- Scott Air Force Base
Scott Air Force Base Part of Air Mobility Command (AMC) Located near: Mascoutah, Illinois
C-9 Nightengale, C-21A C-12F of Air Mobility Command
Coordinates Built 1917 In use 1917-Present Controlled by United States Air Force Garrison 375th Airlift Wing Airfield information IATA: BLV – ICAO: KBLV – FAA LID: BLV Summary Airport type Military Elevation AMSL 459 ft / 140 m Website Runways Direction Length Surface ft m 14L/32R 10,000 3,048 Concrete 14R/32L 8,001 2,439 Asphalt/Concrete
The base is named after Corporal Frank S. Scott, the first enlisted person to be killed in an aviation crash. The base is operated by the 375th Air Mobility Wing (375 AMW) and is also home to the Air Force Reserve Command's 932d Airlift Wing (932 AW) and the Illinois Air National Guard's 126th Air Refueling Wing (126 ARW), the latter two units being operationally gained by the US Air Force's Air Mobility Command (AMC).
Its airfield is also used by civilian aircraft, with civilian operations at the base referring to the facility as MidAmerica St. Louis Airport. MidAmerica has operated as a Joint Use Airport since beginning operations in November 1997 and has not been served by any commercial airlines since Allegiant Air pulled out of the airport on January 3, 2009.
Scott Air Force Base is home to the headquarters of many major military organizations, including:
- United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM)
- United States Army Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC)
- Air Mobility Command (AMC)
- Eighteenth Air Force (18 AF)
- Air Force Global Logistics Support Center (AFGLSC)
- Defense Information Technology Contracting Organization (DITCO)
- Air Force Network Integration Center (AFNIC) * formerly the Air Force Communications Agency (AFCA)
The 375th Air Mobility Wing is the host to more than 30 tenant units, including the Air Force Office of Special Investigations 3rd Field Investigations Region, the 932d Airlift Wing (Air Force Reserve Command), the 126th Air Refueling Wing (Illinois Air National Guard), and the 3rd Manpower Requirements Squadron (Air Force Manpower Agency).
During World War I, 624 acres (253 ha) of land near Belleville, Illinois became a new airfield. The government announced it would name the field after Corporal Frank S. Scott on July 20, 1917; Scott was the first enlisted person to be killed in an aviation crash. Scott remains the only base in the United States named after an enlisted member.
In September 1917, the training of airplane pilots began. Most training took place in Curtiss JN-3D “Jennies.” These aircraft were used to develop air ambulances. This early aeromedical evacuation later become a primary role for Scott Air Force Base. At the end of World War I, the field’s squadrons were demobilized. In 1919 the War Department purchased Scott Field and turned it over to the lighter-than-air branch of the Air Corps. This lasted until May 14, 1937, when the lighter-than-air crafts were discontinued.
The field was designated as the new home of the general headquarters of the Air Forces of the entire United States Army on June 2, 1938. To prepare for the new role, the old buildings on Scott Field had to come down; demolition began July 18, 1938. The huge hangar, now useless to the army, was sold to the wreckers for $20,051.00. The mooring mast, the old wooden barracks, and the administration buildings were all wrecked. Colonial style administration buildings, family quarters, barracks, together with new hangars and other buildings (in all 73 major buildings) were erected in a $7,500,000.00 building program.
On June 1, 1939, Scott was designated as the Scott Field branch of the Army Air Corps. Technical Schools and the basic section of the school, which was located at Chanute Field, Rantoul, Illinois, was transferred to Scott Field.
An allotment of $1,710,150.00 was made in August 1941 for the construction of 160 new buildings, because with the designation of Scott as the communications training center of the Army Air Force, more housing was needed for students. Cantonment areas were constructed in the southeast and northeast sections of the field. A short time later, the Army built an induction center across the Southern Railroad tracks. This area was later annexed to Scott Air Force Base.
In 1952, two additional housing areas were added: Pagelow Apartments, 80 units for officers, and a 1,000-unit "city" north of the base erected under the provisions of the Wherry Housing Act. Also in 1952 a modernization program was begun to provide quarters for bachelor officers and bachelor non-commissioned officers, training areas, and warehouse space at a cost in excess of $14,000,000.00.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the base has a total area of 9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,707 people, 682 households, and 662 families residing on the base. The population density was 721 inhabitants per square mile (278 /km2). There were 715 housing units at an average density of 190.4 inhabitants per square mile (73.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the base was 78.9% White, 13.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 682 households out of which 78.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 90.5% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.9% were non-families. Of all households, 2.8% were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83, and the average family size was 3.90.
On the base the population was spread out with 44.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% ages 18 to 24, 40.6% ages 25 to 44, 6.6% ages 45 to 64, and 0.3% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household on the base was $51,290, and the median income for a family was $52,258. Males had a median income of $39,289 versus $24,674 for females. The per capita income for the base was $15,421. About 0.9% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Shiloh–Scott (St. Louis MetroLink) rail station links Scott Air Force Base with direct trains to downtown St. Louis on MetroLink's Red Line. One-ride and all-day tickets can be purchased from vending machines on the platforms. MetroLink lines provide direct or indirect service to St. Louis, the Clayton area, and Illinois suburbs in St. Clair County.
Five MetroBus lines serve Scott Air Force Base via Shiloh–Scott (St. Louis MetroLink) station.
- 12 O'Fallon Fairview Heights
- 15 Belleville Shiloh Scott
- 18X Lebanon – Mascoutah Express
- 21 Main & East Base Shuttles
- 512X Metrolink Station Shuttle
- Illinois World War II Army Airfields
- Central Air Defense Force (Air Defense Command)
- MidAmerica St. Louis Airport
- Shiloh–Scott (St. Louis MetroLink)
- ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch. MidAmerica Wings it Without Allegiant Air. 1/7/2009. Retrieved 1/30/2009.
- ^ Imbs, Christine (March 2006). "Gateway to the World". St. Louis Commerce Magazine. http://www.stlcommercemagazine.com/archives/march2006/gateway.html. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f United States Air Force. Scott Air Force Base History. Accessed December 10, 2006.
- ^ "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/main.html. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Air Mobility Command (AMC)
- Official website Scott AFB
- (PDF), effective 20 October 2011
- Resources for this U.S. military airport:
- Scott AFB Directory and PCS Guide
- Scott Heritage Air Park Virtual Tour
Numbered Air Forces Command
Bases Groups317th Airlift · 463rd Airlift WingsAir Base87th · 628thAir MobilityAir Refueling22nd · 92nd · 319thAirliftAir Mobility OperationsContingency Response615th · 621st Municipalities and communities of St. Clair County, Illinois Cities Villages Townships CDPs
Darmstadt | Floraville | Paderborn | Scott AFB
Douglas | Imbs | Westview
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
Aviation in Illinois Primary airports O'Hare International Airport · Chicago Midway International Airport · Quad City International Airport · Central Illinois Regional Airport · General Wayne A. Downing Peoria International Airport · University of Illinois Willard Airport · Chicago Rockford International Airport · Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport · MidAmerica St. Louis Airport · Decatur Airport · Williamson County Regional Airport Military Scott Air Force Base Airlines Aviation-related
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Scott Air Force Base — Scott Air Force Base … Deutsch Wikipedia
Scott Air Force Base — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Scott. Scott Air Force Base … Wikipédia en Français
Scott Air Force Base — Original name in latin Scott Air Force Base Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 38.5427 latitude 89.85035 altitude 127 Population 3612 Date 2011 05 14 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Air Force Base — Militärflugplatz Base Aérea das Lajes der Portugiesischen Luftstreitkräfte auf Terceira (Portugal) Ein Militärflugplatz, in Deutschland und Österreich auch Fliegerhorst bzw. Heeresflugplatz genannt, ist ein vom Militär genutzter … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pope Air Force Base — Infobox Airport name = Pope Air Force Base nativename = Part of Air Mobility Command (AMC) image width = 300 caption = Aerial view of Pope AFB image2 width = 200 caption2 = Location of Pope Air Force Base IATA = POB ICAO = KPOB FAA = POB type =… … Wikipedia
Keesler Air Force Base — Part of Air Education and Training Command (AETC) Located near: Biloxi, Mississippi … Wikipedia
Hanscom Air Force Base — For the civil airport use of this facility, see Hanscom Field Infobox Airport name = Hanscom Field Hanscom Air Force Base nativename = Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) image width = 300 caption = Hanscom AFB 29 March 1995 IATA = BED ICAO … Wikipedia
Plattsburgh Air Force Base — PAFB redirects here. For the military airport in Alaska with that ICAO code, see Ladd Army Airfield. For the civil use of this facility and airport information, see Plattsburgh International Airport. Plattsburgh Air Force Base … Wikipedia
Malmstrom Air Force Base — Part of Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) Located near: Great Falls, Montana … Wikipedia
Robins Air Force Base — Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) Located near: Warner Robins, Georgia … Wikipedia