Scott Air Force Base


Scott Air Force Base
Scott Air Force Base

Air Mobility Command.svg

Part of Air Mobility Command (AMC)
Located near: Mascoutah, Illinois
Scott AFB Aircraft.jpg
C-9 Nightengale, C-21A C-12F of Air Mobility Command
Coordinates 38°32′43″N 089°50′07″W / 38.54528°N 89.83528°W / 38.54528; -89.83528 (Scott AFB)
Built 1917
In use 1917-Present
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Garrison 375 AW.jpg 375th Airlift Wing
Airfield information
IATA: BLVICAO: KBLVFAA LID: BLV
Summary
Airport type Military
Elevation AMSL 459 ft / 140 m
Website www.scott.af.mil
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14L/32R 10,000 3,048 Concrete
14R/32L 8,001 2,439 Asphalt/Concrete
Scott AFB is located in Illinois
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Scott AFB
Location of Scott Air Force Base, Illinois
Sign at Belleville Gate entrance. Many buildings on the base are made with a similar style of brickwork.
Former main gate. Now main entrance to the air field.

Scott Air Force Base (IATA: BLVICAO: KBLVFAA LID: BLV) is a base of the United States Air Force in St. Clair County, Illinois, near Belleville.

Contents

Overview

The base is named after Corporal Frank S. Scott, the first enlisted person to be killed in an aviation crash. The base is operated by the 375th Air Mobility Wing (375 AMW) and is also home to the Air Force Reserve Command's 932d Airlift Wing (932 AW) and the Illinois Air National Guard's 126th Air Refueling Wing (126 ARW), the latter two units being operationally gained by the US Air Force's Air Mobility Command (AMC).

Its airfield is also used by civilian aircraft, with civilian operations at the base referring to the facility as MidAmerica St. Louis Airport. MidAmerica has operated as a Joint Use Airport since beginning operations in November 1997 and has not been served by any commercial airlines since Allegiant Air pulled out of the airport on January 3, 2009.[1][2]

Units

Scott Air Force Base is home to the headquarters of many major military organizations, including:

The 375th Air Mobility Wing is the host to more than 30 tenant units, including the Air Force Office of Special Investigations 3rd Field Investigations Region, the 932d Airlift Wing (Air Force Reserve Command), the 126th Air Refueling Wing (Illinois Air National Guard), and the 3rd Manpower Requirements Squadron (Air Force Manpower Agency).[3]

History

During World War I, 624 acres (253 ha) of land near Belleville, Illinois became a new airfield. The government announced it would name the field after Corporal Frank S. Scott on July 20, 1917; Scott was the first enlisted person to be killed in an aviation crash. Scott remains the only base in the United States named after an enlisted member.

In September 1917, the training of airplane pilots began. Most training took place in Curtiss JN-3D “Jennies.” These aircraft were used to develop air ambulances. This early aeromedical evacuation later become a primary role for Scott Air Force Base. At the end of World War I, the field’s squadrons were demobilized. In 1919 the War Department purchased Scott Field and turned it over to the lighter-than-air branch of the Air Corps. This lasted until May 14, 1937, when the lighter-than-air crafts were discontinued.[3]

The field was designated as the new home of the general headquarters of the Air Forces of the entire United States Army on June 2, 1938. To prepare for the new role, the old buildings on Scott Field had to come down; demolition began July 18, 1938. The huge hangar, now useless to the army, was sold to the wreckers for $20,051.00. The mooring mast, the old wooden barracks, and the administration buildings were all wrecked. Colonial style administration buildings, family quarters, barracks, together with new hangars and other buildings (in all 73 major buildings) were erected in a $7,500,000.00 building program.[3]

On June 1, 1939, Scott was designated as the Scott Field branch of the Army Air Corps. Technical Schools and the basic section of the school, which was located at Chanute Field, Rantoul, Illinois, was transferred to Scott Field.[3]

An allotment of $1,710,150.00 was made in August 1941 for the construction of 160 new buildings, because with the designation of Scott as the communications training center of the Army Air Force, more housing was needed for students. Cantonment areas were constructed in the southeast and northeast sections of the field. A short time later, the Army built an induction center across the Southern Railroad tracks. This area was later annexed to Scott Air Force Base.[3]

In 1952, two additional housing areas were added: Pagelow Apartments, 80 units for officers, and a 1,000-unit "city" north of the base erected under the provisions of the Wherry Housing Act. Also in 1952 a modernization program was begun to provide quarters for bachelor officers and bachelor non-commissioned officers, training areas, and warehouse space at a cost in excess of $14,000,000.00.[3]

Geography

The residential part of the base is a census-designated place; the population was 3,612 at the 2010 census.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the base has a total area of 9.7 km2 (3.7 sq mi), all land.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,707 people, 682 households, and 662 families residing on the base. The population density was 721 inhabitants per square mile (278 /km2). There were 715 housing units at an average density of 190.4 inhabitants per square mile (73.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the base was 78.9% White, 13.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.

There were 682 households out of which 78.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 90.5% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2.9% were non-families. Of all households, 2.8% were made up of individuals, and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.83, and the average family size was 3.90.

On the base the population was spread out with 44.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% ages 18 to 24, 40.6% ages 25 to 44, 6.6% ages 45 to 64, and 0.3% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household on the base was $51,290, and the median income for a family was $52,258. Males had a median income of $39,289 versus $24,674 for females. The per capita income for the base was $15,421. About 0.9% of families and 1.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Public transportation

Light rail

MetroLink map Oct2008.svg

Shiloh–Scott (St. Louis MetroLink) rail station links Scott Air Force Base with direct trains to downtown St. Louis on MetroLink's Red Line. One-ride and all-day tickets can be purchased from vending machines on the platforms. MetroLink lines provide direct or indirect service to St. Louis, the Clayton area, and Illinois suburbs in St. Clair County.

MetroBus

Five MetroBus lines serve Scott Air Force Base via Shiloh–Scott (St. Louis MetroLink) station.

  • 12 O'Fallon Fairview Heights
  • 15 Belleville Shiloh Scott
  • 18X Lebanon – Mascoutah Express
  • 21 Main & East Base Shuttles
  • 512X Metrolink Station Shuttle

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ St. Louis Post-Dispatch. MidAmerica Wings it Without Allegiant Air. 1/7/2009. Retrieved 1/30/2009.
  2. ^ Imbs, Christine (March 2006). "Gateway to the World". St. Louis Commerce Magazine. http://www.stlcommercemagazine.com/archives/march2006/gateway.html. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f United States Air Force. Scott Air Force Base History. Accessed December 10, 2006.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/main.html. Retrieved 17 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links


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