Aspirant


Aspirant

Aspirant is a military rank in the French military, Brazilian military,Romanian Navy and Polish Police.

French Army

An Officer Designate rank, it is used in the "Armée de Terre" (Army), the "Armée de l'Air" (Air Force), the "Marine Nationale" (Navy) and the "Gendarmerie Nationale". Technically it is not a commissioned rank but it is still treated in all respects as one. Aspirants are either officers in training in military academies or voluntaries, serving as temporary officers. The aspirant must have been previously "élève officier" (Officer Cadet). He can afterwards be commissioned as a "sous-lieutenant" or "enseigne de vaisseau de deuxième classe". His insignia is a single curl of gold lace, disrupted by "flashes" of wool. It was widely used during both World Wars for providing young educated people with an officer's authority.

Portuguese Armed Forces

"Aspirante-a-oficial" is the first rank in the officer corps, coming below Alferes in the army and air force and Guarda-Marinha (Naval School graduates) or Sub-tenente (temporary officers graduated from civilian universities) in the navy.

Romanian Navy

In the Romanian Navy, Aspirant is the lowest commissioned rank, equivalent to the rank of Ensign.

Other uses

An aspirant is also an alternate title for a kandidat for doctoral education candidates in the post Soviet-states.

The term is also used in reference to religious vocations as one who is discerning the religious life.


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  • Aspirant — est un grade militaire. Étymologiquement, ce grade désigne celui qui aspire à devenir officier, c est à dire qu il attend cette promotion. C est généralement un grade d officier en formation ; le terme est également utilisé au Fonds national …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aspirant — aspirant, ante [ aspirɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. • 1496; de aspirer I ♦ N. 1 ♦ Vieilli Personne qui aspire à un titre, à une place. « jadis on en faisait [des filles] des maîtresses de piano, maintenant ce sont des journalistes ou des aspirantes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • aspirant — ASPIRÁNT, Ă, aspiranţi, te, s.m. şi f. Persoană care aspiră la ceva, care doreşte să obţină ceva. ♦ spec. (În trecut) Elev al unei şcoli de ofiţeri de marină. ♦ spec. (în trecut) Diplomat al unei facultăţi care se pregătea, sub conducerea unui… …   Dicționar Român

  • Aspirant — Sm Anwärter, Bewerber per. Wortschatz fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. aspirant, einer Ableitung von frz. aspirer sich bewerben, streben nach , aus l. aspīrāre sich einer Sache oder Person nähern, zu jmd. oder zu etwas zu gelangen… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • aspirant — aspirant, ante 1. (a spi ran, ran t ) adj. Terme d hydraulique. Qui aspire. Pompe aspirante, pompe qui élève l eau en faisant le vide. aspirant, ante 2. (a spi ran, ran t ) s. m. et f. Celui, celle qui aspire à une fonction, à une place, à un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • aspirant — ASPIRANT, ANTE. adj. Il n est guère d usage au propre que dans cette phrase, Pompe aspirante, qui se dit d Une sorte de pompe qui élève l eau en l attirant, à la différence de celle qui élève l eau en la poussant. C est une pompe aspirante, qui… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • aspirant — aspìrant m <G mn nātā> DEFINICIJA 1. pov. čin u vojsci i drugim hijerarhijama prije postizanja završnog ranga, npr. čina časnika nakon završene vojne škole [kadet aspirant]; pripravnik 2. onaj koji ima aspiracija na što, koji što želi… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • aspirant — Aspirant, [aspir]ante. adj. v. Qui aspire. Il n a d usage au propre que dans le dogmatique. On appelle, Une pompe aspirante, Celle qui esleve l eau en l attirant, à la difference de celles qui eslevent l eau en la poussant. C est une pompe… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Aspirant — As*pir ant, n. [Cf. F. aspirant.] One who aspires; one who eagerly seeks some high position or object of attainment. [1913 Webster] In consequence of the resignations . . . the way to greatness was left clear to a new set of aspirants. Macaulay.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aspirant — As*pir ant (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. aspirant, p. pr. of aspirer. See {Aspire}.] Aspiring. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English