- Grady Ward
William Grady Ward (born
April 4, 1951) is an American software engineer, lexicographer, and Internet activist who has featured prominently in the Scientology versus the Internetcontroversy.
Prior to his opposition to Scientology practices, Grady Ward compiled the
Moby Project, an extensive compilation of English language lexical resources and in 1996 released it to the public domain. One of its components, Moby Thesaurus, has more than 2.5 million synonyms and related words, making it the largest thesaurus in the English language as of early 2006. [ [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/3202 Moby at Project Gutenberg] ] Previously, Ward was known for compiling and distributing a public domain version of the complete works of William Shakespeare, "Moby Shakespeare", which has been credited as being the most widely distributed works of Shakespeare in the world. [ [http://www.shaksper.net/archives/2004/1098.html Moby Shakespeare] ]
In 1993 his publisher, the Austin Code Works was investigated as to the export of strong cryptography. [ [http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/1.06/eword.html Wired's article on US Government investigation of cryptography export] ] The US government at the time treated cryptographic software above a certain strength as the legal equivalent of munitions and restricted them accordingly. Ward spent time developing source code fragments collectively called Moby Crypto to encourage the pervasive development of programs containing state-of-the-art cryptography. Ward also promoted the idea of creating secure, memorable pass-phrases through "shocking nonsense." [ [http://www.unix-ag.uni-kl.de/~conrad/krypto/passphrase-faq.html Passphrase FAQ] ] On
30 March, 1995he aided in the distribution of an NSA employee handbook when it was leaked by the on-line magazine Phrack[ [http://www.eff.org/Activism/FOIA/nsa_employee.manual EFF resources on the NSA Employee Manual] ] arguing that if the government could not keep safe its own materials, then why would anyone trust them to maintain a secure key escrow scheme the NSA had proposed? [ [http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Key_escrow/ EFF resources on key-escrow] ]
1996the Church of Scientology sued Ward, [C 96-20207 RMW N.D. California, San Jose] alleging that he was responsible for anonymous postings of material to which the Church claimed copyright. After several years of litigation in which Ward defended "pro per" "in forma pauperis" and responded to more than 1000 docket items in the Northern District of California, San Jose, the lawsuit was eventually settled on 12 May, 1998. Ward prevailed on the Church's trade secret claim resulting in a dismissal with prejudice, but agreed to a stipulated judgement on Scientology's copyright claim. Without a finding of liability by Ward, he agreed to pay Scientology $200 a month for life. Unusually for legal settlements with the Church of Scientology, the settlement was not secret, and contained no restrictions on what Ward could say about Scientology. The settlement itself became a source of ongoing legal dispute with two appeals to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, but to date it has not been violated by either party.
* [http://www.holysmoke.org/cos/potty-mouth.htm Potty-Mouth FAQ]
* D. J. Leonie Brinkema (E.D. Va.) Order, October 4, 1996 in RTC v. Lerma Civil Action No 95-1107-A. See also
PGP word list
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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Grady Ward — William Grady Ward (* 4. April 1951) ist ein US amerikanischer Software Entwickler, Lexikograph und Internet Aktivist. Er ist bekannt für sein Engagement gegen die Praktiken Scientologys. Leben Von 1979 bis Januar 1989 arbeitete er für die Firma… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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