- Khalilullah Khalili
Khalilullah Khalili (1908–1987; PerB|خیل الله خلیلی - "Ḫalīl Allāḥ Ḫalīlī"; alternative spellings: "Khalilollah", "Khalil Ullah") was
Afghanistan's foremost 20th century poetas well as a noted historian, university professor, diplomat and royal confidant. He was the last of the great classical Persian poets and among the first to introduce modern Persian poetry and Nimai style to Afghanistan. He had also expertise in "Khorasani" style and was a follower of Farrukhi Sistani. Almost alone among Afghanistan's poets, he enjoyed a following in Iranwhere his selected poems have been published. His works have been praised by renowned Iranian literary figures and intellectuals. Many see him as the greatest contemporary poet of the Persian languagein Afghanistan. He is also known for his major work "Hero of Khorasan", a controversial biographyof Habībullāh Kalakānī, Emirof Afghanistan in 1929.
Although he wrote exclusively in Persian and is sometimes associated with
Tajiknationalist ideology. His father, Mirzā Muhammad Hussein Khān, was Habibullah Khan'sfinance minister and owned mansions in Kabuland Jalalabad. His mother was the daughter of Abdul Qādir Khān, a Safī Khan of the Kohistan region. She died when Khalili was seven.
Khalili lived and attended school in Kabul until he was 11, when Shāh Habibullāh Khān, king of Afghanistan (1872 –
February 20, 1919), was assassinated, purportedly at the behest of his reformistson Amānullāh Khān, who quickly arrested and executed Khalili's father among others associated with the previous regime. Orphaned and unwanted in Kabul, he spent the turbulent years of Amānullāh's reign in the "Shamālī Plain" north of Kabul where he studied classical literature and other traditional sciences with leading scholars and began writing poetry. In 1929, when Habībullāh Kalakānī - a local warlord from Kohistān - deposed Amānullāh Khān, Khalili joined his uncle Abdul Rahim Khan Safi, the new governor of Herat, where he remained for more than 10 years.
In the early 1940s, he followed his uncle Abdul Rahim Khan Safi, who had been appointed a deputy prime minister, to Kabul. His stay in Kabul was cut short when, in 1945, some elders of the Safi-Clan rebelled and both uncle and nephew were imprisoned. After a year in prison, Khalili was released and exiled to
Kandaharwhere he flourished as a poet and writer.
In the 1950s, Khalili was allowed to return to Kabul where he was appointed as minister of culture and information and began teaching at
Kabul University. He became a confident to King Zahir Shahwhom he often joined on hunting expeditions.
In the 1960s and 1970s, Khalili, who was fluent in Arabic, served as Afghanistan's ambassador to
Saudi Arabiaand Iraq. He was a member of the "1964 Constitutional Assembly" and a representative from Jabal al-Siraj.
Following the April 1978 Communist coup, Khalili sought asylum first in
Germanyand then in the United Stateswhere he wrote much of his most powerful poetry about the war in his native land. In the late 1980s, he moved to Islamabad, Pakistan, where he spent his final years. He was buried in Peshawar next to the tomb of the Pashtopoet Rahman Baba.
Khalili was a prolific writer, producing over the course of his career an eclectic repertoire ranging from poetry to fiction to history to biography. He published 35 volumes of poetry, including his celebrated works "Aškḥā wa Ḫūnḥā" ("Tears And Blood"), composed during the Soviet occupation, and "Hero of Khorasan". With the exception of a selection of his quatrains and the recent "An Assembly of Moths"," his poetry remains largely unknown to English-speaking readers.
* [http://www.geocities.com/athens/7261/Khalili/khalili-info.html An article by Said Ehsan in the Lamar-Aftaab online magazin]
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4464341 "Restoring Poetry to Afghanistan" by Steve Coll]
* [http://hometown.aol.com/mbeve10258/Eulogy.html "Bitter Fruit Falling" by Khalilullah Khalili]
* [http://www.spyoftheheart.com/c2.php "He Is With You Wherever You Are"]
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Khalilullah Khalili — oder Ustad Khalilullah Khalili (persisch استاد خلیل الله خلیلی; * 1907 in Kabul; † 1987 in Islamabad) war ein persischsprachiger Dichter, Universitätsprofessor und Diplomat aus Afghanistan. Sein Vater, Mirzā Mohammed Hussein Khan, war… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Khalili — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toponyme Khân al Khalili, grand souk du Caire Patronymes Politiciens Karim Khalili (1950 ), second vice président afghan Sportifs Mohsen… … Wikipédia en Français
Khalili — ist der Name folgender Personen: Khalilullah Khalili (1908–1987), afghanischer Dichter, Universitätsprofessor und Diplomat Nader Khalili (1936–2008), us amerikanisch iranischer Architekt Karim Khalili (* 1950), afghanischer Politiker siehe auch:… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Khalili (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Toponyme Khân al Khalili, grand souk du Caire Patronymes Politiciens Karim Khalili (1950 ), second vice président afghan Sportifs Mohsen Khalili (1981 ),… … Wikipédia en Français
Khalilulla Khalili — Khalilullāh Khalīlī (1908 1987; PerB|خیل الله خلیلی; alternative spellings: Khalilollah , Khalil Ullah ) was Afghanistan s foremost 20th century poet as well as a noted historian, university professor, diplomat and royal confidant. He was the… … Wikipedia
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