- Thirteenth Council of Toledo
Council of Toledoopened on 4 November 683. It was called by Erwigand consisted of 77 bishops, 5 abbots, 3 church dignitaries, and 27 palatine functionaries.
The king asked for the pardon and rehabilitation of the rebels against
Wambain 673. The bishops consented to return to the rebels and their descendants their possessions and positions. The pardon extended to all those who had been disgraced for the same reason since the reign of Chintila( 636- 640). Erwig desired that no vendettas should hamper his reign.
The council also condemned forced confessions, necessitating justice without torture. They also imposed a maximum prison sentence.
Finally, the council repeated the oft-rendered prohibition on harming the royal family after the death of the monarch.
*Thompson, E. A. (1969) "The Goths in Spain". Oxford: Clarendon Press.
* [http://www.benedictus.mgh.de/quellen/chga/chga_056t.htm Synodus Toletana decimum tertium,] minutes from the "Collectio Hispana Gallica Augustodunensis" (Vat. lat. 1341)
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