- Operation Terminal
Operation Terminal Part of World War II, Operation Torch
Allied troops hit the beaches near Algiers, behind a large American flag (left).
Date 8 November 1942 Location Morocco and Algeria Result Allied tactical defeat Belligerents United States
Vichy France Commanders and leaders Col. E Swenson
Capt. H St.J Fancourt
? Strength 2 destroyers
? Casualties and losses 1 destroyer sunk
Operation Terminal was an Allied operation during World War II. Part of Operation Torch (the Allied invasion of West Africa, 8 November 1942) it involved a direct landing of infantry into the Vichy French port of Algiers with the intention of capturing the port facilities before they could be destroyed.
The attacking forces were two Royal Navy destroyers, HMS Malcolm and HMS Broke (commanded by Henry Fancourt) carrying 600 troops of the 3d Battalion, 135th Infantry, (commanded by Colonel Edwin Swenson), part of the US 34th Infantry Division. The plan was to land the troops directly into the port. It was hoped that either complete surprise would be achieved or that the defenders would support the invasion to the extent at least of refusing to fire on the attackers. However the Vichy forces opened fire on the ships, damaging them heavily.
At 4 am on the morning of 8 November 1942 Malcolm and Broke approached Algiers Harbour. They were regarded as hostile by the defending Vichy troops, who opened fire at 4.06 am. Malcolm tried to break through the boom but was hit and severely damaged by a shell fired from the shore. Ten of her crew were dead, many more were injured and three of her four boilers were extinguished, cutting her speed to 4 knots. She was forced to retreat and played no further part in the operation. Initially, Broke had better luck. On her third attempt, she sliced through the boom and deposited her troops under fire on the Quai de Fécamp, and then retreated. This was four hours after the operation had started. Broke's luck ran out as she withdrew; she was hit by shore batteries which compounded on earlier damage and after being taken in tow, she sank on 10 November.
The landed infantry were surrounded and forced to surrender seven hours later. However they succeeded in preventing the destruction of the port before the defenders in turn surrendered to the larger invading forces.
A similar operation was carried out at Oran (Operation Reservist), but with even less success; however the Torch landings as a whole were successful, the Terminal and Reservist segments being the only setbacks in the entire operation.
- ^ Roskill p325
- Stephen Roskill The War at Sea Vol II (1956) ISBN (none)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Operation Torch — Part of the North African Campaign Allied troops hit the beaches near Algiers, behind a large American … Wikipedia
Operation Reservist — was an Allied military operation during World War II. Part of Operation Torch (the Allied invasion of North Africa), it was an attempted landing of troops directly into the harbour at Oran. The purpose of Operation Reservist was to capture the … Wikipedia
terminal operations — The reception, processing, and staging of passengers; the receipt, transit, storage, and marshalling of cargo; the loading and unloading of modes of transport conveyances; and the manifesting and forwarding of cargo and passengers to destination … Military dictionary
Operation Entebbe — Part of Arab Israeli conflict The old terminal building of the Enteb … Wikipedia
Operation Morvarid — Part of Iran Iraq War Date 28 November 1980 29 November 1980 Location … Wikipedia
Operation Pluto — was also the codename for the Bay of Pigs Invasion. PLUTO redirects here. For other uses, see Pluto (disambiguation). Pipeline Under The Ocean redirects here. For the 2005 rock album, see Pipeline Under the Ocean (album) … Wikipedia
Opération Dinner Out — Informations générales Date 14 23 mars 2009 Lieu Vallée d Alasaï, province de la Kapisa Issue Victoire de la coalition … Wikipédia en Français
Operation Earnest Will — Part of the Iran–Iraq War Mess Management Specialist 2nd Class Williams Hendrickson scans for mines from the bo … Wikipedia
Operation Frequent Wind — Part of the Fall of Saigon, Vietnam War … Wikipedia
Operation Black Thunderstorm — Part of the War in North West Pakistan April 26, 2009–June 14, 2009 [1 … Wikipedia