- Battle of Coronea (447 BC)
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Coronea
strength2=1000 hoplites, others?
casualties2=UnknownThe Battle of Coronea took place between the Athenian-led
Delian Leagueand the Boeotian Leaguein 447 BCduring the First Peloponnesian War.
457 BCthe Athenians had taken control of Boeotiaat the Battle of Oenophyta, and spent the next ten years attempting to consolidate the League's power. In 454 BCAthens lost a fleet attempting to aid an Egyptian revolt against Persia; fearing revolts by the other members of the Delian League, Athens moved the treasury to their city from Delos in 453 BC, and signed the Peace of Calliaswith Persia around 450 BC.
The Delian League was essentially an Athenian empire, and while Athens was usually successful at holding their possessions in the
Aegean Sea, they were less successful on land. By 447 BCsome of the men exiled from Boeotia after the Athenian victory there in 457 had returned home and began to take back some of the Boeotian towns. The Athenians under Tolmides, with 1,000 hoplites plus other troops from their allies, marched into Boeotia to take back the recaptured towns. They captured Chaeronea, but were attacked and defeated by the Boeotians at Coronea. The Athenians were forced to give up control of Boeotia, and the defeat led to revolts on Euboeaand in Megara, which in turn led to further conflict with Sparta, contributing to the Peloponnesian War.
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