Gudgeon (fish)

Gudgeon (fish)

Gudgeon is a common name for a number of small freshwater fishes of the families Cyprinidae, Eleotridae or Ptereleotridae. Most gudgeons are elongate, bottom-dwelling fish, many of which live in rapids and other fast moving water.

Gudgeons in the family Cyprinidae

Various cyprinid gudgeons are found in lakes and rivers throughout Europe. Most commonly gudgeon refers to "Gobio gobio". This species is a rheophilic or schooling species that occurs in riverine habitats across continental Europe and the United Kingdom. "G. gobio" feeds on a variety of invertebrates.

Gudgeons in the family Eleotridae

Known commonly as gudgeons, many species in the family Eleotridae are also called sleeper gobies. Unlike gobies, Eleotridae gudgeons have paired ventral fins rather than a fused ventral fin [Helfman G., Collette B., & Facey D.: The Diversity of Fishes, Blackwell Publishing, p 264, 1997, ISBN 0-86542-256-7] . In Australia, gudgeons from the family Eleotridae are widespread and are popular aquarium residents.

Gudgeons in the family Ptereleotridae

Gudgeons in the family Ptereleotridae are primarily marine species and are often associated with tropical coral reefs.


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  • Gudgeon — For the freshwater fish, see gudgeon (fish). In general, a gudgeon is a circular fitting, often made of metal, which is fixed onto some surface. It allows for the pivoting of another fixture. It is generally used with a pintle, which is a male… …   Wikipedia

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  • Fish — are aquatic vertebrate animals that are typically ectothermic (previously cold blooded), covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. Fish are abundant in the sea and in fresh water, with species being …   Wikipedia

  • gudgeon — Ⅰ. gudgeon [1] ► NOUN ▪ a small freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers. ORIGIN Old French goujon, from Latin gobius goby . Ⅱ. gudgeon [2] ► NOUN 1) a pivot or spindle on which something swings or ro …   English terms dictionary

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  • gudgeon — {{11}}gudgeon (1) small freshwater fish, early 15c., from M.Fr. goujon, from O.Fr. gojon (14c.), from L. gobionem (nom. gobio), alteration of gobius, from Gk. kobios, a kind of fish, of unknown origin. The figurative sense of a credulous person… …   Etymology dictionary

  • gudgeon — I. /ˈgʌdʒən/ (say gujuhn) noun 1. (plural gudgeon or gudgeons) any of various species of small marine and freshwater fish of the family Gobiidae, as the snakehead gudgeon, Ophiocara aporos, of northern Australia. 2. (plural gudgeon or gudgeons) a …   Australian English dictionary

  • gudgeon — gudgeon1 /guj euhn/, n. 1. a small, European, freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, of the minnow family, having a threadlike barbel at each corner of the mouth, used as bait. 2. any of certain related fishes. 3. a person who is easily duped or cheated.… …   Universalium

  • fish — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) I v. angle; pull out, dredge; solicit; search. See pursuit, desire, fish, food. II Aquatic vertebrate animal Nouns 1. fish, denizen of the deep, Pisces; anadromous, freshwater or saltwater fish, tropical …   English dictionary for students

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