Tadeus Reichstein


Tadeus Reichstein

Infobox Scientist
name = PAGENAME
box_width =


image_width =150px
birth_date = July 20, 1897
birth_place = Włocławek, Congress Poland
death_date = death date and age|1996|8|1|1897|7|20
death_place = Basel, Switzerland
residence =
citizenship = Switzerland
nationality = Poland
ethnicity =
field =
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = cortisone
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950
religion =
footnotes =

Tadeusz Reichstein (July 20, 1897 – August 1, 1996) was a Polish-born Swiss chemist and Nobel laureate.

Reichstein was born into a Jewish family at Włocławek, Congress Poland, and spent his early childhood at Kiev, where his father was an engineer. He began his education a boarding-school at Jena, Germany.

In 1933, working in Zürich, Switzerland, Reichstein succeeded, independently of Sir Norman Haworth and his collaborators in the United Kingdom, in synthesizing vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

Together with E. C. Kendall and P. S. Hench, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for their work on hormones of the adrenal cortex which culminated in the isolation of cortisone.

He died in Basel, Switzerland. The principal industrial process for the artificial synthesis of Vitamin C still bears his name. Reichstein was the longest-lived Nobel laureate at the time of his death, but was surpassed in 2008 by Rita Levi-Montalcini.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:11624287
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11624287
last=Rothschild
first=M
publication-date=1999
year=1999
title=Tadeus Reichstein: 20 July 1897-1 August 1996.
volume=45
issue=
periodical=Biographical memoirs of fellows of the Royal Society. Royal Society (Great Britain)
pages=451-67

*Citation
id = PMID:10442018
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10442018
last=Sterkowicz
first=S
publication-date=1999
year=1999
title= [On the hundredth birthday of the first scientist of Polish ancestry to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine: Tadeusz Reichstein]
volume=56
issue=3
periodical=Prz. Lek.
pages=245-6

*Citation
id = PMID: 18055426
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18055426
url= http://hormones.gr/preview.php?c_id=201
last=Wincewicz A, Sulkowska M, Sulkowski S.
first=
publication-date=2007
year=2007
title=Tadeus Reichstein, co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine: on the occasion of the 110th anniversary of his birth in Poland.
volume=6
issue=4
periodical=Hormones (Athens)
pages=341-3

External links

* [http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1950/reichstein-bio.html Brief bio on the Nobel Website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tadeus Reichstein — Tadeus Reichstein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tadeus Reichstein — (Włocławek (Polonia), 20 de julio de 1897 1 de agosto de 1996) nació en el seno de una familia judía en Polonia. Estudió Medicina en la Universidad de Zúrich. Posteriormente se tras …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tadeus Reichstein — Tadeus Reichstein, nació en Wlocawek (Polonia) en 1947. Estudió Medicina en la Universidad de Zurich. Posteriormente se trasladó a Basilea en cuya universidad ejerció de profesor Realizó trabajos sobre los glucósidos que ejercen acción… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tadeus Reichstein — noun a Swiss chemist born in Poland; studied the hormones of the adrenal cortex • Syn: ↑Reichstein • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1950: Philip Showalter Hench — Edward Calvin Kendall — Tadeus Reichstein —   Die drei Biochemiker aus den USA und der Schweiz erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Entdeckungen des Aufbaus und der physiologischen Wirkungen der Hormone der Nebennierenrinde.    Biografien   Philip Showalter Hench, * Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Reichstein — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Herbert Reichstein, Autor (Numerologie) und Ariosoph Manfred Reichstein (* 1928), deutscher Geologe Tadeus Reichstein (1897–1996), Schweizer Chemiker (Nobelpreis für Medizin 1950) und Botaniker Thomas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reichstein-Synthese — Die Reichstein Synthese ist ein kombiniertes chemisch mikrobiologisches Verfahren zur Herstellung von Ascorbinsäure aus D Glucose, das in mehreren Schritten abläuft. Sie wurde vom Nobelpreisträger Tadeus Reichstein und seinem Kollegen Grüssner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reichstein — noun a Swiss chemist born in Poland; studied the hormones of the adrenal cortex • Syn: ↑Tadeus Reichstein • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist * * * /ruyk stuyn /; Ger. /rdduykh shtuyn /, n. Tadeus /tah day oos/, born 1897, Swiss chemist, born in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • REICHSTEIN, TADEUS — (1897–1996), Swiss organic chemist, endocrinologist, and 1950 Nobel laureate. Reichstein was born in Wloclawek, Poland, and his family moved to Zurich in 1908. He became professor of organic chemistry at Zurich in 1934 and in 1938 joined Basle… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Reichstein — Tadeus …   Scientists


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.