St Andrews Links


St Andrews Links

St Andrews Links in the town of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, is regarded as the "home of golf". It is the oldest course in the world, where the game has been played since the 15th century. Today there are seven public golf courses; the Balgove, Eden, Jubilee Course, Strathtyrum, New, the Old Course (which is widely considered one of the finest, and certainly the most famous and traditional, courses in the world), and the new Castle Course, sited on the cliffs a mile to the east of St Andrews and designed by the architect Paul Kimber, which opened in June 2008 [http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/course_no7.html] . The courses of St Andrews Links are owned by the local authorities and operated by St Andrews Links Trust, a charitable organisation. St Andrews is also home to the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, one of the most prestigious golf clubs and one of the two rule making authorities of golf.

Public courses

Balgove

The Balgove Course, named after the farm on which it was built,http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/course_no7_history.html] is a 1520 yard, nine-hole course. It was originally opened in 1972 and remodeled in 1993.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/balgove_course.html|title=The Balgove Course|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links]

Castle Course

Castle Course opened in June 2008, becoming the seventh public course at St Andrews.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/course_no7.html|title=The Castle Course: the Seventh Course at the Home of Golf|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links|year=2008] The course is a par 71 and measures 6,759 yards from the back tees.Cite web|url=http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/sport/Ian-Wood--Castle-course.4140474.jp|title=Castle course Poses Sternest of Tests|accessdate=2008-06-09|year=2008-06-01|author=Ian Wood|work=The Scotsman]

Eden

The Eden Course opened in 1914 after demand on the existing courses grew. It was designed by Harry S. Colt, and alterations in 1989 by Donald Steel maintain Colt's standards.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/eden_course.html|title=The Eden Course|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links] It was named after the Eden estuary by which it resides, as the profits from mussels collected there once made up an important part of the St Andrews economy.

Jubilee

The Jubilee Course is the longest of the six golf courses. It was named after Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee celebration in 1897. [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
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title = Jubilee Course at St Andrews
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date = 2007
url = http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/jubilee_course.html
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accessdate = 2008-07-09
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Originally intended for Victorian dressed ladies, and other golf beginners, it has evolved into one of the hardest courses at St Andrews Links. The course is commonly used to test junior and amateur golfers for the British Mid-Amateur Golf Championship, as well as the St Andrews Link Trophy. [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Jubilee Course at St Andrews
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date = 2007
url = http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/jubilee_course.html
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accessdate = 2008-02-16
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Initially a 12 hole course,Cite web|url=http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/58770714.html?dids=58770714:58770714&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&date=Dec+06%2C+1987&author=CHARLES+HILLINGER&pub=Los+Angeles+Times+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=WHERE+THE+GAMES+BEGAN+A+HALLOWED+GROUND+At+St.+Andrews%2C+If+the+Winds+Don't+Get+the+Golfer%2C+the+Whins+Will&pqatl=google|title=Where the Games Began|accessdate=2008-06-09|year=1987-12-06|author=Charles Hillinger|work=The Los Angeles Times] it was expanded to 18 holes in 1905. The course has seen considerable developments under the management of Willie Auchterlonie, Donald Steel, and David Wilson. It now plays at around 6,745 yards, and is host to the St. Andrews Links Trophy. Jubilee is one of several courses in Scotland that are under threat from erosion.Cite web|url=http://www.usatoday.com/sports/golf/british01/stories/2001-07-18-focus-erosion.htm|title=Erosion Threatens Legendary British Golf Courses|accessdate=2008-06-09|year=2001-07-17|author=Ellen Hale|work=USA Today]

trathtyrum

The Strathtyrum Course, opened in July 1993, became the first new 18 hole layout at St Andrews in nearly 80 years. Its name comes from the Strathtyrum Estate, from which the land was purchased.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/strathtyrum_course.html|title=The Strathtyrum Course|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links]

Old Course

The Old Course, believed to be the oldest golf course in the world, dates back more than 600 years.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/old_course.html|title=The Old Course|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links]

New Course

The New Course located adjacent to the Old Course, opened for play in 1895.Cite web|url=http://www.standrews.org.uk/golf/the_courses/new_course.html|title=The Old Course|accessdate=2008-06-09|publisher=St Andrews Links]

ee also

*The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews
*Old Course at St Andrews

References

External links

* [http://www.standrews.org.uk St Andrews Links official site]
* [http://www.biggacentralsection.org.uk/pictures.htm Course management pictures of St Andrews Courses including the new Castle course]
* [http://www.standrewsgolfblog.com/ St Andrews Golf Blog - Information on golf in St Andrews and the surrounding area]


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