1746


1746

Year 1746 (MDCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of PAGENAME

January - June


* January 8 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling.
* January 17 - Battle of Falkirk: British Government forces are defeated by Jacobite forces.
* April 16 - The Battle of Culloden brings an end to the Jacobite Rising.
* June - Samuel Johnson is contracted to write his "A Dictionary of the English Language".
* June 16 - Battle of Piacenza: Austrian forces defeat French and Spanish troops.
* June 29 - Catherine of Ricci (b. 1522) is canonized.

July - December


* August 1 - The wearing of the kilt is banned in Scotland by the Dress Act (Note: the actual effective date of the Dress Act was August 1, 1747, not 1746 - see the text at Dress Act).
* August 18 - Two of the four rebellious Scottish lords, Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmeniro, are beheaded in the Tower (Lord Lovat was executed in 1747).
* September 20 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to the Isle of Skye from Arisaig, after the unsucessfull Jacobite rising of 1745, marked by the Prince's Cairn on the banks of Loch nan Uamh
* October 22 - The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896).
* October 28 - An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru.

Undated

* The town of Vilkovo (Odes'ka oblast', Ukraine) is founded.
* Royal Colony of North Carolina Governor Gabriel Johnston moves to the province's largest and most prosperous city of New Bern. As a result, New Bern replaces Edenton as the capital of North Carolina (a title it holds until Raleigh is established in 1792).

Births


* January 12 - Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss pedagogue (d. 1827)
* January 24 - King Gustav III of Sweden (d. 1792)
* February 4 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish general and nationalist (d. 1817)
* February 5 - Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, American politician and soldier (d. 1825)
* March 4 - Kazimierz Pułaski, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1779)
* March 7 - André Michaux, French botanist (d. 1802)
* March 30 - Francisco Goya, Spanish painter (d. 1828)
* July 3 - Henry Grattan, Irish politician (d. 1820)
* July 7 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
* July 23 - Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader, aided the United States in its quest for independence in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1786)
* September 28 - Sir William Jones, English philologist (d. 1794)
* November 27 - Robert R. Livingston, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1813)
*"date unknown"
**Hong Liangji, Chinese scholar, statesman, political theorist, and philosopher
**Isaac Swainson, English botanist (d. 1812): "See also ."

Deaths


* February 28 - Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
* March 18 - Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
* March 20 - Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (b. 1656)
* May 6 - William Tennent, Scottish-American theologian (b. 1673)
* May 22 - Thomas Southerne, Irish playwright (b. 1660)
* June 14 - Colin Maclaurin, Scottish mathematician (b. 1698)
* July 2 - Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
* July 9 - King Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
* July 28 - John Peter Zenger, American printer (b. 1697)
* August 6 - Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway (b. 1699)
* October 2 - Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty (b. c. 1666)
* November 14 - Georg Wilhelm Steller, German naturalist (b. 1709)
* December 6 - Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish poet (b. 1665)
* December 8 - Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)

: "See also ."


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