Neighborhood watch

Neighborhood watch
Neighborhood watch sign near Picayune, MS., USA
Speed limit and neighborhood watch signs in Durham, North Carolina.
Sign denoting a Neighborhood Watch area in Canberra, Australia.

A neighborhood watch or neighbourhood watch (see spelling differences), also called a crime watch or neighborhood crime watch, is an organized group of citizens devoted to crime and vandalism prevention within a neighborhood. In the United States it builds on the concept of a town watch from Colonial America.

A neighborhood watch may be organized as its own group or may simply be a function of a neighborhood association or other community association.

Neighborhood watches are not vigilante organizations. When suspecting criminal activities, members are encouraged to contact authorities and not to intervene.

The current American system of neighborhood watches began developing in the late 1960s as a response to the rape and murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York. People became outraged after reports that a dozen witnesses did nothing to save Genovese or to apprehend her killer.[1] Some locals formed groups to watch over their neighborhoods and to look out for any suspicious activity in their areas. Shortly thereafter, the National Sheriffs' Association began a concerted effort in 1972 to revitalize the "watch group" effort nationwide.[2]

Some German states, such as Bavaria, have instituted systems of citizen patrols (Sicherheitswacht) where unarmed teams of two volunteers patrol assigned areas to improve subjective security. These teams carry a radio to call for help if necessary and a white armband with black letters identifying them as a neighborhood watch patrol.

Citizens in Baden-Württemberg can participate in a Volunteer Police programme, where approx. 1,200 citizens voluntarily assist their local police in 20 towns. These volunteers are specially trained, wear uniforms and are armed. Their main duty is crime prevention: conducting walking patrols to deter street crime, patrolling near schools and kindergartens and maintaining contact with potential victims of crime and juvenile delinquents.

There are also citizens in Hessen that participate in a Volunteer Police program, where they can assist their local police. The volunteers are trained for 50 hours, receive a blue uniform, pepper spray and a mobile phone. Their main duty is crime prevention: conducting walking patrols to deter street crime, patrolling near schools and kindergartens and maintaining contact with potential victims of crime and juvenile delinquents. People can also join the Wachpolizei which has less competencies (and less pay) than regular police to perform basic police tasks such as traffic or guard duties, releasing regular officers for patrol work.

Contents

Neighborhood Watch organizations

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • neighborhood watch — a neighborhood surveillance program or group in which residents keep watch over one another s houses, patrol the streets, etc., in an attempt to prevent crime. * * * (US) (or Brit neighbourhood watch) noun [noncount] : an organization of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • neighborhood watch — a neighborhood surveillance program or group in which residents keep watch over one another s houses, patrol the streets, etc., in an attempt to prevent crime. * * * …   Universalium

  • Neighborhood Watch (film) — Neighborhood Watch Directed by Akiva Schaffer Produced by Shawn Levy Screenplay by Seth Rogen Evan Goldberg …   Wikipedia

  • Neighborhood watch (disambiguation) — Neighborhood watch is a citizens organization devoted to crime prevention within a neighborhood. Neighborhood watch or Neighbourhood watch may also refer to: National Neighborhood Watch Program, United States (USA on Watch) program Neighbourhood… …   Wikipedia

  • Neighborhood Watch (band) — Neighborhood Watch Origin Palms, Los Angeles, California, U.S. Genres Hardcore punk Heavy metal Thrash metal Crossover thrash Years active 1981–1985, 1992, 2006–present …   Wikipedia

  • Neighborhood Watch (album) — Neighborhood Watch Studio album by Dilated Peoples Released April 6, 2004 Genre …   Wikipedia

  • Neighborhood Watch (Law & Order: Criminal Intent) — Neighborhood Watch Law Order: Criminal Intent episode Episode no. Season 7 Episode 20 (#151 overall) Directed by Jean de Segonzac …   Wikipedia

  • National Neighborhood Watch Program — USA on Watch Formation 2002 Purpose/focus Neighborhood Watch Region served United States Parent organization Citizen Corps Website …   Wikipedia

  • Global Neighborhood Watch — is an article by Neal Stephenson that appeared in Wired Magazine in 1998. In it he proposes a specific plan for using information technology to fight crime. According to Stephenson, he is no longer pursuing the idea.… …   Wikipedia

  • Neighborhood association — A neighborhood association (NA) is a group of residents or property owners who advocate for or organize activities within a neighborhood. An association may have elected leaders and voluntary dues. Some neighborhood associations in the United… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»