes of the confederacy. From there, he sent sixty ships to Egypt to help the Prince Amyrtaeos, who was fighting the Persians at the Nile Delta. With the remaining ships, Cimon aided the uprising of the Cypriot Greek city-states against their hegemon and laid siege to the Persian stronghold of Citiumon the south west coast of Cyprus. During the siege Cimon died and the command of the fleet was given to Anaxicrates, whom subsequently retreated from Citium to engage the Phoenician and Cilician fleet at Salamis of Cyprus. The Greek fleet gained a complete victory on sea and land and rejoining with the sixty ships in Egypt, sailed to Athens.There is a phrase in Greek commemorating this win (=The Athenian general even dead wins)
The Athenians did not take advantage of their victory; instead, they simply returned home, where they found that Sparta had taken over the temple at
Delphi, and that the Boeotiawere beginning to revolt against Athenian rule. This revolt led to the Battle of Coronea in 447 BC.
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