Duke of Buccleuch


Duke of Buccleuch
Coat of Arms of the 10th Duke of Buccleuch.[1]
Coat of Arms of the 5th Duke of Buccleuch.
Coat of Arms of the 4th Duke of Buccleuch.
Coat of Arms of the 1st Duke of Monmouth and Buccleuch.
Coat of Arms of the 1st Duchess Buccleuch.[2]

The title Duke of Buccleuch (play /bəˈkl/), formerly also spelt Duke of Buccleugh, was created in the Peerage of Scotland on 20 April 1663 for the Duke of Monmouth, who was the eldest illegitimate son of Charles II of Scotland, England, and Ireland and who had married Anne Scott, 4th Countess of Buccleuch.

Anne was created Duchess in her own right along with her husband, so that the title was unaffected by Monmouth's attainder of 1685. It passed on to his descendants, who have successively borne the surnames Scott, Montagu-Scott, Montagu Douglas Scott and Scott again. In 1810, the 3rd Duke of Buccleuch inherited the Dukedom of Queensberry, also in the Peerage of Scotland, thus separating that title from the Marquessate of Queensberry. Thus, the holder is one of the only five people in the UK to hold two or more different dukedoms, the others being the Duke of Cornwall and Rothesay, the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, the Duke of Argyll (who holds two dukedoms named Argyll), and the Duke of Richmond, Lennox and Gordon.

The subsidiary titles associated with the Dukedom of Buccleuch are: Earl of Buccleuch (1619), Earl of Dalkeith (1663), Lord Scott of Buccleuch (1606) and Lord Scott of Whitchester and Eskdaill (1619) (all in the Peerage of Scotland). The Duke also holds the two subsidiary titles of the attainted Dukedom of Monmouth, namely Earl of Doncaster (1663) and Baron Scott of Tindale (1663) (both in the Peerage of England), and several subsidiary titles associated with the Dukedom of Queensberry, namely Marquess of Dumfriesshire (1683), Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar (1682), Viscount of Nith, Tortholwald and Ross (1682) and Lord Douglas of Kilmount, Middlebie and Dornock (1682) (all in the Peerage of Scotland). The Earldom of Doncaster and Barony of Scott of Tindale had been forfeit at the time of the first Duke's attainder, but the titles were restored to the 2nd Duke of Buccleuch in 1742. Until 1835, the Dukes also held lands in the West Riding of Yorkshire and the ancient title of Lord of Bowland. The Duke of Buccleuch is the hereditary chief of Clan Scott.

The courtesy title used by the Duke's eldest son and heir is Earl of Dalkeith; and the one of Lord Dalkeith's eldest son and heir is Lord Eskdaill.

Sir Walter Scott, Bart., was directly descended of the Lords of Buccleuch. His family history, fancifully interpreted, is the main subject of much of The Lay of the Last Minstrel.

The current Duke of Buccleuch, Richard Scott, the 10th Duke, is the largest private landowner in the United Kingdom and chairman of the Buccleuch Group, a holding company with interests in commercial property, rural affairs, food, and beverages. The title originally comes from a holding in the Scottish Borders, near Selkirk.

The family seats are Bowhill House, three miles outside Selkirk, representing the Scott line; Drumlanrig Castle in Dumfries and Galloway, representing the Douglas line; and Boughton House in Northamptonshire, England, representing the Montagu line. These three houses are still lived in by the family and are also open to the public. The family also owns Dalkeith Palace in Midlothian, which is let, and has owned several other country houses and castles in the past. Its historic London residence was Montagu House, Whitehall, now demolished.

Contents

Feudal Barons of Buccleuch (1488)

  • David Scott, 1st Baron of Buccleuch (d. c. 1491/2) was a Scots landowner
    • David Scott of Buccleuch, Younger (d. bef. 1491), son of the 1st Baron, predeceased him
  • Walter Scott, 2nd Baron of Buccleuch (d. c. 1504), son of the Younger
  • Walter Scott of Branxholme and Buccleuch, 3rd Baron of Buccleuch (d. 1552), son of the 2nd Baron
    • William Scott of Kirkurd and Buccleuch, Younger (c. 1525–1552), son of the 3rd Baron
  • Walter Scott, 4th Baron of Buccleuch (c. 1549–1574), son of William Scott, Younger of Buccleuch
  • Walter Scott, 5th Baron of Buccleuch (1565–1611) was created Lord Scott of Buccleuch in 1606

Lords Scott of Buccleuch (1606)

Earls of Buccleuch (1619)

Other titles: Lord Scott of Buccleuch (1606) and Lord Scott of Whitchester and Eskdaill (1619)

Dukes of Buccleuch, first Creation (1663)

Other titles: Duke of Monmouth and Earl of Doncaster, in the county of York (En 1663), Earl of Dalkeith (1663), Baron Scott of Tindale, in the county of Northumberland (En 1663) and Lord Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale (1663)

Dukes of Buccleuch, second Creation (1663)

Other titles: Earl of Buccleuch (1619), Earl of Doncaster, in the county of York (En 1663, restored 1743), Earl of Dalkeith (1663), Lord Scott of Buccleuch (1606), Baron Scott of Whitchester and Eskdaill (1619), Baron Scott of Tindall, in the county of Northumberland (En 1663, restored 1743) and Lord Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale (1663)
Other titles (3rd Duke onwards): Duke of Queensberry and Marquess of Dumfriesshire (1684), Earl of Drumlanrig and Sanquhar, Viscount of Nith, Tortholwald and Ross and Lord Douglas of Kilmount, Middlebie and Dornock (1682)
  • Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch, 5th Duke of Queensberry (1746–1812), second son of Lord Dalkeith
    • George Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (1768), eldest son of the 3rd Duke, died in infancy
  • Charles Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch, 6th Duke of Queensberry (1772–1819), second son of the 3rd Duke
    • George Scott, Lord Scott of Whitchester (1798–1808), eldest son of the 4th Duke, died young
  • Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch, 7th Duke of Queensberry (1806–1884), second son of the 4th Duke
  • William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch, 8th Duke of Queensberry (1831–1914), eldest son of the 5th Duke
    • Walter Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (1861–1886), eldest son of the 6th Duke, died unmarried
  • John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch, 9th Duke of Queensberry (1864–1935), second son of the 6th Duke
  • Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch, 10th Duke of Queensberry (1894–1973), eldest son of the 7th Duke
  • John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch, 11th Duke of Queensberry (1923–2007), only son of the 8th Duke
  • Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch, 12th Duke of Queensberry (b. 1954), eldest son of the 9th Duke

See also

Trivia

  • Nick Carraway, the narrator of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, claims to be descended from the Dukes of Buccleuch, but simultaneously points out that this is not true—his family was 'founded' by his grandfather's brother who came over in 1851.

References


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  • Duke of Buccleuch — [bəˈkluː] ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel der Familie Montagu Douglas Scott in der Peerage of Scotland. Der Titel leitet sich von einer Siedlung in der Nähe von Selkirk, Scottish Borders, ab. Der Name der Familie wechselte von Scott über… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke of Buccleuch collection — Old Woman Reading, Rembrandt, 1655 The art collection of the Duke of Buccleuch, is amongst the finest in private hands, and encompasses a wide range of western artwork. The holdings, principally collected over a period of 300 years, comprise some …   Wikipedia

  • John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch — Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch and 11th Duke of Queensberry, KT, VRD, JP, DL (28 September 1923 ndash; 4 September 2007) was a Scottish Peer, politician and landowner. He served in the Royal Naval Volunteer… …   Wikipedia

  • John Scott, 9. Duke of Buccleuch — John Scott, 9. Duke of Buccleuch, 11. Duke of Queensberry Walter Francis John Montagu Douglas Scott, 9. Duke of Buccleuch, 11. Duke of Queensberry, KT (* 28. September 1923 in Westminster; † 4. September 2007 in Selkirk, Scottish Borders) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch — Charles William Henry Montagu Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch 6th Duke of Queensberry, KT (24 May 1772 – 20 April 1819) was the son of Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and Lady Elizabeth Montagu. His maternal grandparents were George Montagu, 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Scott, 3. Duke of Buccleuch — Henry Scott, 3. Duke of Buccleuch, etwa 1760 Henry Scott, 3. Duke of Buccleuch, 5. Duke of Queensberry KG, KT (* 2. September 1746 in London; † 11. Januar 1812 auf Dalkeith Castle) war ein schottischer Adliger und Politiker. Henry Scott war ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch — Richard Walter John Montagu Douglas Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch and 12th Duke of Queensberry KBE, DL (b. 14 February 1954) is the current Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry, as well as Chief of Clan Scott. Early life and EducationScott was born… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch — Walter John Montagu Douglas Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch, 10th Duke of Queensberry KT GCVO TD PC (December 30 1894 ndash;October 4 1973) was a politician and Conservative peer. He was the son of John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch.… …   Wikipedia

  • Francis Scott, 2. Duke of Buccleuch — KT, FRS (* 11. Januar 1695; † 22. April 1751 in London) war ein schottischer Adliger. Francis Scott war der einzige Sohn des James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith, und dessen Gemahlin Henrietta Hyde. Er folgte seiner Großmutter Anne als Duke of Buccleuch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch — KT FRS (11 January 1694/95 22 April 1751) was a Scottish nobleman.He was the son of Sir James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith (son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch) and Lady Henrietta Hyde, daughter of… …   Wikipedia


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