Bladdernut


Bladdernut

Taxobox
name = "Staphylea"



image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Staphylea colchica"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Crossosomatales
familia = Staphyleaceae
genus = "Staphylea"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text

"Staphylea" (Bladdernut) is a small genus of 10 or 11 species of flowering plants in the family Staphyleaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The highest species diversity is in China, where four species occur.

They are large shrubs, occasionally small trees, growing to 2-5 m tall. The leaves are deciduous, arranged in opposite pairs, and pinnate, usually with three leaflets, but 3-7 in "S. pinnata" and 3-5 in "S. colchica". The flowers are produced in drooping terminal panicles 5-10 cm long, with 5-15 flowers on each panicle; the individual flowers are about 1 cm long, with the five sepals and petals similar in size and in their white or pale pink colour. The fruit is an inflated papery two- or three-lobed capsule 3-10 cm long, containing a few small nut-like seeds.

;Species
*"Staphylea bolanderi" (Sierra Bladdernut). Western North America.
*"Staphylea bumalda" (Japanese Bladdernut). Eastern Asia.
*"Staphylea colchica" (Colchis Bladdernut). Southwestern Asia.
*"Staphylea emodi" (Himalayan Bladdernut). Himalaya.
*"Staphylea forrestii". China.
*"Staphylea holocarpa". China.
*"Staphylea pinnata" (European Bladdernut). Europe.
*"Staphylea pringlei". Mexico.
*"Staphylea shweliensis". China.
*"Staphylea trifolia" (American Bladdernut). Eastern North America.

Some botanists include the closely related genus "Turpinia" in "Staphylea".

Cultivation and uses

Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their flowers and peculiar bladder-like fruit. The popular "Staphylea × elegans" is a hybrid of unknown origin, probably between "S. colchica" and "S. pinnata".

External links

* [http://www.efloras.org/browse.aspx?flora_id=0&name_str=Staphylea&btnSearch=Search EFloras: search results for "Staphylea"]
* [http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Staphylea&SPECIES_XREF=&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK= Flora Europaea: "Staphylea"]
* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=STAPH USDA Plant Profile: "Staphylea"]
* [http://www.desert-tropicals.com/Plants/Staphyleaceae/Staphylea.html "Staphylea"] - at desert-tropicals.com
* [http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/sttr.htm "Staphylea trifolia" images at bioimages.vanderbilt.edu]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bladdernut — [blad′ərnut΄] n. 1. any of a genus (Staphylea) of shrubs or small trees of the bladdernut family, with fruit that has inflated pods 2. one of these pods adj. designating or of a family (Staphyleaceae, order Sapindales) of dicotyledonous shrubs or …   English World dictionary

  • bladdernut — noun Date: 1578 any of a genus (Staphylea of the family Staphyleaceae, the bladdernut family) of ornamental shrubs or small trees with panicles of small white flowers followed by inflated capsules; also one of the capsules …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • bladdernut — /blad euhr nut /, n. 1. the bladderlike fruit capsule of any shrub or small tree of the genus Staphylea, as S. trifolia, of the eastern U.S. 2. the shrub itself. [BLADDER + NUT] * * * ▪ plant  any shrub or small tree of the genus Staphylea of the …   Universalium

  • bladdernut — ˈ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷ˌ ̷ ̷ noun 1. : a shrub or small tree of the genus Staphylea 2. : the bladderlike seed pod of any bladdernut shrub or tree …   Useful english dictionary

  • bladdernut — noun any of several species of large shrubs or small trees, of the genus Staphylea, in the family Staphyleaceae …   Wiktionary

  • bladdernut — blad•der•nut [[t]ˈblæd ərˌnʌt[/t]] n. 1) pln the fruit capsule of a shrub or small tree of the genus Staphylea 2) pln the shrub or tree itself • Etymology: 1575–85 …   From formal English to slang

  • bladdernut family — noun a family of dicotyledonous plants of order Sapindales found mostly in the north temperate zone • Syn: ↑Staphylaceae, ↑family Staphylaceae • Hypernyms: ↑dicot family, ↑magnoliopsid family • Member Holonyms: ↑Sapindales, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • african bladdernut — noun Usage: usually capitalized A : a small evergreen tree (Royena lucida) of southern Africa with downy shoots, solitary pale yellow or white flowers, and small somewhat fleshy red or purple fruits …   Useful english dictionary

  • american bladdernut — noun Usage: usually capitalized A : a shrub or small tree (Staphylea trifolia) of eastern No. America with trifoliolate leaves, drooping clusters of white flowers, and a bladdery capsule …   Useful english dictionary

  • chinese bladdernut — noun Usage: usually capitalized C : goldenrain tree …   Useful english dictionary