Lusatian Neisse


Lusatian Neisse
Lusatian Neisse
River
Nysa near Skerbersdorf, Krauschwitz municipality
Countries Czech Republic, Poland, Germany
Source Jizera Mountains
 - location Nová Ves nad Nisou, Liberec Region, Czech Republic
 - elevation 655 m (2,149 ft)
 - coordinates 50°43′47″N 15°13′44″E / 50.72972°N 15.22889°E / 50.72972; 15.22889
Mouth Oder
 - location Neißemünde, Brandenburg, Germany
 - elevation 32 m (105 ft)
 - coordinates 52°4′11″N 14°45′20″E / 52.06972°N 14.75556°E / 52.06972; 14.75556
Length 252 km (157 mi)
Basin 4,297 km2 (1,659 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 30 m3/s (1,059 cu ft/s)
Oder and Neisse rivers

The Lusatian Neisse (Czech: Lužická Nisa; German: Lausitzer Neiße; Polish: Nysa Łużycka; Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa) is a 252 km (157 mi) long river in Central Europe.[1][2] The river has its source in the Jizera Mountains near Nová Ves nad Nisou, Czech Republic, reaching the tripoint with Poland and Germany at Zittau after 54 km (34 mi), and later forms the Polish-German border on a length of 198 km (123 mi). The Lusatian Neisse is a left tributary of the Oder river, into which it flows between Neißemünde-Ratzdorf and Kosarzyn north of the towns of Guben and Gubin.

According to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement in the aftermath of World War II, the river became part of the Polish western border with Germany (the Oder-Neisse line). It is the longest and most notable of the three rivers named Neisse (Neiße) (German) or Nysa (Polish) (the two other rivers being Nysa Kłodzka (Glatzer Neisse) and Nysa Szalona (Wütende Neiße or Jauersche Neiße)). It is therefore often simply called Nysa or Neisse. An older Polish variant, no longer used, was Nissa.[3]

Contents

Name

Since the river runs through the historic region of Lusatia, the adjective before the name of the river Neisse differentiates this particular river from the Nysa Kłodzka (Glatzer Neisse) and the small Nysa Szalona (Wütende Neiße or Jauersche Neiße) in Silesia.

Cities

At Bad Muskau the Neisse flows through Muskau Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cities and towns on the river from source to mouth include:

Tributaries

Right

Left

See also

References

  1. ^ Neisse River at www.britannica.com. Accessed on 4 Feb 2011.
  2. ^ Transnational Pilot River Basin at http://eagri.cz/public. Accessed on 4 Feb 2011.
  3. ^ Dekret z dnia 26 października 1945 r. o ustanowieniu "Medalu za Odrę, Nissę, Bałtyk" (Dz. U. z 1945 r. Nr 50, poz. 285)

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lusatian Neisse — noun A river in the Czech Republic (54 km) and along the Polish German border (198 km) …   Wiktionary

  • Neisse (disambiguation) — Neisse (also German: Neiße) may refer to: Contents 1 Places 2 Rivers 3 Other uses 4 See also Places …   Wikipedia

  • Neisse — Río Neisse (Łužiska Nysa Lužická Nisa Lausitzer Neiße Nysa Łużyck) Desembocadura del Neisse en el Oder País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Neisse River — ▪ river, Europe Polish  Nysa        either of two rivers now in southwestern Poland (until 1945, in Germany). The better known Nysa Łużycka, or Lusatian Neisse, is the longer (157 miles [252 km]) and more westerly; it forms part of the German… …   Universalium

  • Lusatian League — The Lusatian League ( de. Oberlausitzer Sechsstädtebund; cs. Šestiměstí; pl. Związek Sześciu Miast) was a historical alliance of six towns in the Upper Lusatia region. The towns were Bautzen, Görlitz, Zittau, Kamenz, Löbau, and Lauban. The first… …   Wikipedia

  • Lusatian Mountains — ▪ mountains, Czech Republic Czech  Lužické Hory , German  Lausitzer Gebirge        mountain group, situated in extreme northern Bohemia, Czech Republic; it is part of the Sudeten mountains (Czech: Sudety). The group extends from the Ještěd ridge… …   Universalium

  • Oder–Neisse line — The Oder Neisse line The Oder Neisse line at Usedom …   Wikipedia

  • Oder-Neisse line — The Oder Neisse line ( pl. Granica na Odrze i Nysie Łużyckiej, de. Oder Neiße Grenze) was drawn in the aftermath of World War II as the eastern border of Germany and the western border of Poland. The line is formed primarily by the rivers Oder… …   Wikipedia

  • Oder–Neisse Line — ▪ international boundary, Europe       Polish–German border devised by the Allied powers at the end of World War II; it transferred a large section of German territory to Poland and was a matter of contention between the Federal Republic of… …   Universalium

  • Upper Lusatia — coat of arms of Upper Lusatia and Bautzen Upper Lusatia (German: Oberlausitz, Upper Sorbian: Hornja Łužica, Lower Sorbian: Górna Łužyca, Czech: Horní Lužice, Polish …   Wikipedia


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