- Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 was legislation in the United States that resulted from the
unconstitutionalityof previous New Dealfarm legislation ( Agricultural Adjustment Actof 1933) and the success of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Actpassed in 1937.
During the first session of the
75th United States Congressan extension of the soil conservation plan was given consideration. Through the summer of 1937 hearings of farm leaders were conducted in various states; but the second session adjourned while the farm bill was still in the hands of a conference committee. In his message of January 3, 1938, President Franklin D. Rooseveltemphasized the work of the conference committee and hoped that a "sound, consistent measure" would be adopted. After some debate in Congress the President, on February 16, signed the measure providing "for the conservation of national soil resources." The Soil Conservation Act was to be continued as a permanent farm policy; and to promote the program, national land allotments were to be fixed at a point "to give production sufficient for domestic consumption, for exports, and for reserve supplies." To give farmers an incentive to operate within the allotments, payments were to be made by the Government. In order that "an adequate and balanced flow of agricultural commodities" might be maintained, the statute established an ever-normal granaryprogram through a system of nonrecourse loans [ [http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/aib485/aib485a.pdf "History of Agricultural Price-Support and Adjustment Programs, 1933-84"] , United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service] . "Four research laboratories are to be established at Peoria, Illinois, in the New Orleansarea, in the Philadelphiaarea, and in the San Franciscoarea, to study farm needs. And if two thirds of the farmers participating in the program agreed, marketing quotas in tobacco, corn, wheat, cotton, and rice might be fixed by the Secretary of Agriculture. [Laws of Congress, 75th Cong., 3rd Sess., Chap. 30; Congressional Record, 75th Cong., 3rd Sess., Appendix, p. 810.
Pre-1994 hard copies of the Congressional Record may be located through the [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/crecord/index.html| Government Printing Office website] .]
*Dictionary of American History edited by
James Truslow Adams, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1933 — Passed on 12 May 1933, the Agricultural Adjustment Act was intended to tackle the plight of farmers in the Great Depression and to raise the prices of wheat, corn, cotton, and other crops and livestock and return the farmers’ purchasing power… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Agricultural Adjustment Act — The Agricultural Adjustment Act (USPL|73|10, enacted May 12, 1933) restricted production during the New Deal by paying farmers to reduce crop area. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus so as to effectively raise the value of crops, thereby… … Wikipedia
Agricultural Adjustment Act — L Agricultural Adjustment Act (en français Loi d ajustement agricole) ou AAA est une loi des États Unis entrée en vigueur en pleine Grande Dépression dans le cadre de la politique de New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt en 1933. Dans un contexte… … Wikipédia en Français
Agricultural Adjustment Act, 1938 — Replacing the first Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 and supplementing the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936, the 1938 act established a “granary” principle setting marketing quotas, crop insurance, and parity price… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Agricultural Adjustment Administration — (AAA) The AAA was established in 1933 to implement the Agricultural Adjustment Act and was headed by George N. Peek. However, the AAA was criticized because of the decision to destroy millions of acres of crops already in production and to… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Agricultural policy of the United States — is the governing policy of agriculture in the United States and is composed primarily of the periodically renewed federal U.S. farm bills.HistoryOver the first 200 years of U.S. agricultural history, until the 1920s, agricultural policy in the… … Wikipedia
National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research — The National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research (NCAUR) (sometimes still called the Northern Lab) is an United States Department of Agriculture laboratory center in Peoria, Illinois. The Center researches new industrial and food uses… … Wikipedia
National Industrial Recovery Act — Front page of the National Industrial Recovery Act, as signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 16, 1933. The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), officially known as the Act of June 16, 1933 (Ch. 90, 48 Stat. 195, formerly codified… … Wikipedia
National Labor Relations Act — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs the act on July 9, 1935. Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins (right) looks on. The National Labor Relations Act or Wagner Act (after its sponsor, New York Senator Robert F. Wagner) (Pub.L. 74 198,… … Wikipedia
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act — Le Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (« Loi de conservation de la terre et de répartition nationale ») est une loi approuvée par le congrès américain en 1935, dans le cadre du New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt. La loi… … Wikipédia en Français