Robert Faurisson


Robert Faurisson

Robert Faurisson (born January 25, 1929) is a French former professor of literature at the University of Lyon and a Holocaust denier who has generated controversy over various articles he has published in the Journal of Historical Review and elsewhere, as well as various letters he has sent to French newspapers (especially "Le Monde") over the years which deny the existence of homicidal gas chambers in Nazi concentration camps and question whether there was actually a systematic killing of European Jews using gas during World War II.

Views, work and criticism

Faurisson, like most Frenchmen of that era, has said that he had anti-German sentiments during and immediately following World War II, but after reading the works of fellow Frenchmen Paul Rassinier and Maurice Bardèche, he began to question the Holocaust. Faurisson states that over the years he studied the Holocaust extensively, in the late 1970s came to the conclusion that it was a hoax. Since then he has written numerous letters to newspapers, published several books, and written many articles for Holocaust denial journals questioning the occurrence of the Holocaust.

Faurisson counts among his acquaintances and friends a number of Holocaust deniers, including the German-Canadian Ernst Zündel, Swedish Ditlieb Felderer and Moroccan expatriate Ahmed Rami. [ [http://www.phdn.org/negation/faurisson/ Faurisson, un falsificateur] by Gilles Karmasyn, PHDN (French)]

In 1991 Faurisson, in collaboration with Siegfried Verbeke, published the Dutch-language brochure "Het "Dagboek" van Anne Frank. Een kritische benadering" ("The 'Diary' of Anne Frank - A Critical Evaluation"), which claimed that the diary of Anne Frank is a forgery since the original handwritten manuscript cannot be that of a child; the brochure was banned in the NetherlandsFact|date=September 2008.

As core arguments, Faurisson claims that to be feasible the Nazi gas chambers would have needed perfect hermetic sealing, a special introduction and distribution system for the gas, an elaborate ventilation system to eliminate the gas from the chambers after the mass murders, a system to neutralize the exhausted gases, and, separately, an expertly constructed device to eliminate the gas which would adhere to the bodies, making further handling lethal. These arguments were refuted in the book "Les Crématoires d’Auschwitz", written in 1993 by a former supporter of Faurisson, Jean-Claude Pressac, who had familiarised himself with the installations at Auschwitz while searching for evidence to support Faurisson's arguments. Faurisson has attacked the book in writing numerous times since its publication.

Christopher Hitchens has described Faurisson's goal as "the rehabilitation, in pseudo scholarly form, of the Third Reich" [ [http://www.zmag.org/chomsky/other/85-hitchens.html The Chorus and Cassandra] , by C. Hitchens, Grand Street Magazine, Autumn 1985] [Werner Cohn, "Partners in Hate: Noam Chomsky and the Holocaust Deniers", Cambridge, Avukah, 1995] . Faurisson claims to be apolitical and an atheist.

In the early to mid 1980s, the American intellectual Noam Chomsky drew much criticism for defending Faurisson's right to publish his claims on the grounds of freedom of speech. "See" Faurisson Affair.

In 1991, Faurisson was removed from his university chair on the basis of his views under the Gayssot Act, a French statute passed in 1990 that prohibited Holocaust denial. He challenged the statute as a violation of international law at the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Human Rights Committee. The Human Rights Committee upheld the Gayssot Act as necessary to counter possible anti-Semitism. Further trials followed, among them one in connection with a publication on the website of the "Association des anciens amateurs de récits de guerre et d'Holocauste" (AAARGH) in 1998, of which he was absolved due to lack of evidence of his authorship.

Faurisson was charged again in a trial on July 11, 2006. He was accused of denying the Holocaust in an interview with the Iranian television station "Sahar 1" in February 2005. On October 3, 2006 he was given a three-month probationary sentence and fined €7,500 for this offence. In December 2006 Faurisson gave a speech at the International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust, which was sponsored by the government of Iran. He repeated his theories about gas chambers and said that in the past 32 years he had been waiting for someone to show him one of those chambers.

References

External links

* [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/11/world/middleeast/11cnd-iran.html?hp&ex=1165899600&en=89a54e1e0974643d&ei=5094&partner=homepage Holocaust Deniers and Skeptics Gather in Iran] , The New York Times
* [http://www.amnistia.net/news/enquetes/negauniv/faurisson/faurisson.htm Quand le négationnisme s'invite à l'université] , by Didier Daeninckx, amnistia.net, March 20, 2000 (French)
* [http://www.intelligence.org.il/eng/memri/feb_e_05.htm French Holocaust Denier on Ban of Al-Manar: 'The Big Lie of the Alleged Holocaust ... is the Shield of Jewish Tyranny... Destroy it'] , Faurisson in an interview to Iran's Mehr News Agency (MNA) about France's decision to ban Al-Manar TV, intelligence.org.il / MEMRI
* [http://www.codoh.com/author/faurisson.html Robert Faurisson Archive] , CODOH's Archive of Faurisson's works
* [http://www.nizkor.org/ftp.cgi/people/f/ftp.py?people/f//faurisson.robert nizkor.org] , Nizkor Project's entries on Faurrison
* [http://www.holocaust-history.org/cgi-bin/AT-thhpsearch.cgi?search=faurisson holocaust-history.org] , Holocaust History Project's entries on Faurrison


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Faurisson — (né le 25 janvier 1929 à Shepperton, comté de Surrey, Royaume Uni), est un universitaire français et professeur de lettres aujourd hui retraité, avant tout connu comme militant et auteur négationniste. Il nie l existence des chambres à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Faurisson — (* 25. Januar 1929 in Shepperton, Surrey, England), ist ein französischer Literaturwissenschaftler. Er ist einer der bekanntesten Holocaustleugner, der den Einsatz von Gaskammern in den nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungslagern bei der Ermordung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Faurisson — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Faurisson (nacido en 1929) es un profesor de literatura francés que generó una gran controversia con un artículo, publicado en el Journal of Historical Review, y más tarde un libro (1979), en los que negaba la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Faurisson — (nacido 1929) es un profesor de literatura francés que generó una gran controversia con un artículo, publicado en el Journal of Historical Review, y más tarde un libro (1979), en los que negaba la existencia de cámaras de gas en los campos de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Faurisson — Robert Faurisson Robert Faurisson (né le 25 janvier 1929 à Shepperton, comté de Surrey, Royaume Uni), est un universitaire français et professeur de lettres aujourd hui retraité, avant tout connu comme militant et auteur négationniste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Faurisson — Robert Faurisson (* 25. Januar 1929 in Shepperton, Surrey, England), ist ein französischer Literaturwissenschaftler. Er ist einer der bekanntesten Holocaustleugner, der den Einsatz von Gaskammern in den nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungslagern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Badinter — Mandats Sénateur des Hauts de Seine 24 septembre  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Faurisson affair — The Faurisson affair is a term given to an academic controversy in the wake of a book by Robert Faurisson, a Holocaust denier. The scandal largely dealt with the inclusion of an essay by Noam Chomsky, Some Elementary Comments on the Rights of… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Pioche — Olivier Mathieu Olivier Mathieu est un écrivain d origine belge, né à Paris le 14 octobre 1960 et naturalisé français en 1974. Il est notamment connu pour s être à plusieurs reprises revendiqué du national socialisme[1],[2], pour ses propos… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Badinter — am 3. Februar 2007 auf einer Demonstration gegen die Todesstrafe in Paris. Robert Badinter (* 30. März 1928 in Paris) ist ein französischer Juraprofessor, Anwalt, Autor und Politiker (parti socialiste). Noch im Jahr seines Amtsantritts als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.