Danish Gold Coast


Danish Gold Coast
A contemporary drawing of the Danish colonial fort, Fort Christiansborg, now Osu Castle. The outpost to the right is Fort Prøvestenen

The Danish Gold Coast was a part of the Gold Coast (roughly present-day Ghana), which is on the West African Gulf of Guinea (hence the territory is sometimes called Danish Guinea). It was colonized by the Danes, first under indirect rule by the Danish West India Company (a chartered company), later as a crown colony.

In 1850 the five Danish Gold Coast Settlements were sold to the United Kingdom and were incorporated into the British Gold Coast.


Contents

History

On April 20, 1663, the Danish seizure of Fort Christiansborg and Carlsborg (Cape Castle) completed the annexation of the Swedish Gold Coast settlements. 1674–1755 the settlements were administered by the Danish West India-Guinea Company. From December 1680 to 29 August 1682, the Portuguese occupied Fort Christiansborg.

In 1750 it was made a Danish crown colony. 1782–1785 it was under British occupation. On 30 March 1850 all Danish Gold Coast Settlements were sold to Britain and incorporated into the British Gold Coast.

The title of its chief colonial administrator was Opperhoved (singular; sometimes rendered in English as Station Chief) since 1658, only in 1766 upgraded to Governor.

Forts and settlements

Main forts

The following forts were in the possession of Denmark until all forts were sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.

Map of the main forts of the Danish Gold Coast
Christiansborg
Fredensborg
Prinsensten
Kongensten
Augustaborg
Map of the main forts of the Danish Gold Coast
Place in Ghana Fort name Founded/
Occupied
Ceded Comments
Accra Fort Christiansborg 1658 1850 First captured from the Swedes in 1658. Occupied between 1680 and 1682 by the Portuguese. Sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.
Old Ningo Fort Fredensborg 1734 1850 Sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.
Keta Fort Prinsensten 1780 1850 Sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.
Ada Fort Kongensten 1784 1850 Sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.
Teshie Fort Augustaborg 1787 1850 Sold to the United Kingdom in 1850.

Temporarily held forts and trading posts

Apart from these main forts, several forts and trading posts were temporarily held by the Danes.

Place in Ghana Fort name Founded/
Occupied
Ceded Comments
Cape Coast Fort Carlsborg 1658 1664 Captured from the Swedes in 1658. Captured by the British in 1664.
Amanful Fort Frederiksborg 1659 1685
Cong Cong Heights 1659 1661

See also

  • Colonial Heads of Danish Gold Coast the office-holders of the Danish Gold Coast

Sources and references

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of colonial heads of the Danish Gold Coast — Colonial Heads of the Danish Gold Coast Settlements The Danish Gold Coast was established on the eastern Gold Coast (present day Ghana): Fort Friedensborg (Ningo) Fort Christiansborg Fort Augustaborg (Tshi) Fort Prinzenstein (Keta) Fort… …   Wikipedia

  • Gold Coast — may refer to:Colonization*The Gold Coast (region) in west Africa, which was made up of the following colonies: **Gold Coast (British colony), British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa **Brandenburger Gold Coast, former German colony… …   Wikipedia

  • Gold Coast (British colony) — This article is about the British colony in west Africa, 1821 1957. For other uses, see Gold Coast (disambiguation) Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Colony of Gold Coast common name = Gold Coast| continent = Africa… …   Wikipedia

  • Gold Coast (region) — The Gold Coast was the region of West Africa which is now the nation of Ghana. Early uses of the term refer literally to the coast and not the interior. It is not until the 19th century that the term comes to refer to areas that are far from the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gold Coast, Exchanges of Forts on — (1850, 1868)    A series of agreements among Britain, Denmark, and the Netherlands to effectively bring the African Gold Coast under British control. Centuries of European rivalry on the Gold Coast led to the construction of a series of coastal… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Dutch Gold Coast — Nederlandse Bezittingen ter Kuste van Guinea Dutch colony 1598–1872 …   Wikipedia

  • Swedish Gold Coast — Cabo Corso Svenska Guldkusten Swedish colony ← …   Wikipedia

  • Brandenburger Gold Coast — Inside Groß Friedrichsburg. View in February 1884. The Brandenburger Gold Coast, later Prussian Gold Coast, was a part of the Gold Coast. The Brandenburg colony existed from 1682 to 1717. Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Portuguese Gold Coast — The Portuguese Gold Coast was a Portuguese colony on the West African Gold Coast (present day Ghana) on the Gulf of Guinea. History The Portuguese established the following settlements on the Gold Coast from January 21, 1482 …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Dutch Gold Coast Treaty (1867) — Anglo Dutch Gold Coast Treaty Convention between Great Britain and the Netherlands for an Interchange of Territory on the Gold Coast of Africa[1] The Du …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.