Sofia Gubaidulina


Sofia Gubaidulina

ethnicity.

Career

Gubaidulina was born in Chistopol, in the Tatar ASSR. In her youth she would spend much time praying in the fields near her home that she might one day become a composer. She studied composition and piano at the Kazan Conservatory, graduating in 1954. In Moscow she undertook further studies at the Conservatory with Nikolay Peyko until 1959, and then with Shebalin until 1963. Her music was deemed "irresponsible" during her studies in Soviet Russia, due to its exploration of alternative tunings. She was supported, however, by Dmitri Shostakovich, who in evaluating her final examination encouraged her to continue down her "mistaken path". [" [http://theomniscientmussel.com/2008/03/sofia-gubaidulina/ Sofia Gubaidulina: Johnnespassion] ". theomniscientmussel.com. Retrieved on 06 September, 2008.] However, she was allowed to express her modernism in various scores she composed for documentary films, including the 1968 production, "On Submarine Scooters", a 70mm film shot in the unique Kinopanorama widescreen format.

In the mid-1970s Gubaidulina founded Astreja, a folk-instrument improvisation group with fellow composers Viktor Suslin and Vyacheslav Artyomov. In 1979, she was blacklisted as one of the "Khrennikov's Seven" at the Sixth Congress of the Union of Soviet Composers for unapproved participation in some festivals of Soviet music in the West.

Gubaidulina became better known abroad during the early 1980s through Gidon Kremer's championing of her violin concerto "Offertorium". She later composed a homage to T. S. Eliot, using the text from the poet's spiritual masterpiece "Four Quartets". In 2000, Gubaidulina, along with Tan Dun, Osvaldo Golijov, and Wolfgang Rihm, was commissioned by the Internationale Bachakademie Stuttgart project to write a piece for the Passion 2000 project in commemoration of Johann Sebastian Bach. Her contribution was the "Johannes-Passion". In 2002 she followed this by the "Johannes-Ostern" ("Easter according to John"), commissioned by Hannover Rundfunk. The two works together form a "diptych" on the death and resurrection of Christ, her largest work to date. Her work "The Light at the End" preceded Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 in the 2005 proms. In 2007 her second violin concerto "In Tempus Praesens" was performed at the Lucerne Festival by Anne-Sophie Mutter. Its creation has been depicted in Jan Schmidt-Garre's film "Sophia - Biography of a Violin Concerto".

Since 1992 she has lived in Hamburg, Germany. She is a member of the musical academies in Frankfurt, Hamburg and Stockholm.

Music

Gubaidulina's music is marked by the use of unusual instrumental combinations. In "In Erwartung", she combines percussion and saxophone quartet. She has written pieces for Japanese koto and Western orchestra.

Numerical mysticism

In the early 1980s, she began to use the Fibonacci sequence as a way of structuring the form of the work. The sequence was especially appealing because it provides a basis for composition while still allowing the form to "breathe". It plays a prominent role in such pieces as "Perception", "Im Anfang war der Rhythmus", "Quasi hoketus" and the symphony "Stimmen... Verstummen...").

Later the Lucas and Evangelist series, sequences derived from that of Fibonacci, were added to her repertoire.

Awards and recognition

Gubaidulina has received the Prix de Monaco (1987), the Premio Franco Abbiati (1991), the Heidelberger Künstlerinnenpreis (1991), the Russian State Prize (1992), the SpohrPreis (1995), the Praemium Imperiale in Japan (1998), the Sonning Award in Denmark (1999), the Polar Music Prize in Sweden (2002), the Great Distinguished Service Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2002) and the Living Composer Prize of the Cannes Classical Awards in 2003.

In 2004, she was elected as a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Quotations

* "I am a religious person...and by 'religion' I mean re-ligio, the re-tying of a bond...restoring the legato of life. Life divides man into many pieces...There is no weightier occupation than the recomposition of spiritual integrity through the composition of music."

Works

* Quintet for piano, two violins, viola, and violoncello (1957)
* Piano Sonata (1965)
*"Night in Memphis" cantata (1968)
*"Musical Toys" fourteen piano pieces for children (1969)
*"Vivente - Non Vivente" for electronics (1970)
*"Concordanza" for chamber ensemble (1971)
*String Quartet No. 1 (1971)
*"Ten Preludes" for solo cello (1974)
*"Rumore e silenzio" for percussion and harpsichord (1974)
*"Hour of the Soul" poem by Marina Tsvetaeva for large wind orchestra and mezzo-soprano/contralto (1974), for percussion, mezzo-soprano, and large orchestra (1976)
*Sonata for double bass and piano (1975)
*Concerto for bassoon and low strings (1975)
*"Hell und Dunkel" for organ (1976)
*"Two Ballads" for two trumpets and piano (1976)
*Trio for three trumpets (1976)
*"Lied ohne Worte" for trumpet and piano (1977)
*Duo sonata for two bassoons (1977)
*"Lamento" for tuba and piano (1977)
*"Misterioso" for 7 percussionists (1977)
*"Introitus" concerto for piano and chamber orchestra (1978)
*"In Croce" for cello and organ (1979), for bayan and cello (1991)
*"Jubilatio" for 4 percussionists (1979)
*"Offertorium (Жертвоприношение)" concerto for violin and orchestra (1980, rev. 1982, 1986)
*"Garten von Freuden und Traurigkeiten" for flute, viola, harp and narrator (1980)
*"Perception" for soprano, baritone (speaking voices) and 7 string instruments (1981, rev. 1983, 1986)
*"Descensio" for 3 trombones, 3 percussionists, harp, harpsichord and piano (1981)
*"Sieben Worte" for cello, bayan, and strings (1982)
*"Quasi hoquetus" for viola, bassoon, and piano (1984)
*"Hommage à T.S. Eliot"
*"Hommage à Marina Tsvetayeva" for a capella choir
*"Stimmen... Verstummen..." symphony in twelve movements (1986)
*"Rejoice!" (Sonata for violin and cello)
*String Trio (1988)
*"Jauchzt vor Gott" for mixed choir and organ (1989)
*"The Unasked Answer (Antwort ohne Frage)" collage for three orchestras (1989)
*"Alleluja" for mixed chorus, boy soprano, organ and large orchestra (1990)
*"Hörst Du uns, Luigi? Schau mal, welchen Tanz eine einfache Holzrassel für Dich vollführt (Слышишь ты нас, Луиджи? Вот танец, который танцует для тебя обыкновенная деревянная трещотка)" for six percussionists (1991)
*"Aus dem Studenbuch" on a text of Rainer Maria Rilke for cello, orchestra, male choir, and a woman speaker (1991)
*"Gerade und ungerade (Чет и нечет)" for seven percussionists, including cymbalom (1991)
*"Silenzio" for bayan, violin, and cello (1991)
*"Lauda" for alto, tenor, baritone, narrator, mixed choir, and large orchestra (1991)
*"Stufen" for orchestra (1992)
*"Tartarische Tanz" for bayan and two contrabass (1992)
*"Dancer on a Tightrope (Der Seiltänzer)" for violin and string piano (1993)
*"Jetzt immer Schnee (Теперь всегда снега)" on verses of Gennadi Aigi for chamber ensemble and chamber choir (1993)
*"Meditation über den Bach-Choral "Vor deinen Thron tret' ich hiermit" for cymbalom, two violins, viola, cello, and contrabass (1993)
*"Рано утром перед пробуждением" for three 17-string Japanese bass kotos and four 13-string Japanese kotos (1993)
*"Allegro Rustico: Klänge des Waldes" for flute and piano (1993)
*"And: The Feast is in Full Procession (И: Празднество в разгаре)" for viola and orchestra (1993)
*String Quartet No. 4 with tape (1993)
*"In Erwartung (В ожидании)" for saxophone quartet and six percussionists (1994)
*"Ein Engel" for alto and double bass (1994)
*"Figures of Time (Фигуры времени)" for large orchestra (1994)
*"Aus der Visionen der Hildegard von Bingen" for alto (1994)
*"Music for Flute, Strings, and Percussion" (1994)
*"Impromptu" for flute (flute and alto flute), violin, and strings (1996)
*"Quaternion" for cello quartet (1996)
*"Galgenlieder à 3" fifteen pieces for mezzo-soprano, percussion, and contrabass (1996)
*"Galgenlieder à 5" fourteen pieces for mezzo-soprano, flute, percussion, bayan, and contrabass (1996)
*Concerto for viola and orchestra (1996)
*"Ritorno perpetuo" for cymbalom (1997)
*"The Canticle of the Sun of St Francis of Assisi" for cello, chamber choir, and orchestra (1997)
*"Im Schatten des Baumes (В тени под деревом)" for koto, bass koto, zheng, and orchestra (1998)
*"Two Paths: A Dedication to Mary and Martha" for two viola solo and orchestra (1998)
*"Johannes-Passion" for soprano, tenor, baritone, bass, two mixed choirs, organ, and large orchestra (2000)
*"Risonanza" for three trumpets, four trombones, organ, and six strings (2001)
*"Johannes-Ostern" for soprano, tenor, baritone, bass, two mixed choirs, organ, and large orchestra (2001)
*"The Rider on the White Horse" for large orchestra and organ (2002)
*"Reflections on the theme B-A-C-H" for string quartet (2002)
*"Mirage: The Dancing Sun" for eight violoncelli (2002)
*"On the Edge of Abyss" for seven violoncelli and two waterphones (2002)
*"The Light of the End (Свет конца)" for large orchestra (2003)
*"Under the Sign of Scorpio" variants on six hexachords for bayan and large orchestra (2003)
*"Verwandlung (Transformation)" for trombone, saxophone quartet, violoncello, double bass, and tam-tam (2004)
*"...The Deceitful Face of Hope and Despair" for flute and orchestra (2005)
*"Feast During a Plague" for large orchestra (2006)
*"The Lyre of Orpheus" for violin, percussion, and strings (2006)
*"In Tempus Praesens" concerto for violin and orchestra (2007)

Discography

*"The Canticle of the Sun" (1997) and "Music for Flute, Strings, and Percussion" (1994). The first performed by cellist and conductor Mstislav Rostropovich and London Voices conducted by Ryusuke Numajiri, the second by flutist Emmanuel Pahud and the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Rostropovich. Gubaidulina attended the recording of both pieces.
*"St. John Passion" (2000). Performed by Natalia Korneva, Soprano; Viktor Lutsiuk, Tenor; Fedor Mozhaev, Baritone; Genady Bezzubenkov, Bass; St. Petersburg Chamber Choir (dir. Nikolai Kornev); Choir of the Mariinsky Theatre St. Petersburg (dir. Andrei Petrenko); Orchestra of the Mariinsky Theatre St. Petersburg conducted by Valery Gergiev. World premiere recorded live at the European Music Festival in Stuttgart, 01.09.2000.

References

External links

* [http://www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/gubaidulina.html Classical.net: Sofia Gubaidulina]
* [http://www.schirmer.com/composers/gubaidulina_bio.html Schirmer: Sofia Gubaidulina]
* [http://web.ukonline.co.uk/fay.neary/gubaidulina/ Structural Symbolism in the Music of Sofia Gubaidulina] Fay Neary

Persondata
NAME = Gubaidulina, Sofia Asgatovna
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Губайдулина, София Асгатовна; София Әсгать кызы Гобәйдуллина
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Russian composer
DATE OF BIRTH = October 24, 1931
PLACE OF BIRTH = Chistopol, Tatar SSR
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =


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  • Sofia Gubaidulina — Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofia Gubaidulina — SOFIA ASGATOVNA GUBAIDULINA София Асгатовна Губайдулина …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sofia Gubaidulina — Sofia Goubaïdoulina Sofia Goubaïdoulina Naissance 24 octobre 1931 Tchistopol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gubaidulina — Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofia Gubajdulina — Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina — Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofia Ğöbäydullina — Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofia Asgatowna Gubaidulina — (russisch София Асгатовна Губайдулина, wiss. Transliteration Sofija Asgatovna Gubajdulina, tatarisch Sofia Äsğät qızı Ğöbäydullina; * 24. Oktober 1931 in Tschistopol, Tatarische Autonome Sowjetrepublik) ist eine russische Komponistin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sofía (nombre) — Sofía inteligente y amigable Origen Griego Género Femenino Santoral 30 de septiembre Significado Aquell …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sofia Goubaidoulina — Sofia Goubaïdoulina Sofia Goubaïdoulina Naissance 24 octobre 1931 Tchistopol …   Wikipédia en Français


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