Wisłok is a river in south-eastern Poland, a tributary of the San River, with a length of 205 kilometres (18th longest) and the basin area of 3,528 sq. km. (all in Poland). The root of the name "Vis-lok" is Indo-European or pre-Indo-European.


The Wisłok valley must have been an important trade route and human settlement axis as early as 9th or 10th century. The region subsequently became part of the Great Moravian state. Upon the invasion of the Hungarian tribes into the heart of the Great Moravian Empire around 899, the Lendians of the area declared their allegiance to Hungarian Empire. The region then became a site of contention between Poland, Kievan Rus and Hungary starting in at least the 9th century. This area was mentioned for the first time in 981 (by Nestor), when Volodymyr the Great of Kievan Rus took the area over on the way into Poland. In 1018 it returned to Poland, 1031 back to Rus, in 1340 Casimir III of Poland recovered it [Prof. Adam Fastnacht – Slownik Historyczno-Geograficzny Ziemi Sanockiej w Sredniowieczu, Kraków 2002, ISBN 83-88385-14-3] In historical records the river was first mentioned in 1372. During 966 - 1018, 1340–1772 (Ruthenian Voivodeship) and during 1918 - 1939 the region was a part of Poland. While during 1772–1918 it belonged to Austrian empire, later Austrian-Hungarian empire when double monarchy was introduced in Austria. This part of Poland was controlled by Austria for almost 120 years. At that time the area (including west and east of Subcarpathian Voivodeship) was known as Galicia.

Towns and townships:
*Krościenko Wyzne

The main tributares:


* Prof. Adam Fastnacht. Slownik Historyczno-Geograficzny Ziemi Sanockiej w Średniowieczu (Historic-Geographic Dictionary of the Sanok District in the Middle Ages), Kraków, 2002, ISBN 83-88385-14-3.

See also

* Rivers of Poland

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Look at other dictionaries:

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