Grady Ward

Grady Ward

William Grady Ward (born April 4, 1951) is an American software engineer, lexicographer, and Internet activist who has featured prominently in the Scientology versus the Internet controversy.

Prior to his opposition to Scientology practices, Grady Ward compiled the Moby Project, an extensive compilation of English language lexical resources and in 1996 released it to the public domain. One of its components, Moby Thesaurus, has more than 2.5 million synonyms and related words, making it the largest thesaurus in the English language as of early 2006. [ [ Moby at Project Gutenberg] ] Previously, Ward was known for compiling and distributing a public domain version of the complete works of William Shakespeare, "Moby Shakespeare", which has been credited as being the most widely distributed works of Shakespeare in the world. [ [ Moby Shakespeare] ]

In 1993 his publisher, the Austin Code Works was investigated as to the export of strong cryptography. [ [ Wired's article on US Government investigation of cryptography export] ] The US government at the time treated cryptographic software above a certain strength as the legal equivalent of munitions and restricted them accordingly. Ward spent time developing source code fragments collectively called Moby Crypto to encourage the pervasive development of programs containing state-of-the-art cryptography. Ward also promoted the idea of creating secure, memorable pass-phrases through "shocking nonsense." [ [ Passphrase FAQ] ] On 30 March, 1995 he aided in the distribution of an NSA employee handbook when it was leaked by the on-line magazine Phrack [ [ EFF resources on the NSA Employee Manual] ] arguing that if the government could not keep safe its own materials, then why would anyone trust them to maintain a secure key escrow scheme the NSA had proposed? [ [ EFF resources on key-escrow] ]

In 1996 the Church of Scientology sued Ward, [C 96-20207 RMW N.D. California, San Jose] alleging that he was responsible for anonymous postings of material to which the Church claimed copyright. After several years of litigation in which Ward defended "pro per" "in forma pauperis" and responded to more than 1000 docket items in the Northern District of California, San Jose, the lawsuit was eventually settled on 12 May, 1998. Ward prevailed on the Church's trade secret claim resulting in a dismissal with prejudice, but agreed to a stipulated judgement on Scientology's copyright claim. Without a finding of liability by Ward, he agreed to pay Scientology $200 a month for life. Unusually for legal settlements with the Church of Scientology, the settlement was not secret, and contained no restrictions on what Ward could say about Scientology. The settlement itself became a source of ongoing legal dispute with two appeals to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, but to date it has not been violated by either party.


* [ Potty-Mouth FAQ]
* D. J. Leonie Brinkema (E.D. Va.) Order, October 4, 1996 in RTC v. Lerma Civil Action No 95-1107-A. See also Xenu

ee also

* PGP word list

External links


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