Psalter


Psalter

A Psalter is a volume containing the Book of Psalms and which often contains other devotional material. Various schemes for the arrangement of the Psalms are described in Latin Psalters.

In the early Middle Ages Psalters were amongst the most popular types of illuminated manuscripts, rivaled only by the Gospel Books, from which they gradually took over as the type of manuscript chosen for lavish illumination. Medieval Psalters often included a calendar, a litany of saints, canticles from the Old and New Testaments, as well as other devotional texts. Many Psalters were lavishly illuminated with full-page miniatures as well as decorated initials.

In British North America, the first book printed was the Bay Psalm Book in 1640 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Psalms in it are metrical translations into English.

The psalter is also a part of either the Horologion or the breviary, used to say the Liturgy of the Hours in the Eastern and Western Christian worlds respectively.

Eastern Orthodox

In the Eastern Orthodox Church the Psalter is divided into 20 kathismata, for reading at Vespers and Matins. "Kathisma" means sitting, since the people normally sit during the reading of the psalms. Each kathisma is divided into three stases, from "stasis", to stand, because each stasis ends with Glory to the Father…, at which everyone stands. The reading of the kathismata are so arranged that the entire Psalter is read through in the course of a week (during Great Lent it is read through twice in a week). During Bright Week (Easter Week) there is no reading from the Psalter. Orthodox Psalters usually also contain the Biblical canticles, which are read at the canon of Matins during Great Lent. Some Orthodox Psalters also contain special prayers for the departed, which are used during the wake, when the psalms are read over the deceased (see Christian burial).

ignificant Psalters

Illuminated manuscripts
*Cathach of St. Columba, early 7th century
*Psalterium Sinaiticum, 11th century
*Canterbury Psalter, 1147CE
*Salaberga Psalter
*Vespasian Psalter, 2nd quarter of the 8th century
*Irish Bog Psalter
*Psalter of Lothaire
*Montpellier Psalter
*Chludov Psalter, 3rd quarter of the 9th century
*Stuttgart Psalter
*Utrecht Psalter, 9th century
*Southampton Psalter
*Gertrude Psalter, late 10th century with mid-11th century illuminations
*Stavelot Psalter
*Bosworth Psalter
*Aethelstan Psalter
*Harley Psalter
*Ramsey Psalter
*Codex Vossanius
*Paris Psalter, 10th century
*Heidelberg Psalter
*Vatopedi Psalter
*St. Albans Psalter
*Theodore Psalter
*Eadui Psalter
*Tiberias Psalter
*Vitellius Psalter
*Winchester Psalter
*Melisende Psalter, circa 1135
*Shaftesbury Psalter
*Westminster Psalter
*Camaldoli Psalter
*Gough Psalter
*London Psalter
*Psalter of Lambert de Bègue
*Grandisson Psalter
*Huth Psalter
*Oscott Psalter
*Alphonso Psalter
*Rutland Psalter
*Felbrigge Psalter
*Psalter of Robert de Lindesey
*Ramsey Psalter
*Psalter of St. Louis
*Luttrell Psalter
*Gorleston Psalter
*Macclesfield Psalter
*De Lisle Psalter
*Queen Mary Psalter
*St. Omer Psalter
*Psalter of Henry VIII
*Tomich Psalter
*Psalter of Bonne de Luxembourg
*Tickhill Psalter
*Ormesby Psalter
*Psalter of Jean, Duc de Berry
*Vienna Bohun Psalter
*Kiev Psalter of 1397
* [http://www.abdn.ac.uk/diss/historic/collects/bps/ Burnet Psalter]
*Sofia Psalter
*St. John's Bible- Psalms, 2007

Printed Psalters
*Psalterium Romanum, 1457 [Mainz] , Johann Fust and Peter Schöffer. The first printed psalter. [ Margaret Stillwell, The Beginning of the World of Books: 1450 to 1470, New York, 1972, no. 18. ]
*Psalterium Benedictinum, 1459 [Mainz] , Johann Fust and Peter Schöffer. The second printed psalter. [ Margaret Stillwell, The Beginning of the World of Books: 1450 to 1470, New York, 1972, no. 27. ]
*Geneva Psalter, 1562
*Davids' Psalter, 1579
*Scottish Psalter,1635 and 1650
*Bay Psalm Book, 1640
*Grail, The Psalms, 1963, 1993
*ICEL Psalter, 1995
* New England Psalter

ee also

*Metrical psalter
*Book of Hours
*Latin Psalters

References


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  • Psalter — Sm Buch der Psalmen, mittelalterliches liturgisches Textbuch, mittelalterliche Zither per. Wortschatz fach. (9. Jh.), mhd. psalter, ahd. salteri, saltāri [p]u.ä. Entlehnung Ist entlehnt aus kirchen l. psaltērium n., dieses aus gr. psaltḗrion n.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Psalter — (vom althochdeutschen psalteri, das sich vom kirchenlateinisch psalterium und dem griechisch psaltérion ableitet) ist: das Buch der Psalmen im Alten Testament ein mittelalterliches liturgisches Textbuch mit Psalmen und Wechselgesängen, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Psalter — [sôl′tər] n. [altered (infl. by L) < ME sauter < OE saltere & OFr sautier, both < L psalterium, stringed instrument, in LL(Ec), the Psalms < Gr psaltērion, harp, in LGr(Ec), the Psalter < psallein, to twitch, pluck] 1. the Book of… …   English World dictionary

  • Psalter — Psal ter, n. [OE. psauter, sauter, OF. sautier, psaltier, F. psautier, from L. psalterium. See {Psaltery}.] 1. The Book of Psalms; often applied to a book containing the Psalms separately printed. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically, the Book of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Psalter — (Psalterium), 1) (Nablium, Nebel), ein altes harfenähnliches Saiteninstrument; 2) die Psalmensammlung; 3) langer Rosenkranz, welchen die Nonnen mehrer Orden tragen; 4) die bestimmten Psalmen im Brevier, s.d. 1); 5) der Blättermagen der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Psalter — (griech Psalterion), das Buch der Psalmen (s. d.); altes Saiteninstrument, dessen Saiten mit den Fingern oder einem Plektron gerissen wurden: das Kinnor der Hebräer, die Rotta der Deutschen (Cithara teutonica), eine dreieckige Spitzharfe; bei den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Psalter — (Psalterĭon, grch)., uraltes harfenähnliches Saiteninstrument [Tafel: Musik I, 13]; dann Bezeichnung für die Psalmensammlung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Psalter [2] — Psalter, s.v.w. Blättermagen (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Psalter — Psalter, das musikalische Instrument, welches zum Gesange der Psalmen gespielt wurde. Es hatte Aehnlichkeit mit der Harfe und war mit zehn Saiten bezogen. Zuweilen nennt man auch eine Sammlung von Psalmen oder ein Psalmbuch einen P. Die Nonnen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • psalter — the Book of Psalms, O.E. saltere, psaltere, from Church L. psalterium the songs of David, from L., lit. stringed instrument played by twanging, from Gk. psalterion, from psallein to pluck, play on a stringed instrument …   Etymology dictionary

  • psalter — ► NOUN ▪ a copy of the biblical Psalms. ORIGIN Greek psalt rion stringed instrument …   English terms dictionary