Mooca (pron. IPA2|mɔ'ka) is the name of a borough of the city of
São Paulo, Brazil. The name comes from the Tupi language: "Mo-Oka", which means "houses being built". It comprises the districts of Mooca, Brás, Pari, Belém, Tatuapéand Água Rasa.
Mooca is one of the oldest boroughs in the city of
São Paulo(which back then was known as "São Paulo de Paranapanema", a jesuitmission founded in 1554). Mooca eventually became the first industrial area built in São Paulo. People who lived in Mooca in past times were factory workers. One of its oldest working-class sections is Vila Maria Zélia in the northern district of Belém. Many of these industrial installations eventually moved out of the city or closed down (even though a great number of them are still active) and, in many cases much of that industrial zoningbecame residential.
Mooca was settled by
immigrants from Italyin the early 20th century, mainly from Naples. [ [http://www.dcomercio.com.br/especiais/mooca450anos/18.htm Diário do Comércio - Especiais - Locarno ] ] Most of today's living inhabitants of Mooca are descended from Italian workers and other immigrants.
A place of interest that retains a bit of Mooca's History of immigration is the
Amácio Mazzaropimuseum, dedicated to the comedianborn in Bras to an impoverished Italian father.
A great number of these working-class families from Mooca found prosperity and as São Paulo was gradually changing from an industrial city into a business centre many of those families started their own businesses (such as the
Lorenzettiand Matarazzofamilies). Many of these more affluent families now reside in Tatuapé, another district east of Mooca. Another place of interest in Mooca that refers to its immigrant roots is the Juventus stadium (cap. 2000), a 2nd division (Brazil's A2 League) team that is closely associated with the local Italian community. The Italian community also hosts the famous yearly festivities of San Vito, Our lady of Casaluce, San Gennaro( patron saintof Naples) and Our Lady of Acheropita, with food and wine being sold on the streets to the sound of live traditional music.
Mooca is served by the São Paulo "Metrô" (subway) system in the Line 3 (Red Line). The segment that comprises today's Brás, Bresser-Mooca and Belém stations was built in 1975 and many working class houses (cortiços) were torn down in order to accommodate the expanding surface line. Bresser-Mooca station underwent further renovations (with state government funds) in 1987 as room was made for a
bus depotthat would mostly service routes to cities in southern Minas Geraisstate.
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