- Stuckist demonstrations
Stuckist demonstrations since 2000 have been a key part of the Stuckist art group's activities and have succeeded in giving them a high profile both in Britain and abroad. Their primary agenda is the promotion of painting and opposition to
conceptual art. Their demonstrations are particularly associated with the Turner Prizeat Tate Britain(sometimes dressed as clowns to mock the museum), but have also been carried out at other venues, including Trafalgar Squareand the Saatchi Gallery. There have also been other protests in the United Statesby US Stuckists, and there have been Stuckist events against the Iraq warin 2003.
They have received extensive media coverage for these events both in the UK and internationally, and their reputation is such that they become automatic suspects for London art protests, as in
Matthew Collings' description of the opening of Tate Modernin 2000:There is, however, no mention of any such demonstration on the Stuckism website. [http://www.stuckism.com Stuckism International official site] Retrieved March 27, 2006] Sir Nicholas Serota, director of the Tate gallery, has recognised the demonstrations as a contribution to artistic debate. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1710820,00.html "Tate rejects £500,000 gift from 'unoriginal' Stuckists", The Times, July 28, 2005] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
The Stuckists were founded in 1999 by Charles Thomson and
Billy Childishto promote figurative painting and oppose conceptual art. Thomson derived the name of the group from an insult by Tracey Eminto her ex-boyfriend Childish that he was "stuck". The original group of 13 artists has now grown to an international movement of over 173 groups in 41 countries, as of April 2008. (Childish left the group in 2001.)
Clowns at the Tate
The Stuckists have demonstrated annually at
Tate Britainon the occasion of the Turner Prizesince 2000, and have been featured extensively in the media for their appearances. The demonstrations have adopted a variety of themes to make their point, which is simply that the prize is named after a famous painter, but painting is neglected by it in favour of other media. Their "Turner Prize" manifesto comments:This is a leaflet they have handed out to the public and prize ceremony guests. Although they have always been outside the building during the actual prize ceremony, they have, on two occasions, been mentioned by the guest of honour on live TV, just before the announcement of the winner—by Sir Peter Blake in 2003 and by Culture Minister, David Lammyin 2005. [http://www.stuckism.com/clown2000.html "Archive of demos" www.stuckism.com] Retrieved March 22, 2006]
The first Stuckist demonstration took place outside Tate Britain on Turner Prize day,
November 28, 2000. The group took care to work within the regulations in order to subvert them and ridicule the institution. They were dressed as clowns, and had obtained advance permission to enter the museum in this costume. They announced on their web site (and in the London Evening Standard): [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4153/is_20001016/ai_n11948653 "Send in the Clowns for Turner", Evening Standard, October 16, 2000] Retrieved March 22, 2006 from findarticles.com]
:"Please note this is not a demonstration in the normal meaning. This is simply the exercise of ones right to visit the gallery which one has paid for, in the attire of ones choice. We have a written statement from the Tate Gallery that the following is permissible dress for admission: suit and tie, trainers, jeans, T-shirt, sports clothing, barrister's wig and gown, Napoleonic military uniform, gorilla suit, clown costume. It should be noted that the following is NOT permissible wear: naked, swimming costume, underwear." [http://www.stuckism.com/rtparch.html "The Real Turner Prize 2000", stuckism.com] Retrieved March 22, 2006]
Damien Hirst's godmother, the late Margaret Walsh, announced the "Art Clown of the Year" for "outstanding idiocy in the visual arts" was Charles Saatchi, the prize being a custard pie, which the winner was expected to purchase and administer on themselves. [http://www.stuckism.com/Walker/AStuckistOnStuckism.html#Clowns "Clowns at the Tate" in "A Stuckist on Stuckism", stuckism.com] Retrieved March 27, 2006] This award continued to be made in subsequent years.
They then paraded outside
Tate Britainin clown costumes, walked into the museum and around the exhibition itself. To coincide with the Tate's show, they also staged their own concurrent show "The Real Turner Prize Show" with simultaneous shows of the same name in Germany and Australia. "The Guardian" announced the winner of the real Turner Prize with the headline "Turner Winner Riles the Stuckists". [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/turnerpeoplespoll/story/0,,1067793,00.html "Turner Winner Riles the Stuckists", The Guardian, November 29, 2000] Retrieved March 26, 2000]
There was a demonstration in ordinary clothes at the Prize press launch on
6 November. " The Independent on Sunday" said, "In certain respects the Turner Prize never changes: art fleetingly makes the front pages; the dreary Stuckists protest outside the Tate and the winner gets a cheque for 20 grand." [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20011111/ai_n14432048 "The critics: Visual art - Big thrills in the broom cupboard"] , "The Independent on Sunday", 11 November 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2008.]
Another demonstration took place on the Prize ceremony day,
9 December: this reached a worldwide TV audience, when it was syndicated by Reuters. [http://www.stuckism.com/Tate/Tate01.html "Turner Prize demo 2001"] , stuckism.com. Retrieved 3 May 2008.] The work of one nominee, Martin Creed, was an empty room, where the lights went on and off every five seconds. The demonstrators dressed in clown costume and shone torches in protest. [Vogel, Carol, [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F07E6D8133FF937A25751C1A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all "A prize for lights"] , " The New York Times", 14 December 2001. Retrieved 3 May 2008.] Ekow Eshunwrote, "if scandal equated directly to success then this year's winners should probably be the Stuckists, the ragged band of artist malcontents who've turned their annual placard-waving anti-Turner protest outside the Tate into a kind of art event of their own that now generates press attention from around the world." [Ekow Eshun [http://web.archive.org/web/20011224054437/http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/news_comment/weekinfocus/turner.shtml BBC site] , 24 December 2001.]
The Stuckists gave their "Art Clown of the Year Award" to Sir Nicholas Serota. Other nominees were
Charles Saatchi(the winner in 2000), Norman Rosenthaland Sarah Kent.
There was a demonstration at the Turner Prize press launch on
29 October, and one in clown costume on the prize day, 8 December. The "Art Clown of the Year Award" was given to Serota again, with the commendation, "The judges were extremely impressed by Sir Nicholas's ability to create a Turner Prize show which was even worse than last year's", [ [http://www.stuckism.com/RTPS2002/index.html "The Real Turner Prize 2002"] , stuckism.com. Retrieved 3 May 2008.] and announced in the " The Daily Telegraph" with the headline: "A custard pie for Serota as Turner Prize winner named." [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2002/12/09/baturn09.xml "A custard pie for Serota as Turner Prize winner named", The Daily Telegraph, December 9, 2002] Retrieved March 27, 2006] Meanwhile the Stuckism International Gallerystaged "The Real Turner Prize Show 2002". [Prudames, David. [http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/exh/ART14319.html "The Real Turner Prize 2002—The Stuckist alternative award"] , 24hourmuseum.com, 6 December 2002. Retrieved 3 May 2008.]
In 2003 the Stuckists displayed two blow-up sex dolls to parody
Jake and Dinos Chapman's bronze (painted) sculpture modelled on one. [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/turnerprize2003/story/0,,1102084,00.html "Turner Prize Goes to Perry – and Claire", The Guardian, December 8, 2003] Retrieved March 22, 2006] As guests, including Jay Jopling, Tracey Emin, Victoria Miro and Jake Chapman, arrived, they were greeted with the announcement, "Turner Prize preview—see the original here and the copy inside." Sarah Kent, art editor of Time Out, commented, "Fucking Stuckists... yes, you can quote me." Inside Tate Britain, on live television, Serota introduced Sir Peter Blake, who before he announced the winner, started his speech::Thank you very much Nick. I'm quite surprised to be here tonight, because two days ago I had a phone call asking if I would be a judge for the Not the Turner Prize. And two years ago I was asked by the Stuckists to dress as a clown and come and be on the steps outside, so I am thrilled and slightly surprised to be here.There were cheers from the guests.
There were two Stuckist demonstrations, one at the press launch on October 19, and one at the prize-giving day on December 6. On October 10,
Charles Saatchihad been quoted in the press as saying there were not enough painters in the Prize—"For the last 10 years, only five of the 40 Turner Prize artists have been pure painters." [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/10/02/nsaat02.xml "Saatchi's Latest Shock for the Art World Is – Painting", The Daily Telegraph, October 10, 2004] Retrieved March 27, 2006] The Stuckists turned this to their advantage with placards such as:::"Charles Saatchi & Stuckists v the Tate"::"No painters in the Turner Prize for the last 4 years!"
The Turner show itself was characterised by video and computer imagery, including a virtual tour of one of
Osama bin Laden's former residences. Thomson was quoted by the BBC website::"A lot of the stuff this year would be suitable for a Channel 4 documentary. There is no need for this to be in the Tate gallery when television does exactly the same thing." [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/3756514.stm "Light at the end of the Turner Show", BBC News Online, October 19, 2004] ]
To bring their point home, the Stuckists handed out a leaflet (text reproduced right), with the mock tone tone of officialdom. [http://www.stuckism.com/Tate/Tate04.html Tate 2004 demonstration on stuckism.com] Retrieved March 27, 2006] They also announced::"Charles Saatchi is winner of the Art Clown of the Year Award 2004 for posing as a leader in the arts and merely parroting ideas promoted by the Stuckists for the last five years."
:"The nominees for 2004 were": :"Momart (for not having the Shark and the Bed in their warehouse)":"Damien Hirst (for wasting his money buying work by Damien Hirst)" :"Charles Saatchi (for copying the Stuckists' ideas five years afterwards)" :"
Stella Vine(for numerous reasons)":"The Prize is a custard pie which the winner is entitled to purchase and push into their own face."
The Stuckists demonstrated outside the
Turner Prizeon December 6, 2005against the Tate's purchase of its trustee, Chris Ofili's work, "The Upper Room". They displayed placards with slogans such as "£25,000 Turner Prize, £705,000 Trustee Prize", and wore monkey and elephant masks, referring to the monkeys Ofili had painted in his work, as well as the trademark balls of elephant dung it was propped on. [http://www.smh.com.au/news/arts/shed-wins-58000-art-prize/2005/12/06/1133631231483.html "Shed Wins $58,000 Art Prize", Sydney Morning Herald December 6, 2005 (a Reuters syndicated report)] Retrieved March 28, 2006] .
The demonstrators were approached by Sir
Nicholas Serota, and the atmosphere was tense, according to Thomson: "I thought he was going to explode ... I looked at his face and I thought, this guy's going to lose it and hit me, or he's going to burst into tears." [http://observer.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,6903,1664698,00.html "How Ageing Art Punks Got Stuck into Tate's Serota", The Observer, December 11, 2005] Retrieved March 23, 2006] Andrew Marr, a guest at the evening Prize reception, commented, "When they picketed us, the Stuckists seemed to me affable and intelligent people", although he strongly disagreed with them over Ofili's work. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/main.jhtml?xml=/opinion/2005/12/07/do0705.xml Notebook by Andrew Marr (2nd item), The Daily Telegraph, December 7, 2005] Retrieved March 24, 2006]
That evening in front of guests at the award ceremony in what Marr described as a "moment of rare passion" and an "unusual, possibly unprecedented" move, Serota spoke out with "an angry defence" of the purchase, saying, "I defy anybody who has actually taken the time and trouble to see the work not to agree with the trustees' decision to acquire this most extraordinary and important piece of work." [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/turnerprize2005/story/0,16063,1659056,00.html?gusrc=rss "It's a shed, it's collapsible, it floats and (with help from a bike) it's the winner", The Guardian, December 6, 2005] Retrieved March 24, 2006]
Following this, David Lammy, the Culture Minister, made a brief speech before presenting the award, commenting, "Every year, the Turner Prize makes contemporary art the talk of the airwaves ... Stuckists threaten never to paint again", [http://www.stuckism.com/Tate/Tate05.html "Turner Prize Demo 5 December 2005" on stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006] (although there is no evidence they had ever made such a statement).
The Stuckists were included in reports on the Prize by the four UK broadsheets and in a Reuters syndication internationally, where Thomson commented, "The Tate is run by a self-serving clique who hide behind secretiveness" and "The real prize at the Tate is becoming a trustee. It's worth far more money." The winner,
Simon Starlinghad converted a shed into a boat and back again; "The Times" quoted Thomson that "The Turner should be renamed the B&Q diy prize." [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1905555,00.html "One Man and His Boat Sail into a Storm over the Turner", The Times, December 6, 2006] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
The Stuckists handed Sir Nicholas Serota a demonstration leaflet with a "Turner Prize health warning" on one side and Thomson's painting of him on the other. [ [http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/columnists/pandora/early-delivery-no-surprise-from-australian-spinner-427146.html 'Serota told to stick his prize',] "The Independent" 2006-12-05.] He held it up and said, "Can't you make another image?" [http://stuckism.com/Tate/Tate06.html Stuckist Turner demo on stuckism web site,] Retrieved 2008-04-05] Tate chairman
Paul Mynersinformed demonstrating artist, John Bourne, "We are grateful for the extra publicity the Stuckists have given the Tate".
The Stuckists picketed the 2006 ceremony with placards bearing the slogan 'Is It All A Fix?', a quote from Turner judge
Lynn Barber, who had broken with convention by writing about the judging process in " The Observer".Barber, Lynn (2006) [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1968403,00.html "My Turner's over. Phew!] "The Observer, 10 December, 2006. Accessed 16 January, 2007] She encountered the demonstrators, whilst going outside from the judging to have a cigarette, afterwards saying she was horrified to see her words displayed: "The words were taken completely out of context (I dread to think how often celebs have said that to me in interviews, and how often I have disbelieved them) but now I am stuck with being a hero of the Stuckist tendency. I scuttled back into the Tate and survived three hours without nicotine rather than risk encountering them again. Thomson's quote that winner Tomma Abts' work resembled "doodles done by a lobotomised computer" appeared in " The Times" [Alberge, Dalya. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-2486773,00.html "Painter wins Turner Prize"] , " The Times", 4 December 2006. Retrieved 27 January 2008.] and in media abroad. [ [http://www.stuckism.com/Tate/Tate06.html "Stuckist Turner Demo"] , stuckism.com. Retrieved 27 January 2008. Links to press mentions of the quote.]
The Stuckists announced that they were not demonstrating for the first time since 2000, because of "the lameness of this year’s show, which does not merit the accolade of the traditional demo". They criticised the "recycling" of nominees as being laziness by the jury (two of the four had been nominated in previous years) and stated that Tate Chairman,
Paul Mynershad previously thanked them for giving the Tate extra publicity. They also claimed that Mark Wallingerhad copied their idea of walking round a museum dressed in a costume, that he was indistinguishable from a Stuckist demonstrator, [ [http://www.3ammagazine.com/3am/stuckists-turner-prize-protest-apology-2/ "Stuckists’ Turner Prize Protest Apology" on 3ammagazine.com] Retrieved December 2, 2007] and that his work was "utter bilge", which had "all the excitement of watching a pensioner do the shopping at Asda". [Reynolds, Nigel. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2007/12/03/baturner104.xml "Mark Wallinger wins 2007 Turner Prize"] , " Daily Telegraph", 3 December 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2007.]
Turner Prize manifesto
Childish and Thomson issued a Turner Prize manifesto, dated
September 1, 2000. The text is:
1. Everyone talks about The Turner Prize but very few people believe in its worth. It has become an ongoing national joke, because of its pathetic and pretentious exhibits.
2. The Turner Prize is not, despite what Sir Nicholas Serota believes, the popularising of art but its dumbing down into a circus of curiosities.
3. The Turner Prize effectively turns The Tate Gallery into a state-funded advertising agency for Charles Saatchi, the Lisson Gallery and the White Cube Gallery.
4. Turner did not rebuild launderettes. He did not take photographs. He did not make videos, nor, to our knowledge, did he pickle sheep or construct concrete casts of negative space.
5. It should be pointed out that what Turner actually did was to paint pictures.
6. To call The Turner Prize The Turner Prize is like calling bubble-gum caviar.
7. The only artist who wouldn't be in danger of winning The Turner Prize is Turner.
8. To award The Turner Prize to an inferior re-hash of a Buster Keaton film is like awarding an Oscar to the workman who paint the Forth Bridge.
9. If the Trustees of The Tate Gallery have any respect for the values to which Turner devoted his life, The Turner Prize must be awarded to an artist who continues the tradition of communicating the power of life through painting.
10. Alternatively, we propose that The Turner Prize should be re-named The Duchamp Award for the destruction of artistic integrity.
Nicholas Serotawrote to the Stuckists in 2005, rejecting a donation of Stuckist paintings, but saying he wanted to ensure "the Tate archive, as the national record of art in Britain, properly represents the contribution of the Stuckist movement to debates about contemporary art in recent years." In 2006, Tate chairman, Paul Myners, thanked the Stuckists for providing the Tate with extra publicity. [Thomson, Charles. [http://www.3ammagazine.com/3am/stuckists-turner-prize-protest-apology-2/ "Stuck Inn IV: Stuckists’ Turner Prize Protest Apology"] , 3ammagazine.com, 2 December 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2008.]
New Blood feud with Saatchi
The Stuckists had declared their opposition to
Charles Saatchifrom the outset, criticising what they saw as the vacuity of Britart: "You can't help feeling that Saatchi's insipid sensationalism would make Duchamp wish that he'd never ever exhibited his piss-pot in the first place and had become a water-colourist instead." [http://www.stuckism.com/serotaletter.html "An Open Letter to Sir Nicholas Serota" by the Stuckists] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
A dead shark isn't art 2003
In 2003, the
Saatchi Galleryre-opened at County Hallwith a Damien Hirstretrospective, which included the exhibition of his refurbished piece, "The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living", a shark in a tank of formaldehyde. On the same day as the Saatchi opening, the Stuckism International gallery in Shoreditch—under the title "A Dead Shark Isn't Art"— exhibited another dead shark, which had first been put on public display in 1989 (two years before Hirst's was first shown) by Eddie Saunders in his Shoreditch shop, JD Electrical Supplies. The Stuckists suggested Hirst may have seen this at the time and copied it, but that anyway Saunders was the real pioneering artist. [http://www.stuckism.com/SharkSpot.html "A Dead Shark Isn't Art" on the Stuckism International web site] Retrieved March 20, 2006]
tella Vine and OFT 2004
In February 2004, Saatchi bought "Hi Paul Can You Come Over", a painting by ex-stripper
Stella Vineof Princess Dianawith blood coming from the mouth (it was then exhibited in his next show, "New Blood"). There was international media reporting of this. Vine was talked of as "the new star of the Brit art scene", commenting, "I didn't think anyone really liked what I was doing", and that she had only been painting for four years "after accompanying her son Jamie, 18, to Hampstead School of Art" (a private college). [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/02/24/nsaat24.xml "First Blood to Saatchi as a Star Is Born", The Daily Telegraph, February 24, 2006] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
This caused a strong reaction from the Stuckists. Vine had for a short time been a member of their group, and they had first exhibited her in 2001, when she was also (briefly) married to Charles Thomson. She had even been a nominee for their "Real Turner Prize Show". "
The Independent" newspaper validated these claims and reported Thomson's complaint that Saatchi had been "stealing their identity as he tires of the Britart scene". [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20040305/ai_n12766540 "Saatchi and Stuckists Brush in War of the Art Worlds", The Independent, March 5, 2004] Retrieved March 27,2006 from findarticles.com]
Thomson and eleven other people (including non-Stuckists, such as David Lee and Christopher Fiddes of the Movement for Classical Renewal) then reported Saatchi to the
Office of Fair Trading. [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20040328/ai_n12753219 "Charles Saatchi 'Abuses His Hold on British Art Market'", The Independent on Sunday, March 28, 2004] Retrieved March 27,2006 from findarticles.com] The grievance was::"Mr Saatchi's dominant market and PR position allowed him to achieve blanket coverage for a version of events which completely ignored her [Vine's]background with the Stuckists. Had this been known, it would have led to increased interest in the Stuckists as a group where new talent was fostered, and the likelihood of increased sales as collectors hoped to find another future star." [http://www.stuckism.com/Saatchi/SaatchiOFT.html "Charles Saatchi Reported to OFT", stuckism.com] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
However, the complaint was not upheld and the OFT pronounced, "We do not have reasonable grounds to suspect that Charles Saatchi is in a dominant position in any relevant market", which Thomson turned to advantage by spotting the unintended slight and remarking that it was "just another cruel smack in the face" for Saatchi. [http://www.stuckism.com/Walker/AStuckistOnStuckism.html#OFT "Charles Saatchi and the OFT Attack", A Stuckist on Stuckism, stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
The Triumph of Painting 2005
The Stuckists' concerns were not alleviated, when, at the end of 2004, Saatchi announced that he was putting his Britart holding into storage and devoting the next year to exhibitions featuring only painting. A few months prior to this announcement, Saatchi had stood outside the Stuckism International gallery, [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20040518/ai_n12784104 "Saatchi Stuck in Street", The Independent, May 18, 2004] Retrieved March 28, 2006 from findarticles.com] reading not only a placard that declared "STUCKIST ART IN 2001 IS SAATCHI ART IN 2004" (referring to Stella Vine), but also the anti-conceptual art, pro-painting Stuckist manifesto, which was on display. [http://www.stuckism.com/gossip.html#SaatchiVisits "Charles Saatchi Visits Stuckism International", on stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
Thomson responded immediately in the press to the announcement of Saatchi's change of direction, with the accusation: "almost verbatim, he's stolen the introduction to our manifesto."
When the show, "The Triumph of Painting", opened at the Saatchi Gallery on
October 25, 2005, the Stuckists mounted a picket outside, handing leaflets to the incoming guests (who included Saatchi's wife Nigella Lawson), and displaying placards stating, "Stuckism leads, Saatchi follows" and "Stuckism in 1999 is Saatchi in 2005". They also wore tall hats with Saatchi's face on, [http://www.stuckism.com/SaatchiDemo05/Index.html Stuckists demo at the Saatchi Gallery on stuckism.com] Retrieved March 22, 2006] and Thomson was photographed inside the gallery opening, wearing a t-shirt with the words "Saatchi the Stuckist". [http://www.artnet.com/magazine/people/val/val2-8-05.asp "Toast of the Town, Photos by Thierry Bal on artnet.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
Other UK demonstrations
The Stuckists demonstrated in 2001 in Trafalgar Square, when
Rachel Whiteread's statue, "Monument", was unveiled. This was a resin cast of the fourth (vacant) plinth in the square, and was inverted on the existing plinth. It represents the type of conceptual artthat the Stuckists strongly oppose. The statue was unveiled by the then-Culture Secretary, Chris Smith, against whom Thomson was standing in the United Kingdom general election, 2001as a Stuckist candidate. At this point Stuckist protesters (one of whom was Stella Vine) in the watching crowd held up protest placards. Thomson jumped over the metal crowd barrier onto the now-vacant podium and used the PA system to make an address about the complete absence of paintings in that year's Turner Prize (referring to a comment by Smith the previous year that there should be more paintings in the Prize). At the same time he held up a placard, which read, "Mr Smith, do you really think this stupid plinth is a work of art?" [http://www.stuckism.com/Walker/AStuckistOnStuckism.html#Battle "The Battle of Trafalgar", A Stuckist on Stuckism, stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
When the PA system was switched off by an official, Thomson made his way back through the crowd and was surprised to find that an angry Serota had followed him.
:Serota: "That was a cheap shot, using another artist's work to promote your ideas."
:Thomson: "It's Dada."
:Serota: "So that gives you the right to do whatever you want to do whenever you want to do it?"
:Thomson: "You and a few people like you control the art world and what goes on in it, and as artists this is the only way we can put our point of view across."
: (At this point Serota walked off.)
:Thomson: "That was Sir Nicholas Serota, the director of the Tate Gallery. Three cheers for Sir Nicholas."
The Stuckism website headed its report on the incident with a quote from Serota's book "Experience or Interpretation": "a willingness ... to risk offence by unexpected confrontation can yield rewards" [http://www.stuckism.com/news.html#sir "Serota Tells off the Stuckists", stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
The Death of Conceptual Art
In 1999 the Stuckists art group had declared themselves "opposed to the sterility of the white wall gallery system", and, three years later, they opened their own Stuckism International gallery (with coloured walls) in
Shoreditchin an adjoining street to the White Cubegallery, which represents Tracey Eminand Damien Hirst. To celebrate the opening on July 25, 2002, they dressed as clowns, processed the short distance from Charlotte Road over Old Streetand deposited a coffin, marked "The Death of Conceptual Art", outside the White Cube's door [Cripps, Charlotte. [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20040907/ai_n12797891 "Visual arts: Saying knickers to Sir Nicholas] , " The Independent", 7 September 2004. Retrieved from findarticles.com, 7 April 2008.] with the comment, "This is the official date for the demise of conceptual art." [http://www.stuckism.com/Walker/AStuckistOnStuckism.html#Death "The Death of Conceptual Art", A Stuckist on Stuckism, stuckism.com] Retrieved March 28, 2006]
In 2001 Stuckist Co-founder, Charles Thomson stood as a Stuckist candidate for the 2001 British General Election, on an anti-Britart ticket, in the constituency of Islington South and Finsbury, against Chris Smith, the Culture Secretary. Thomson picked up 108 votes (0.4%).
Cutting the string
In spring 2003, artist
Cornelia Parkerwas allowed by the authorities to wrap Auguste Rodin’s sculpture "The Kiss" (1886) in Tate Britainin a mile of string. [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,909667,00.html "No Strings Attached" The Guardian] Retrieved March 22, 2006] . Many people felt it offensive to the original artwork and an act of vandalism rather than art. As a reaction, Stuckist artist Piers Butler cut the string, while couples stood around engaging in live kissing. However, this was described as an individual action outside the main Stuckist group by Thomson, who nevertheless took the opportunity to remark::I was puzzled that Parker had been allowed to do her string-wrapping—thereby using another artist's work to promote her ideas—as this was precisely the allegation that an enraged Serota had thrown at me in Trafalgar Square and dubbed a 'cheap shot'. [http://www.stuckism.com/Walker/AStuckistOnStuckism.html#String "String up the Perpetrator" A Stuckist on Stuckism] Retrieved March 22, 2006]
US Stuckist demonstrations
eattle Pigs on Parade
In May 2001, the
SeattleStuckist group (J. Puma, Z.F. Lively, Amanda Perrin and Brett Hamil) protested with placards, such as "Art-vertising is bad for the soul" and "Tacky and lame", against "Pigs on Parade", large fibreglass pigs which had been installed in the city and decorated by artists to make money for charity. Their objection was to commercial devaluation of art through "an insidious trend in corporate art-vertising. It appeals to the lowest public tastes by providing a kitschy, totally predigested and inoffensive McArt for the masses." (Social or ethical comment was banned from the designs.) King 5 News mentioned the group (with a "glib chuckle"), but otherwise the event went unreported. There was a certain amount of public support, and Hamil concluded::For some reason, Stuckists are saddled with the task of vocalizing what everyone already knows, and yet that doesn't make it any less valid. It just makes it that much more regrettable that no one's said it yet. [http://www.stuckism.com/seattle/Seattle_Parade.htm Seattle Stuckists report on "Pigs on Parade"] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
Clown Trial of President Bush
In order to "highlight the fact that the
Iraq wardoes not have the support of the United Nations, thus violating a binding contract with the UN", "The Clown Trial of President Bush" took place at 7 p.m. on March 21, 2003on the steps of the New HavenFederal Courthouse, staged by local Stuckist artists dressed in clown costume, led by Jesse Richards, Nicholas Watsonand Tony Juliano. One of the participants was "a public defender for the state of CT. He thought it would be cool to dress up with us as clowns and do the thing. He ended up playing the clown judge. The courthouse that he works at is a block away from the federal courthouse where we did this." [http://www.stuckism.com/intnews.html#ClownTrial Clown Trial of President Bush on stuckism.com] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
Simultaneously the New Haven Stuckism International gallery run by them opened a "War on Bush" show, including work from Brazil, Germany and the UK, while the London Stuckism International Gallery staged a "War on Blair" show. [http://www.stuckism.com/WarOnArch.html "War on Bush" and "War on Blair" shows on stuckism.com with some paintings] Retrieved March 27, 2006] "The Yale Herald" reported with the headline, "Stuckists scoff at 'crap,' war". Richards took the opportunity to comment, "Duchamp would go over to the
Yale University Art Galleryand he would say, 'This is crap,' and he would go paint a picture." [http://yaleherald.com/article.php?Article=1957 "Stuckists scoff at 'crap' war", The Yale Herald, March 28, 2003] Retrieved March 27, 2006]
Protest shows and art
The Stuckists have made use of their art shows in order also to promote a message. The name of the group itself is an ironic pre-emptive riposte to their anticipated enemies—as represented in the first instance by former colleague-turned-YBA,
Tracey Emin, who had called the group's co-founder, Billy Childish, "stuck". The group's first show in 1999 was titled, "Stuck! Stuck! Stuck!". In 2000, they made an overt challenge with a show titled, "The Resignation of Sir Nicholas Serota". A painting in the show, " Sir Nicholas Serota Makes an Acquisitions Decision" by Charles Thomson, has since been reproduced in the media many times and become an iconic image for the Stuckists. [Morris, Jane. [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1857054,00.html "Getting stuck in"] , " The Guardian", 24 August 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2007.]
In 2005, another show was called: "Painting Is the Medium of Yesterday"—Paul Myners CBE, Chairman of Tate Gallery, Chairman of Marks and Spencer, Chairman of Aspen Insurance, Chairman of Guardian Media, Director of Bank of England, Director of Bank of New York. A Show of Paintings by the Stuckists, as Refused by the Tate Gallery. Guaranteed 100% Free of Elephant Dung."
The Stuckists Punk Victorian" exhibition at the Walker Art Galleryduring the 2004 Liverpool Biennialincluding a free-standing screen with paintings attacking the Turner Prize and the Tate gallery. Michael Dickinsonhas exhibited political and satirical collages, addressing the Iraq Warand world leaders, particularly US President George W. Bush. In 2006 he was told he faced prosecution in Turkey, where he lives, for his collage "Best in Show", showing the Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğanas a dog. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2087-2220955,00.html "Blair asked to help artist facing jail", "The Sunday Times" online, June 11, 2006.] Retrieved June 12, 2006]
There has only been one known anti-Stuckist demonstration, which was in
1999, when two Chinese performance artists jumped on Tracey Emin's installation "My Bed", in the Turner Prize at Tate Britain. The pair had various words written on their bodies, including "Anti-Stuckism". Their explanation is that they were opposed to the Stuckists, who are anti- performance art. [http://www.stuckism.com/gossip.html#11 "The Jumping Chinese Gentlemen at It again" Herr von Stuck's Hot Gossip Page] Retrieved March 22, 2006] According to Fiachra Gibbons of "The Guardian", the event "will go down in art history as the defining moment of the new and previously unheard of Anti-Stuckist Movement." [http://www.guardian.co.uk/turner1999/Story/0,12119,201733,00.html "Satirists Jump into Tracey's Bed", The Guardian, October 25, 1999] Retrieved March 22, 2006]
*In December 2002 a quiz question on the BBC News website was: ::14 men on toilets, a drag queen and a sailor engaged in a lewd public sex act. What? ::A) Chapter one of Will Self's novel Dorian ::B) The Stuckist Movement's protest against the Turner Prize outside the ceremony ::C) The English National Opera's production of Verdi's Un Ballo in Maschera
Notes and references
The online essay "A Stuckist on Stuckism" on stuckism.com is taken from the book:
Ed. Frank Milner (2004), "The Stuckists Punk Victorian" National Museums Liverpool, ISBN 1-902700-27-9
* [http://www.stuckism.com/clown2000.html Demos on Stuckism official web site]
* [http://www.stuckism.com/manifest.html#turner The Stuckists Turner Prize Manifesto]
* [http://www.stuckism.com/guru/clowns.html Excerpts from the secret diary of Ella Guru on the 2000 Tate demonstration]
* [http://www.3ammagazine.com/buzzwordsblog/2006/12/why-i-demonstrated-against-turner.html "Why I Demonstrated Against the Turner Prize for Seven Years" by Charles Thomson]
* [http://archive.tate.org.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqServer=tg_calm&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqSearch=RefNo='TGA%2020051/25'&dsqCmd=Show.tcl 2005 demonstration flyer in the Tate Gallery archive]
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