Volcanoes of Java


Volcanoes of Java

Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin, and contains numerous volcanoes, 20 of which have been active in recent historical times. As is the case for many other Indonesian islands, volcanoes have played a vital role in the geological and human history of Java. Indeed, land is created on Java as a result of lava flows, ash deposits, and mud flows ("lahars"). Volcanoes are a major contributor to the immense fertility of Java, as natural erosion transports volcanic material as alluvium to the island's plains, forming thick layers of fertile sediment. The benefit is not just in the immediate vicinity of the volcano, with fine ash emitted from eruptions being dispersed over wide areas.

Climbing volcanoes (and other mountains) is increasingly popular.

List of Volcanoes

This list is of volcanoes from the west of Java to the east. Local terminology and usage has the word "Gunung" ("mount or mountain") precede the names

West Java

* Pulosari Stratovolcano
* Karang Stratovolcano
* Kiaraberes-Gagak Stratovolcano
* Perbakti Stratovolcano
* Mount Salak Stratovolcano
* Mount Gede Stratovolcano
* Mount Patuha Stratovolcano
* Wayang-Windu Lava dome
* Mount Malabar Stratovolcano
* Tangkuban Parahu Stratovolcano
* Mount Papandayan Stratovolcanoes
* Mount Kendang Stratovolcano
* Kamojang Stratovolcanoes
* Mount Guntur Complex volcano
* Mount Tampomas Stratovolcano
* Galunggung Stratovolcano
* Talagabodas Stratovolcano
* Karaha Crater Fumarole field
* Mount Cereme Stratovolcano

Central Java

* Mount Slamet Stratovolcano
* Dieng Volcanic Complex Complex volcano
* Mount Sundoro Stratovolcano
* Mount Sumbing Stratovolcano
* Mount Ungaran Stratovolcano
* Mount Telomoyo Stratovolcano
* Mount Merbabu Stratovolcano
* Mount Merapi Stratovolcano
* Mount Muria Stratovolcano
* Mount Lawu Stratovolcano
* Mount Wilis Stratovolcano

East Java

* Kelut Stratovolcano
* Kawi-Butak Stratovolcanoes
* Arjuno-Welirang Stratovolcano
* Penanggungan Stratovolcano
* Malang Plain Maars
* Semeru Stratovolcano
* Mount Bromo
* Lamongan Stratovolcano
* Lurus Complex volcano
* Iyang-Argapura Complex volcano
* Raung Stratovolcano
* Ijen Stratovolcanoes
* Baluran Stratovolcano

See also

* Reinout Willem van Bemmelen
* List of volcanoes in Indonesia

References

* Whitten, T, Soaeriaatmadja, R. E., Afiff, S. A., (editors), "The Ecology of Java and Bali", Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. 1996, Harcover, 969 pages, ISBN 962-593-072-8


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Java — This article is about the Indonesian island. For other uses, see Java (disambiguation). Java Native name: Jawa Topography of Java …   Wikipedia

  • Java — /jah veuh/ or, esp. for 2, /jav euh/, n. 1. the main island of Indonesia. 76,100,000 (with Madura); 51,032 sq. mi. (132,173 sq. km). 2. (usually l.c.) Slang. coffee: a cup of java. 3. Trademark. a programming language used to create interactive… …   Universalium

  • JAVA —    (23,868), the finest island of the Indian Archipelago, lying between Sumatra and Bali, with the Indian Ocean on the S. and the Java Sea separating it from Borneo on the N., lies E. and W., traversed by a mountain chain with a rich alluvial… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Major volcanoes of the world — ▪ Table Major volcanoes of the world region elevation* first recorded eruption comments feet metres Mediterranean Etna (Etna, Mount), Sicily, Italy 10,991 3,350 1500 BC The tallest active volcano in Europe, Etna has had recorded eruptions for… …   Universalium

  • Central Java — Infobox Provinces of Indonesia name= Provinsi Jawa Tengah Province of Central Java motto = Prasetya Ulah Sakti Bhakti Praja (Javanese, A vow of devotion with all might to the country ) coordinate = Latitude Longitude 6°S to 7°30 S 108°30 E to… …   Wikipedia

  • Decade Volcanoes — A map showing locations of the 16 Decade Volcanoes The Decade Volcanoes are 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth s Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of… …   Wikipedia

  • Decade volcanoes — Les Decade Volcanoes (« Volcans de la décennie ») sont seize volcans identifiés par l association internationale de volcanologie et de chimie de l intérieur de la Terre (IAVCEI) dépendant de l Union géodésique et géophysique… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Decade Volcanoes — Teide, Tenerife (Espagne). Les Decade Volcanoes (« Volcans de la décennie ») sont seize volcans identifiés par l association internationale de volcanologie et de chimie de l intérieur de la Terre (IAVCEI) dépendant de l Union géodésique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • West Java — Infobox Provinces of Indonesia name=West Java country=Indonesia logo= motto= Gemah ripah repeh rapih (The prosper along with its peaceful and harmonic inhabitant) [Sigar, Edi. Buku Pintar Indonesia . Jakarta: Pustaka Delaprasta, 1996]… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Indonesia-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Indonesia. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes ( alt k ) in the sidebar.This list can re read in conjunction with List of basic Indonesia topics… …   Wikipedia