company_name = Havas Group
company_type = Public (euronext|HAV)
company_slogan = World Leader in Communications and media expertise
foundation = France (1968) (as Havas Conseil)
location = Suresnes, France
key_people = Vincent Bolloré, Chairman
Jacques Séguéla, Vice Chairman
Fernando Rodés Vilà CEO
num_employees = 14,898
revenue = profit€1.46 Billion Eur (2005)
net_income = profit€59 million Eur (2005)
industry = Business Services|

products = Advertising & Marketing
homepage = [http://www.havas.com/ havas.com]

Havas (euronext|HAV) is the second largest advertising group in France and is a "Global advertising and communications services group" and the sixth-largest global advertising and communications group worldwide, operating on the communications consulting market through three main operational divisions: Euro RSCG Worldwide, Havas Media and Arnold Worldwide


The company which today bears the name Havas is itself a former subsidiary of the original Havas which acquired the rights to the name in 2002. It is a holding company headquartered in the outskirts of Paris and listed in the Euronext main market.

Havas was the first French news agency, created in 1835. The Agence France-Presse (AFP) news agency comes from it. Havas was acquired by Vivendi in 1998, and renamed Vivendi Universal Publishing. VUP in turn merged with Lagardere to become Editis in 2004.

French corporate raider Vincent Bolloré, through his holding company the Bolloré Group, is the main shareholder, controlling 26.41% of the share capital as at July 20, 2006. Bolloré is also the Chairman of the Havas board ("Président du conseil d'administration").


History and evolution of the Havas name

Havas is the family name of Charles-Louis Havas. He created the first French press agency in 1835.

* 1879 : The Havas news agency incorporated as a "Société Anonyme" (plc).
* 1920 : Havas merges with the Société Générale d'Annonces and becomes the leading press manager (later extended to radio and cinema domains).
* 1923 : started billboarding.
* 1945 : The Havas news agency is nationalised after the fall of the Vichy government. Starts up in the travel business. (later extended to free newspapers, professional and other publications)
* 1968 : Creates Havas Conseil S.A. to become advertising and media consultants
* 1975 : Havas Conseil S.A. changes its name to Eurocom
* 1987 : The Havas news agency is privatised and becomes Havas S.A.
* 1996 : Eurocom S.A. changes its name to Havas Advertising S.A.
* 1997 : Havas SA absorbs C.E.P. Communication
* 1999 : Vivendi takes over Havas (100%)
* 2000 : Havas renamed Vivendi Universal Publishing, and sells off Havas Advertising
* 2002 : Havas Advertising buys out the name Havas

Havas Conseil S.A.

By 1968, Havas had become a diversified group which had, "inter alia", communications and advertising interests. These interests were incorporated into a "société anonyme", Havas Conseil S.A., which expanded its business rapidly.

In 1975, Havas Conseil became Eurocom, holding company of a Group of subsidiaries specializing in various communications activities.

Since the 1970s, the Group has grown significantly in France and internationally, both in the communications and media buying sectors, by broadening the scope of services that it offers and expanding into new communications techniques and technologies.

*1991. Eurocom acquires the French advertising group RSCG, leading to the creation of the Euro RSCG Worldwide advertising network. RSCG had been the lead advertising agency for Peugeot .

Havas Advertising S.A.

*1996 Eurocom changes its name to Havas Advertising and creates four operating divisions, Euro RSCG, Campus, Diversified Agencies, and Médiapolis. The largest division is Euro RSCG, whose headquarters are moved to New York in 1997.

*1998 Compagnie Générale des Eaux, which changed its name to "Vivendi", acquires control of Havas and its subsidiary Havas Advertising. Vivendi is to later consider its advertising and communications interests no longer strategic.

*1998-2001. Following the wave of consolidation within the advertising/communications sector, Havas Advertising adopts an aggressive acquisition strategy in order not to become a takeover target following its independence from Havas. In order to become a bigger and more global player, it acquired MPG and Snyder, as well as around one hundred specialized agencies in America, Europe and the Asia Pacific region. This strategy has been criticised by Maurice Levy as "reckless" [cite news | url = http://www.boursorama.com/infos/actualites/detail_actu_societes.phtml?&symbole=1rPHAV&news=2900303| title = Havas: Maurice Levy (Publicis) souligne les erreurs |date = 24 August, 2005 | publisher = Cercle Finance fr icon] ."

*1999 Creation of "Media Planning Group" by combining the media planning and buying activities of Media Planning, S.A., a Spanish company controlled by Léopoldo Rodés Castañes and his family, with Médiapolis, the Company’s then existing media planning business. Havas initially acquired 45% of MPG, which was increased to 100% in May 2001. With MPG, Havas offers a wide range of media services in major markets worldwide.

Acquisition of Snyder Communications Inc.

*On April 4, 2000, at the height of the M&A frenzy, Havas Advertising agreed [cite news | url = http://www.secinfo.com/dSAKe.51Sq.htm| title = Havas Filing 425 (Snyder Communications Inc |date = 18, July, 2000 | publisher = US Securities & Exchanges Commission ] to acquire Snyder Communications, Inc. (SNC) in an all-share transaction, where SNC was valued at US$2.1 billion. Just prior to the takeover, the market capitalisation of SNC was just US$1.3 billion.

SNC was a listed communications group controlled by Daniel Snyder, and their activities were mainly outsourced marketing services, such as Direct marketing, database marketing, proprietary product sampling, sponsored information display in prime locations, call centres, field sales.
*SNC's three divisions: Bounty SCA Worldwide, Arnold Communications and Brann Worldwide were respectively merged with Euro RSCG, Campus, and Diversified Agencies [cite news | url = http://www.allbusiness.com/marketing-advertising/advertising/601822-1.html| title = CEO Calls Havas/Snyder Merger an Ideal Fit |date = May, 2000 | publisher = Direct Marketing Magazine ] . Arnold Communications becomes Havas' second network, Arnold Worldwide Partners.
*as part of the SNC deal, Havas Advertising lists American Depositary Shares (ADSs) on the NASDAQ National Market System.
*The deal was completed on September 25.
*The stake belonging to Vivendi is diluted to 40% following the acquisition.

Havas S.A.

*2002. Following the decision of Havas to rename itself Vivendi Universal Publishing and to divest itself of its remaining stake in the Havas Advertising, the name was acquired by the latter. "Havas Advertising" became "Havas" by decision of the annual shareholders meeting held on May 23, 2002.

*2003. Strategic restructuring and reorganization of the Group around three core divisions announced September : Agencies from the Diversified Agencies division are sold or absorbed into the remaining divisions, Euro RSCG Worldwide (integrated communications); MPG (Media planning and buying) and Arnold Worldwide Partners (advertising).

*2004. Havas completes its strategic reorganization. In July, Bolloré Group starts to build a stake in Havas. In October, the Company completes a €404 million capital increase which enabled it to reduce its overall debt levels.

*2005 Bolloré Group, with a 22% stake, obtains 4 seats on the Havas Board at the Shareholders meeting, and seizes control of the Company. Chairman and CEO Alain de Pouzilhac was deposed in a boardroom coup on 21 June 2005. Vincent Bolloré succeeded as Chairman. Other board and management level changes followed [Eric Pfanner, [http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/07/13/business/web.havas.php Havas picks Bolloré as chairman] , International Herald Tribune, July 13, 2005] .

*2006. Havas names Fernando Rodés Vilà, son of the founder of Media Planning S.A. Leopoldo Rodés Castañes, as its new CEO in March.Havas remains listed on Euronext, but announces its plans to delist from the NASDAQ stock exchange as of July 28, 2006 [cite news | url = http://www.boursorama.com/infos/actualites/detail_actu_societes.phtml?&symbole=1rPHAV&news=3510970| title = Havas: se retire du Nasdaq américain |date = 21 June, 2006 | publisher = Cercle Finance fr icon] .


Havas’ business consists of providing communication consulting services, through traditional advertising in media, a multitude of various marketing services and media expertise.

Traditional advertising services consist of defining the nature, content and illustrating the advertising message for dissemination through traditional media: television, radio and print and display advertising for the promotion of products or brands.

Other marketing services would include marketing strategies designed to acquire customers or clients through specific or specialised audience targeting. These would include direct marketing, sales promotion, corporate communications, Healthcare Communications, internal communications, Television sponsorship, Design, human resources communications, New media & interactive communications, media planning and media buying.


*By agreeing to sell SNC, Daniel Snyder availed himself of the means to set another record: acquiring the Washington Redskins football team and their stadium for $800 million in May 1999, in the most expensive transaction in U.S. sporting history.

ee also

*Media Contacts


External links

* [http://www.havas.com/ Havas Official Website]

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