- Maumee River
The Maumee River at Grand Rapids, Ohio
Origin Fort Wayne by the confluence of the St. Joseph and St. Marys. Mouth Lake Erie at Toledo Basin countries USA Length 137 miles (220 km) Source elevation 750 ft (229 m) Mouth elevation 571 ft (174 m) Avg. discharge 5,297 ft³/s (150 m³/s) Basin area 6,354 mi² (16,458 km²)
The Maumee River is a river in northwestern Ohio and northeastern Indiana in the United States. It is formed at Fort Wayne, Indiana by the confluence of the St. Joseph and St. Marys rivers, and meanders northeastwardly for 137 miles (220 km) through an agricultural region of glacial moraines before flowing into the Maumee Bay of Lake Erie at the city of Toledo, Ohio. It was designated an Ohio State Scenic River on July 18, 1974.
Historically the river was also known as the "Miami" in United States treaties with Native Americans. As early as 1671, French colonists called the river was called Miami du Lac, or Miami of the Lake (in contrast to the "Miami of the Ohio" or the Great Miami River). Maumee is an anglicized spelling of the Ottawa name for the Miami Indians, Maamii.
The Battle of Fallen Timbers, the final battle of the Northwest Indian War, was fought 3/4 mile (1.2 km) north of the banks of the Maumee River. After this decisive victory for General Anthony Wayne, Native Americans ceded a twelve mile square tract around Perrysburg and Maumee to the United States by the Treaty of Greenville in 1795. Lands north of the river and downstream of Defiance were ceded in 1807, and the rest of the Maumee River valley was ceded in 1817.
Prior to the development of canals, portages between the rivers were important trade routes. US forces built forts such as Fort Loramie, Fort Recovery, and Fort Defiance. In honor of General Wayne's victory on the banks of the Maumee, the primary bridge crossing the river near downtown Toledo is named the Anthony Wayne Suspension Bridge.
The watershed of the Maumee River was a large wetlands known as the Great Black Swamp. In the nineteenth century, settlers struggled to drain it to convert the fertile land to farmland, altering an important habitat for migrating birds and a variety of wildlife. The wetlands was the remains of Glacial Lake Maumee, the proglacial ancestor of Lake Erie.
The mouth of the river at Lake Erie is wide and supports considerable commercial traffic, including oil, grain, and coal. However, about 12 miles (19 km) upstream, in the town of Perrysburg, Ohio, the river becomes much shallower and supports only recreational navigation above that point. The abandoned Miami and Erie Canal paralleled the Maumee between Defiance, Ohio and Toledo; portions of its towpath are currently maintained for recreational use. The Wabash and Erie Canal continued on from Defiance to Fort Wayne, crossing the "summit" to the Wabash River valley. Both were important pre-railway transportation methods in the 1840-60 period. The Miami and Erie was north of the river, until it crossed an aqueduct and turned south at Defiance, headed for Cincinnati. The Wabash canal was south of the Maumee until it reached Fort Wayne.
The Maumee has the largest watershed of any Great Lakes riverwith 8,316 square miles (21,540 km2). Its watershed includes a portion of southern Michigan. In addition to its source tributaries the St. Joseph and St. Marys rivers, the Maumee's principal tributaries are the Auglaize River and the Tiffin River, which join it at Defiance from the south and north, respectively.
- Indian Island - near Farnsworth Park west of Toledo
- Missionary Island - actually several islands; near Farnsworth Park west of Toledo
- Granger Island - near Waterville, Ohio
- Butler Island - near Side Cut Metropark
- Bluegrass Island - part of Side Cut Metropark
- Audubon Island - the largest island in the Maumee River, formerly McKee's Island or Ewing Island, part of SideCut Park
- Marengo Island - near Maumee, Ohio
- Horseshoe Island - near Walbridge Park in Toledo
- Clark Island - near Walbridge Park in Toledo
- Corbutt Island - in Toledo
- Grassy Island - near Cullen Park in Toledo
- Preston Island - near Defiance, Ohio
According to the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, the annual walleye run up the Maumee River is one of the largest migrations of riverbound walleyes east of the Mississippi. The migration of the walleye normally starts in early March and runs through the end of April. Although the first week of April is "historically" the peak of the migration, it varies according to environmental conditions. When river flows rise due to snow melt-off and the river water temperature reaches 40 - 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the migration begins. Walleye come to spawn from the western end of Lake Erie, and the Detroit River and Lake St. Clair in Michigan. The most popular method of fishing for the migrating walleye is by wading out into the river and casting.
Cities and towns along the river
- Antwerp, Ohio
- Defiance, Ohio
- Florida, Ohio
- Fort Wayne, Indiana
- Grand Rapids, Ohio
- Maumee, Ohio
- Napoleon, Ohio
- New Haven, Indiana
- Perrysburg, Ohio
- Rossford, Ohio
- Toledo, Ohio
- Waterville, Ohio
- Great Black Swamp
- List of Indiana rivers
- List of Ohio rivers
- USS Maumee (AO-2) — a fleet oiler built in 1915.
- Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, "Rivers of North America". Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 19, 2011
- ^ 7 Stat. 49 - Text of Treaty of Greenville Library of Congress
- ^ 7 Stat. 105 - Text of Treaty of Detroit Library of Congress
- ^ 7 Stat. 160 - Text of Treaty of Fort Meigs Library of Congress
- ^ "Maumee River Area of Concern". http://epa.gov/glnpo/aoc/maumee.html. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- ^ Google Maps
- ^ Toledo Metroparks
- Maumee River Wakeboard & Ski Site
- Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor
- EPA Maumee River site
- Maumee River Basin Commission (Indiana)
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Maumee River
Protected areas of Ohio FederalNational parksCedar Point • Ottawa • West Sister Island State
Adams Lake • Alum Creek • A. W. Marion • Barkcamp • Beaver Creek • Blue Rock • Buck Creek • Buckeye Lake • Burr Oak • Caesar Creek • Catawba Island • Cleveland Lakefront • Cowan Lake • Deer Creek • Delaware • Dillon • East Fork • East Harbor • Findley • Forked Run • Geneva • Grand Lake St. Marys • Great Seal • Guilford Lake • Harrison Lake • Headlands Beach • Hocking Hills • Hueston Woods • Independence Dam • Indian Lake • Jackson Lake • Jefferson Lake • John Bryan • Kelleys Island • Kiser Lake • Lake Alma • Lake Hope • Lake Logan • Lake Loramie • Lake Milton • Lake White • Little Miami • Madison Lake • Malabar Farm • Marblehead Lighthouse • Mary Jane Thurston • Middle Bass Island • Maumee Bay • Mohican • Mosquito Lake • Mt. Gilead • Muskingum River • Nelson Kennedy Ledges • Paint Creek • Pike Lake • Portage Lakes • Punderson • Pymatuning • Quail Hollow • Rocky Fork • Salt Fork • Scioto Trail • Shawnee • South Bass Island • Stonelick • Strouds Run • Sycamore • Tar Hollow • Tinkers Creek • Van Buren • West Branch • Wingfoot Lake • Wolf RunState nature
Acadia Cliffs • Adams Lake Prairie • Audubon Islands • Augusta-Anne Olsen • Aurora Sanctuary • Baker Woods • Evans Beck Memorial • Betsch Fen • Bigelow Cemetery • Blackhand Gorge • Bonnet Pond • Boord • Brown's Lake Bog • Burton Wetlands • Caesar Creek Gorge • Lou Campbell • Carmean Woods • Cedar Bog • Chaparral Prairie • Christmas Rocks • Clear Creek • Clear Fork Gorge • Clifton Gorge • Howard Collier • Compass Plant Prairie • Conkle's Hollow • Copperrider-Kent Bog • Crabill Fen • Cranberry Bog • Crane Hollow • Crooked Run • Culberson Woods • Davey Woods • Davis Memorial • Marie J. Desonier • Drew Woods • Dupont Marsh • Eagle Creek • Emerald Hills • Erie Sand Barrens • Etawah Woods • Flatiron Lake Bog • Fowler Woods • Frame Lake Fen • Gahanna Woods • Gallagher/Springfield Fen • Goll Woods • Goode Prairie • Gott Fen • Greenbelt • Greenville Falls • Gross Memorial Woods • Hatch-Otis • Halls Creek • Headlands Dunes • Hueston Woods • Hutchins (Highland) • Irwin Prairie • Jackson Bog • Johnson Ridge • Johnson Woods • Karlo Fen • Kendrick Woods • Kessler Swamp • Kiser Lake Wetlands • Kitty Todd • Knox Woods • Kyle Woods • Ladd Natural Bridge • Lake Katharine • Lakeside Daisy • Lawrence Woods • Little Rocky Hollow • Mantua Bog • Marsh Wetlands • McCracken Fen • Mentor Marsh • Milford Center Railroad Prairie • Miller • Morris Woods • Mud Lake Bog • Myersville • Newberry • North Pond • North Shore Alvar • Novak Sanctuary • Old Woman Creek • Owens/Liberty Fen • Pallister • Pickerington Ponds • Portage Lakes Wetland • Prairie Road Fen • William C. McCoy • Raven Rock • Rhododendeon Cove • Rockbridge • Rome • Rothenbuhler Woods • Saltpetre Cave • Sears Woods • Seymour Woods • Shallenberger • Sharon Woods Gorge • Sheepskin Hollow • Sheick Hollow • Sheldon Marsh • Shoemaker • Siegenthaler-Kaestner Esker • Smith Cemetery • Spring Beauty Dell • Spring Brook Sanctuary • Springville Marsh • Stage's Pond • Strait Creek Prairie • Stratford Woods • Swamp Cottonwood • Edward Thomas • Tinker's Creek • Travertine Fen • Triangle Lake Bog • Trillium Trails • Walter Tucker • Tummonds • Warder-Perkins • Whipple • White Pine Bog Forest • Zimmermand PrairieState
Ashtabula County Metroparks • Cleveland Metroparks • Columbus Metro Parks • Erie MetroParks • Five Rivers MetroParks • Geauga Park District • Hamilton County Park District • Johnny Appleseed Metro Parks • Lake Metroparks • Lorain County Metro Parks • Metroparks of Butler County • Metro Parks, Serving Summit County • Metroparks of the Toledo Area • Mill Creek MetroParks • Trumbull County MetroParks •
Ohio Department of Natural Resources (web)
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Maumee River — Maumee River, Fluß in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nordamerika, gebildet bei Fort Wayne im Staate Indiana aus der Vereinigung von St. Joseph s u. St. Mary s River, fließt durch den nordwestlichen Theil des Staates Ohio u. fällt in die Maumee Bai… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Maumee River — ▪ river, United States river formed near Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S., by the confluence of the St. Joseph and St. Marys rivers. It flows northeast into Ohio, past Defiance and on to Toledo, where it enters Lake Erie through Maumee Bay. About 130 … Universalium
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