- Introduction (House of Lords)
House of Lords, certain new members must, before sitting, be ceremonially "introduced", the ceremony being known as "Introduction". Introductions in the Lords are complicated procedures, being more elaborate than introductions in the House of Commons.
Originally, the Sovereign created and invested new peers personally. The personal procedure, however, was abandoned during the seventeenth century, and in 1621 the House of Lords began the ceremony of introduction.cite journal | author = Wagner, Anthony | coauthors = Sainty, J. C.; Scott-Giles, C. W. | year = 1967 | title = The Origin of the Introduction of Peers in the House of Lords | journal = Archaeologia | volume = CI | pages = 119–150] The ceremony has evolved over the years, generally growing more complex. However, in 1998, the Select Committee on Introductions suggested several reforms, which were generally adopted.
Ceremonial introductions were originally used for all new peers. However, in 1663, the House of Lords decided that peers who inherited a title be not introduced. Since the passage of the House of Lords Act in 1999, however, only the
Duke of Norfolk, as Earl Marshal, and the Lord Great Chamberlain, if a peer, inherit seats in the Lords by inheriting peerages. Thus, at present, all new peers are introduced.
Lords Spiritual (twenty-six clergymen of the Church of England who sit in the House of Lords) are also introduced, though by a different ceremony, upon appointment. Also, if a Lord Spiritual is "translated" (transferred) to another see, he must be reintroduced.
Lords Temporal Ceremony
The ceremony of Introduction used prior to 1998 was much more complicated than the present ceremony. Originally, the
Lord Chancellorin court dress, or a Deputy Speaker in parliamentary robes, would occupy the Woolsack. A procession would be formed outside the Chamber, with the members of the procession standing in the following order:
Gentleman Usher of the Black Rodor his deputy
# The Garter Principal King of Arms or another herald
# The new peer's junior supporter
# The new peer
# The new peer's senior supporter
The supporters were members of the House of Lords of the same rank of peerage as the new peer. (In other words, Dukes would support Dukes, Marquesses would support Marquesses, and so forth.) The new peer and his supporters would wear parliamentary robes and special hats. The procession would proceed towards the Lord Chancellor, and the Garter Principal King of Arms would present the peer's
letters patent, which are issued by the sovereign to create a new peerage, and the new peer would kneel before the Lord Chancellor and present his writ of summons, which is issued by the sovereign to command the peer's attendance in Parliament. A Clerk of the House of Lords would then read aloud the letters patent and the writ. The peer would take the Oath of Allegiance or the Solemn Affirmation, and would sign the Test Roll, at the top of which the same Oath is written.
Thereafter, the Garter Principal King of Arms would "place" the new peer and his supporters by leading them to the Lords bench traditionally occupied by those of the new peer's rank. The peer and supporters would put on their hats, rise, doff their hats, and bow to the Lord Chancellor, and then repeat the previous practice two times. After bowing to the Lord Chancellor for the third time, the peers would, along with the Garter Principal King of Arms and the Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, leave the Chamber, with the new peer shaking hands with the Lord Chancellor as he left.
In 1998, the House of Lords constituted a Committee to modernise the entire ceremony. The Committee found that "Far from being dignified, the practice of kneeling to the Lord Chancellor is particularly awkward because the new peer, wearing robes, simply kneels down on the floor with nothing to lean on for support [We] see no need to retain the act of kneeling before the Lord Chancellor." The Committee also recommended that the reading of the writ of summons, which is of the same form for all peers, be ceased, though the reading of the Letters Patent, which are often unique to the peer, be continued. The Committee further suggested that the wearing of hats and the hat doffing ceremony, which "serves no symbolic purpose", also stop. Finally, it deemed that, since the seating of Lords in order of the degree of peerage was an outdated practice, the Lords instead sitting by party, the practice of placing the new peer stop.
The present ceremony involves the same procession as the former one, but, instead of proceeding to the Woolsack, it stops in front of the Table of the House. A Clerk reads the Letters Patent presented to him by the Garter Principal King of Arms, and administers the Oath of Allegiance or Solemn Affirmation to the new peer. The new peer and his supporters together bow to the Cloth of Estate, which is placed at the end of the House, behind the Queen's Throne and the Woolsack. The procession then proceeds out of the Chamber, the new peer stopping at the Woolsack to shake hands with the Lord Chancellor. Upon returning to the Chamber, the new peer takes any seat he pleases, sitting with his party, or, if neutral, sitting amongst the
Lords Spiritual Ceremony
The ceremony for Lords Spiritual has been significantly simpler, and was not affected by the recommendations of the 1998 Committee. The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod and the Garter Principal King of Arms do not take part. The supporters of the Lords Spiritual are, in all cases, other Lords Spiritual; the new member and the supporters wear their clerical robes. The procession, with the junior supporter in front and the senior supporter behind the new archbishop or bishop, arrives in front of the Table of the House. The new member then submits his writ of summons, which is read by a Clerk. (Archbishops and bishops do not present letters patent.) The Clerk then administers the Oath or Solemn Affirmation. Then, the procession progresses to the Woolsack, where the new archbishop or bishop shakes hands with the Lord Chancellor. Then, instead of leaving the Chamber, the new member and his supporters immediately take seats on the Bishops' Benches. (Archbishops and bishops do not sit with any particular party, though the two Bishops' Benches are on the same side of the Chamber as the seats for members of the Government party.)
* [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/ld/ldcomp/ctso60.htm Companion to the Standing Orders and guide to the Proceedings of the Lords: Appendix L (Introductions)]
* [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/ld199798/ldselect/ldcerint/078/cere01.htm The Report of the Select Committee on Introductions]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/a-z_of_parliament/h-l/82501.stm A - Z of Parliament: Introductions - Lords]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
House of Lords — This article is about the British House of Lords. For other uses, see House of Lords (disambiguation). The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled … Wikipedia
House of Commons of the United Kingdom — Infobox Legislature name = The Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled coa pic = House of Commons logo.png coa pic = session room = House of Commons.jpg house type = Lower House… … Wikipedia
Introduction (British House of Commons) — In the British House of Commons, members of the House elected at a by election must be formally introduced to the House. (Members elected at a general election are not introduced.) The ceremony in the Commons is considerably simpler than those in … Wikipedia
house — n., adj. /hows/; v. /howz/, n., pl. houses /how ziz/, v., housed, housing, adj. n. 1. a building in which people live; residence for human beings. 2. a household. 3. (often cap.) a family, including ancestors and descendants: the great houses of… … Universalium
House — /hows/, n. Edward Mandell /man dl/, ( Colonel House ), 1858 1938, U.S. diplomat. * * * (as used in expressions) House of Building Appomattox Court House Babenberg House of Bourbon House of Burgesses House of Commons House of house cat Guise house … Universalium
House of Councillors — Infobox Legislature name = Japanese House of Councillors 参議院 Sangiin coa pic = coa pic = session room = Japanese diet inside.jpg house type = Upper house leader1 type = President leader1 = Satsuki Eda party1 = DPJ election1 = 2007 election2 = 29… … Wikipedia
Lords of Chaos (group) — For other uses of Lords of Chaos , see Lords of Chaos (disambiguation). Lords of Chaos In Fort Myers, Florida Founded by Kevin Foster, Pete Magnotti, Chris Black Years active April 13, 1996 May 3, 1996 Ethnicity White Membership … Wikipedia
Lords of Chaos (self-styled teen militia) — Infobox Criminal organization name =Lords of Chaos caption = (top left to bottom right) Kevin Foster, Pete Magnotti, Chris Black and Derek Shields founded on =April 13, 1996 founding location =Fort Myers, Florida founded by =Kevin Foster, Pete… … Wikipedia
House of Haleth — In the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, the House of Haleth or the Haladin (pronounced [ˈhalɛθ], [ˈhaladin]) were the family of Men that ruled over the second of the Three Houses of the Edain. They were the descendants of Haldad, but the house and… … Wikipedia
House of Mérode — Coat of arms of the House of Merode. Or four pallets gules, a bordure engrailed azure The princely house of Merode is one of the most important houses of the Belgian nobility. The surname of the family and the name of the House is mostly written… … Wikipedia