company_name = Havas Group
company_type = Public (euronext|HAV)
company_slogan = World Leader in Communications and media expertise
France( 1968) (as Havas Conseil)
Vincent Bolloré, Chairman
Jacques Séguéla, Vice Chairman
Fernando Rodés VilàCEO
num_employees = 14,898
revenue = profit€1.46 Billion
net_income = profit€59 million
industry = Business Services|
homepage = [http://www.havas.com/ havas.com]
Havas (euronext|HAV) is the second largest advertising group in France and is a "Global advertising and communications services group" and the sixth-largest global advertising and communications group worldwide, operating on the communications consulting market through three main operational divisions:
Euro RSCG Worldwide, Havas Mediaand Arnold Worldwide
The company which today bears the name Havas is itself a former subsidiary of the original Havas which acquired the rights to the name in 2002. It is a holding company headquartered in the outskirts of Paris and listed in the
Havas was the first French
news agency, created in 1835. The Agence France-Presse(AFP) news agency comes from it. Havas was acquired by Vivendiin 1998, and renamed Vivendi Universal Publishing. VUP in turn merged with Lagardereto become Editis in 2004.
French corporate raider
Vincent Bolloré, through his holding company the BolloréGroup, is the main shareholder, controlling 26.41% of the share capital as at July 20, 2006. Bolloré is also the Chairman of the Havas board ("Président du conseil d'administration").
History and evolution of the Havas name
Havas is the family name of
Charles-Louis Havas. He created the first French press agencyin 1835.
* 1879 : The Havas news agency incorporated as a "Société Anonyme" (
* 1920 : Havas merges with the Société Générale d'Annonces and becomes the leading press manager (later extended to radio and cinema domains).
* 1923 : started billboarding.
* 1945 : The Havas news agency is nationalised after the fall of the Vichy government. Starts up in the travel business. (later extended to free newspapers, professional and other publications)
* 1968 : Creates Havas Conseil S.A. to become advertising and media consultants
* 1975 : Havas Conseil S.A. changes its name to Eurocom
* 1987 : The Havas news agency is privatised and becomes Havas S.A.
* 1996 : Eurocom S.A. changes its name to Havas Advertising S.A.
* 1997 : Havas SA absorbs C.E.P. Communication
* 1999 :
Vivenditakes over Havas (100%)
* 2000 : Havas renamed Vivendi Universal Publishing, and sells off Havas Advertising
* 2002 : Havas Advertising buys out the name Havas
Havas Conseil S.A.
By 1968, Havas had become a diversified group which had, "inter alia", communications and advertising interests. These interests were incorporated into a "
société anonyme", Havas Conseil S.A., which expanded its business rapidly.
In 1975, Havas Conseil became Eurocom, holding company of a Group of subsidiaries specializing in various communications activities.
Since the 1970s, the Group has grown significantly in
Franceand internationally, both in the communications and media buying sectors, by broadening the scope of services that it offers and expanding into new communications techniques and technologies.
Eurocomacquires the French advertising group RSCG, leading to the creation of the Euro RSCG Worldwideadvertising network. RSCG had been the lead advertising agency for Peugeot.
Havas Advertising S.A.
*1996 Eurocom changes its name to Havas Advertising and creates four operating divisions, Euro RSCG, Campus, Diversified Agencies, and Médiapolis. The largest division is Euro RSCG, whose headquarters are moved to
New Yorkin 1997.
*1998 Compagnie Générale des Eaux, which changed its name to "
Vivendi", acquires control of Havas and its subsidiary Havas Advertising. Vivendi is to later consider its advertising and communications interests no longer strategic.
*1998-2001. Following the wave of consolidation within the advertising/communications sector, Havas Advertising adopts an aggressive acquisition strategy in order not to become a takeover target following its independence from Havas. In order to become a bigger and more global player, it acquired MPG and Snyder, as well as around one hundred specialized agencies in America,
Europeand the Asia Pacificregion. This strategy has been criticised by Maurice Levy as "reckless" [cite news | url = http://www.boursorama.com/infos/actualites/detail_actu_societes.phtml?&symbole=1rPHAV&news=2900303| title = Havas: Maurice Levy (Publicis) souligne les erreurs |date = 24 August, 2005 | publisher = Cercle Finance fr icon] ."
*1999 Creation of "Media Planning Group" by combining the media planning and buying activities of Media Planning, S.A., a Spanish company controlled by Léopoldo Rodés Castañes and his family, with Médiapolis, the Company’s then existing media planning business. Havas initially acquired 45% of MPG, which was increased to 100% in May 2001. With MPG, Havas offers a wide range of media services in major markets worldwide.
Acquisition of Snyder Communications Inc.
*On April 4, 2000, at the height of the
M&Afrenzy, Havas Advertising agreed [cite news | url = http://www.secinfo.com/dSAKe.51Sq.htm| title = Havas Filing 425 (Snyder Communications Inc |date = 18, July, 2000 | publisher = US Securities & Exchanges Commission ] to acquire Snyder Communications, Inc. (SNC) in an all-share transaction, where SNC was valued at US$2.1 billion. Just prior to the takeover, the market capitalisation of SNC was just US$1.3 billion.
SNC was a listed communications group controlled by
Daniel Snyder, and their activities were mainly outsourced marketing services, such as Direct marketing, database marketing, proprietary product sampling, sponsored information display in prime locations, call centres, field sales.
*SNC's three divisions: Bounty SCA Worldwide, Arnold Communications and Brann Worldwide were respectively merged with Euro RSCG, Campus, and Diversified Agencies [cite news | url = http://www.allbusiness.com/marketing-advertising/advertising/601822-1.html| title = CEO Calls Havas/Snyder Merger an Ideal Fit |date = May, 2000 | publisher = Direct Marketing Magazine ] . Arnold Communications becomes Havas' second network, Arnold Worldwide Partners.
*as part of the SNC deal, Havas Advertising lists
American Depositary Shares (ADSs) on the NASDAQNational Market System.
*The deal was completed on September 25.
*The stake belonging to
Vivendiis diluted to 40% following the acquisition.
*2002. Following the decision of Havas to rename itself Vivendi Universal Publishing and to divest itself of its remaining stake in the Havas Advertising, the name was acquired by the latter. "Havas Advertising" became "Havas" by decision of the annual shareholders meeting held on May 23, 2002.
*2003. Strategic restructuring and reorganization of the Group around three core divisions announced September : Agencies from the Diversified Agencies division are sold or absorbed into the remaining divisions, Euro RSCG Worldwide (integrated communications); MPG (Media planning and buying) and Arnold Worldwide Partners (advertising).
*2004. Havas completes its strategic reorganization. In July,
BolloréGroup starts to build a stake in Havas. In October, the Company completes a €404 million capital increase which enabled it to reduce its overall debt levels.
BolloréGroup, with a 22% stake, obtains 4 seats on the Havas Board at the Shareholders meeting, and seizes control of the Company. Chairman and CEO Alain de Pouzilhac was deposed in a boardroom coupon 21 June 2005. Vincent Bollorésucceeded as Chairman. Other board and management level changes followed [Eric Pfanner, [http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/07/13/business/web.havas.php Havas picks Bolloré as chairman] , International Herald Tribune, July 13, 2005] .
*2006. Havas names Fernando Rodés Vilà, son of the founder of Media Planning S.A. Leopoldo Rodés Castañes, as its new CEO in March.Havas remains listed on
Euronext, but announces its plans to delist from the NASDAQstock exchange as of July 28, 2006 [cite news | url = http://www.boursorama.com/infos/actualites/detail_actu_societes.phtml?&symbole=1rPHAV&news=3510970| title = Havas: se retire du Nasdaq américain |date = 21 June, 2006 | publisher = Cercle Finance fr icon] .
Havas’ business consists of providing communication consulting services, through traditional advertising in media, a multitude of various marketing services and media expertise.
Traditional advertising services consist of defining the nature, content and illustrating the advertising message for dissemination through traditional media: television, radio and print and display advertising for the promotion of products or
Other marketing services would include marketing strategies designed to acquire customers or clients through specific or specialised audience targeting. These would include
direct marketing, sales promotion, corporate communications, HealthcareCommunications, internal communications, Television sponsorship, Design, human resourcescommunications, New media & interactive communications, media planning and media buying.
*By agreeing to sell SNC,
Daniel Snyderavailed himself of the means to set another record: acquiring the Washington Redskinsfootball team and their stadium for $800 million in May 1999, in the most expensive transaction in U.S. sporting history.
* [http://www.havas.com/ Havas Official Website]
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