- Per Lindstrand
Per Lindstrand (born September 8, 1948) is a Swedish aeronautical engineer, pilot and adventurer. He is particularly known for his series of record-breaking trans-oceanic hot air balloon flights and, later, attempts to be the first to fly a Rozière balloon around the Earth - all with British entrepreneur, Sir Richard Branson.
Lindstrand not only flies balloons, but many other aircraft as well, and holds an airline transport pilot's licence for single and multi-engined land and sea aeroplanes and helicopters, and a commercial pilot's licence for auto-gyros, airships and gliders. His long standing dream to make a flight around the world in a hot air balloon (as opposed to a Rozière or gas balloon which requires no constant source of heated air) still remains unrealized. His distance, duration and altitude records have made him one of the best known balloonists and aerostat designers and engineers in the world.
Lindstrand's aeronautical career began in the Swedish Air Force where he was an Engineering Officer. His first balloon flight in the early 1970s was the result of a bet. He built a makeshift balloon and successfully flew it across the runway while in the Swedish Air Force to claim victory. (When he flew more conventional military aircraft, he chose to use call sign, "Polar Per".)
Lindstrand later gained a masters degree in aeronautical engineering and worked for Saab Aircraft in Sweden and Lockheed in the United States. He saw his second hot air balloon in 1975 when a neighbour in Sweden purchased it from a British company. When Lindstrand learned that this new balloon was supposed to be "state-of-the-art", he decided that he could do better.
With Swedish aircraft engineer and entrepreneur, Håkan Colting, he formed Colting Balloons which operated in Ireland from 1976. In 1978 the company moved to Oswestry, England, to be closer to major markets in the UK and Europe. When Håkan Colting moved to Canada, Lindstrand continued to run the renamed Colt Balloons (later Thunder & Colt Balloons after acquiring UK-based Thunder Balloons).
In December 1991 Lindstrand founded Lindstrand Balloons Ltd. Lindstrand Balloons, and later created a specialized aerospace company, Lindstrand Technologies Ltd. (both based in Oswestry) manufacture and repair aerostats, airships, gas balloons, passenger-carrying tethered aerostats and other fabric engineering products (including architectural structures, innovative fire-safety devices for road tunnels and inflatable flood defence barriers). In 2002, Lindstrand Balloons was asked to manufacture the complex parachute for the Mars-lander, Beagle 2. Beagle 2 was launched in June 2003 but unfortunately failed to land successfully on the Planet Mars on Christmas Day 2003.
Lindstrand Balloons, in partnership with Daimler Chrysler Aerospace of Germany, was awarded a design contract by the European Space Agency to develop a high altitude long endurance airship for possible use in the telecommunications market. Resulting from this, Lindstrand was awarded the German-based "Korber Prize" for engineering excellence.
From early in his business career, Lindstrand's main interest and ambition lay in pushing the boundaries of lighter-than-air technology and he subsequently captured every absolute world record for hot air balloon flight. He is particularly known for the Atlantic crossing with Sir Richard Branson in July 1987, smashing the existing distance record of 900 miles when they flew 3075 miles in the largest hot air balloon ever built. At 60,513 m³ (2,137,000 ft³) volume, it was taller than the Statue of Liberty and could comfortably contain a 747 Jumbo Jet without the wings or fuselage touching the balloon envelope. Designed and built by Lindstrand's company, it was the first hot air balloon to fly in the jetstreams (high speed upper winds, often used by long-haul commercial aircraft to save fuel). There were real fears that the balloon envelope could be ripped apart by shear stresses as the giant balloon entered the higher speed winds of the jetstream. In the event, this did not occur and the balloon reached record ground speeds in excess of 130 mph (209 km/h).
In January 1991, in the "Virgin Pacific Flyer" (a hot air balloon measuring 74,000 m³ (2,600,000 ft³), designed and built by Thunder & Colt), Lindstrand and Branson completed the longest flight in lighter-than-air history when they flew 6761 miles from Japan to Northern Canada. Their flight set two new world records for distance and duration and they broke their own ground speed record, recording 245 mph (394 km/h). The "Virgin Pacific Flyer" still remains the largest hot air balloon ever built.
In an attempt to be the first to fly a balloon of any type around the world, in December 1998, Lindstrand, partnered by Richard Branson and Steve Fossett, flew for 7 days and covered over 20,000 km in a Rozière balloon, launching from Morocco and landing in the Pacific Ocean near to rescue services in Hawaii.