List of political parties in Spain


List of political parties in Spain

Political parties in Spain lists political parties in Spain.

Spain has a system similar to a two-party system, which means that there are two dominant political parties, with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. Regional parties can be strong in the autonomous communities like Catalonia and the Basque Country and are essential for government coalitions, which makes the party system a multi-party system.

The parties

Registered parties

For a complete listing of all parties registered at the Ministry of Interior, see List of registered political parties in Spain.

Major parties

The two major parties of Spain are:

* Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español), includes:
** Socialists' Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya) in Catalonia
** Socialist Party of the Basque Country (Partido Socialista de Euskadi) in the Basque Country
*** (Former Party) Euskadiko Ezkerra also in the Basque Country.
**Socialists' Party of Galicia (Partido dos Socialistas de Galicia) in Galicia.
**Socialist Party of the Valencian Country (Partit Socialista del País Valencià) in Valencia.
**Socialists' Party of the Balearic Islands (Partit dels Socialistes de les Illes Balears) in the Balearic Islands.

* People's Party (Partido Popular), formerly People's Coalition (Coalición Popular), a coalition of People's Alliance (Alianza Popular), Democratic People's Party (Partido Demócrata Popular) and Liberal Party (Partido Liberal). Includes:
**Navarrese People's Union (Unión del Pueblo Navarro) in Navarre

Other parties with current representation in the parliament or in the European Parliament:

* United Left (Izquierda Unida), a coalition of parties around Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España), includes:
** Ezker Batua in the Basque Country.
** Initiative for Catalonia Greens (Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds), in coalition with Esquerra Unida i Alternativa in Catalonia.
* Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió), coalition of:
**Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya)
**Democratic Union of Catalonia (Unió Democràtica de Catalunya)
* Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco), "Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea" in Basque.
* Galician Nationalist Bloc (Bloque Nacionalista Galego)
* Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya)
* Nafarroa Bai ("Navarre Yes")
* Canarian Coalition (Coalición Canaria)
* Union, Progress and Democracy (Unión Progreso y Democracia)

Parties only in regional parliaments

Parties with current representation in any of the regional parliaments:
* Aragonese Party (Partido Aragonés)
* Aragonese Council (Chunta Aragonesista)
* Basque Socialdemocracy Eusko Alkartasuna ("Basque Solidarity" in English)
* Cantabrian Regionalist Party (Partido Regionalista de Cantabria)
* Majorca Socialist Party (Partit Socialista de Mallorca)
* Majorcan Union (Unió Mallorquina)
* Citizens - Citizenship Party (Ciutadans - Partit de la Ciutadania)
* Valencian Nationalist Bloc (Bloc Nacionalista Valencia)
* Communist Party of the Basque Homelands (Partido Comunista de las Tierras Vascas)
* Coalition for Melilla (Coalición por Melilla)
* Democratic Ceutan Union (Unión Demócrata Ceutí)
* Majorcan Socialist Party-Nacionalist Union (Partit Socialista de Mallorca-Entesa Nacionalista)
* Democratic Convergence of Navarre (Convergencia de Demócratas de Navarra
* Riojan Party (Partido Riojano)
* Union of the leonese people (Unión del Pueblo Leonés)
* Aralar
* Independient Popular Council of Formentera (Agrupació Independent Popular de Formentera)

Coalitions

* Europe of the Peoples (Europa de los Pueblos), coalition at the European elections of centre-left, regional parties: ERC, Eusko Alkartasuna, CHA, PSA and CNC.
* Nafarroa Bai, coalition of Eusko Alkartasuna, Aralar, Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) and Batzarre, only for the constituency of Navarre.
* GalEusCa - Pueblos de Europa, coalition at the European elections.
* Bloc per Mallorca, coalition at the regional and local elections of United Left, Majorca Socialist Party, Greens and Catalonia Republican Left for the island of Majorca.
* Eivissa pel Canvi, coalition similar to the Bloc per Mallorca but for the island of Ibiza.
* European Coalition (Coalición Europea), coalition for European elections of centre-right, regional parties such as CC, PAR, PA, UV, CDN and UM

Minor parties

Parties currently without representation in the parliament:
* [http://www.accionporlajusticia.com/ Accion Por La Justicia AXJ]
* Alianza para el Desarrollo y la Naturaleza
* Alianza por la Unidad Nacional
* Aragonese Party (Partido Aragonés)
* Andecha Astur
* Batzarre
* Bloque por Asturies
* Candidatura d'Unitat Popular
* Coalición Asturiana
* Ciudadanos Agobiados y Cabreados
* Ciudadanos En Blanco
* Coalición Europea
* Coalición Liberal - European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party
* Coalición Galega
* Comunión Tradicionalista
* Conceju Nacionaliegu Cántabru
* Democracia Nacional
* España 2000
* Estat Català
* Falange Auténtica
* Falange Española de las JONS
* Frente Popular Galega
* Herritarren Zerrenda (legal in France, but not in Spain due to links with Batasuna / Herri Batasuna)
* Republican Left (Izquierda Republicana)
* Iniciativa Socialista de Izquierdas.
* Izquierda Asturiana
* Izquierda Castellana
* La Falange
* Los Parados
* Los Verdes
* Los Verdes de la Comunidad de Madrid
* Los Verdes Ecopacifistas
* Lucha Internacionalista
* Movimiento Social Republicano
* Nós-Unidade Popular(Us-People Unity)
* Nueva Izquierda Verde
* Otra Democracia Es Posible
* Partido Andalucista
* Partido Antitaurino Contra el Maltrato Animal (PACMA)
* Partido Carlista, see Carlism
* Partido Cannabis
* Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España (PCPE)
* Partido de Acción Socialista (PASOC)
* Partido de los Autónomos Jubilados y Viudas
* Partido del Karma Democrático
* Partido Demócrata Español
* Partido Familia y Vida
* Partido Humanista
* Partido Galeguista
* Partido Mutuo Apoyo Romántico
* Partido Obrero Socialista Internacionalista
* Partíu Asturianista
* Por un Mundo más Justo
* Por una Europa de los Trabajadores y los Pueblos - No a la Constitucion Europea - coalition of PCPE and LI-LIT.CI
* Salamanca, Zamora, León Prepal
* Tierra Comunera - partido nacionalista Castellano, Castilian nationalist party
* Unidad Cántabra
* Unidad Regionalista Asturiana
* Unidad Regionalista de Castilla y León
* Unión Centrista Liberal
* Unió Valenciana
* Unificación Comunista de España
* Zornotza Eginez (local)
* Zutik

Illegalized parties

* Euskal Herritarrok, also known as Batasuna (also allegedly related to Herritarren Zerrenda) formerly Herri Batasuna, has been made illegal by the Spanish Supreme Court of Justice (Tribunal Supremo), which regards it as part of the terrorist organisation, ETA. Batasuna is in the list of terrorist organisations of US and EU. It's legal in France.
* Herri Batasuna/Batasuna(the political branch of ETA) (* Note: Batasuna is legal in France)

Defunct major parties

* Unión de Centro Democrático, refounded as Centro Democrático y Social (also defunct)(merged into Partido Popular)
* Alianza Popular, refounded as Partido Popular
* Partido Demócrata Popular, absorbed into Coalición Popular (Partido Popular)
* Partido Liberal, absorbed into Coalición Popular (Partido Popular)
* Euskadiko Ezkerra, absorbed into Partido Socialista de Euskadi
* Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas the leading right-wing party of the Second Spanish Republic
* Partido Reformista Democrático
* Partido Socialista Popular
* Radical Republican Party

ee also

* Index of political parties to browse parties by name
* List of political parties to browse parties by country
* List of political parties by ideology to browse parties by name
* Membership of internationals to browse parties by membership of internationals
* List of political parties in Catalonia
*Liberalism and radicalism in Spain


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