- Hamilton Fish
Hamilton Fish (disambiguation)for others with the same name"Infobox US Cabinet official
United States Secretary of State
March 17, 1869
March 12, 1877
Elihu B. Washburne
William M. Evarts
office2=Governor of New York
January 1, 1849
December 31, 1850
George Washington Patterson
New York City, New York, U.S.
death_date=death date and age|1893|09|07|1808|08|03
Garrison, New York, U.S.
spouse=Julia Kean Fish
Hamilton Fish (
August 3, 1808ndash September 7, 1893), born in New York City, was an American statesman who served as Governor of New York, United States Senatorand United States Secretary of State.
Fish was born at what is now known as the
Stuyvesant-Fish Housein Greenwich Village, New York City, to Nicholas Fishand Elizabeth Stuyvesant (a great-great-granddaughter of New Amsterdam's Peter Stuyvesant), and his parents named him after their friend Alexander Hamilton. Nicholas Fish (1758-1833) was a leading Federalistpolitician and notable figure of the American Revolutionary War. Hamilton Fish married Julia Kean (a descendant of a New Yorker who was a New Jersey governor, William Livingston) in 1836. They would have three sons and five daughters, and multiple notable relatives.
Hamilton graduated from Columbia College in 1827 and was admitted to the New York bar in 1830, practicing briefly with
William Beach Lawrence. He served as commissioner of deeds for the city and county of New York from 1832 through 1833, and was an unsuccessful candidate for New York State Assemblyin 1834.
As a member of the Whig party, Fish was elected to the House of Representatives, defeating Democrat
John McKeonand serving in the 28th Congressfrom New York's 6th District between 1843 and 1845. After losing his bid for re-election, he returned to private practice as a lawyer. He was the Whig candidate for lieutenant governor of New Yorkin 1846, but was defeated by Democrat Addison Gardinerwho had been endorsed by the Anti-Rent Party. In 1847, however, after Gardiner was elected a judge of the New York Court of Appeals, Fish was elected (November 1847) to complete the term (until December 31, 1848).
He was elected
Governor of New Yorkin 1848, defeating John A. Dix and Reuben H. Walworth, and served from January 1, 1849 through December 31, 1850.
He was elected to the
United States Senatedefeating the incumbent Daniel S. Dickinson, and began serving on March 4, 1851. There he was a member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relationsuntil the end of his term on 3 March 1857. He was a Republican for the latter part of his term and was part of a moderately anti-slavery faction. He opposed the repealof the Missouri Compromise. At the expiration of his term, he traveled with his family to Europeand remained there until shortly before the opening of the American Civil War, when he returned to begin actively campaigning for the election of Abraham Lincoln.
In 1861 and 1862 he was associated with
John A. Dix, William M. Evarts, William E. Dodge, A.T. Stewart, John Jacob Astorand other New York men on the Union Defence Committee, which (from April 22, 1861to April 30, 1862) cooperated with the New York City government in the raising and equipping troops, and disbursed more than $1 million for the relief of New York volunteers and their families.
He was also appointed in 1862 to serve with
Edward Raymond Amesto visit the Union Armyprisoners being held in the Confederate States of Americacapital in Richmond, Virginia. The Confederate government, however, refused to allow the commission to enter the city.
ecretary of State
He conducted the negotiations with
Great Britainwhich resulted in the Treaty of Washington of 1871, under which the Alabama claimsand the San Juan Boundary Dispute(concerning the Oregonboundary line) were referred to arbitration. He also negotiated the reciprocity treaty of 1875 with the Kingdom of Hawaii.
In 1871 Fish presided at the peace conference at Washington between
Spainand the allied republics of Peru, Chile, Ecuadorand Bolivia, which resulted in a general trucebetween those countries.
It was chiefly due to his restraint and moderation that a satisfactory settlement of the
Virginius Affairwas reached by the United Statesand Spainin 1873.
Within the Department of State, he promoted testing job applicants to see if they were truly qualified for duty at a
After leaving the Cabinet, he returned to the law and managing his real estate in New York City.
He died at Glen Clyffe, his estate near
Garrison, New York, in Putnam County, New York, in the Hudson River Valley, and is buried in Garrison at St. Philip's Church-in-the-Highlands Cemetery.
* Vice-president general of the
Society of the Cincinnatifrom 1848 to 1854, president general from 1854 until his death
* Appointed by
U.S. President Abraham Lincolnas one of the board of commissioners for the relief and exchange of Union prisoners of warin the South
* President of the
New York Historical Societyfrom 1867-1869
* Served as a trustee of
Columbia Universityfor 53 years (1840–1849, 1851–1893), and as chairman of the board of trustees from 1859 until his death in 1893
* Served as president of the Union League Club from 1879 to 1881.
* Acted as a trustee of both the
Lenox Libraryand the Astor Library, which were later shaped into the New York Public Library
Fish had many notable ancestors and descendants.
* Through his ancestor Gilbert Livingston (b. 1690) he was a second cousin four times removed of US Senator
Prescott Bushand his son George H. W. Bushand grandson George W. Bush, both US Presidents.
* He had a son, a grandson and a great-grandson (all named Hamilton Fish) serve in the
U.S. House of Representativesfor New York:
Hamilton Fish II(1849–1936)
Hamilton Fish III(1888–1991)
Hamilton Fish IV(1926–1996)
* His great-great grandson
Hamilton Fish Vran for Congress in 1988 and 1994 (to succeed his retiring father) but lost. With other investors, Hamilton Fish V purchased " The Nation" out of bankruptcyin 1977, and sold it in 1995, but remains connected to the foundation. He is also an adviser to George Soros.
* Another son
Stuyvesant Fishwas an important railroad executive
* Another son,
Nicholas Fish, was a U.S. diplomat, who was appointed second secretary of legation at Berlinin 1871, became secretary in 1874, and was chargé d'affaires at Berne in 1877-1881, and minister to Belgiumin 1882-1886, after which he engaged in banking in New York City.
* Nicholas's son Hamilton Fish, an 1895 graduate of
Columbia College of Columbia University, saw service in The Spanish-American Waras one of the storied Rough Riders. He was the first member of that regiment to be killed in action, at Las Guasimas, Cuba.
Stuyvesant Fish Morris, physician from New York
Hamilton F. Kean, US Senator from New Jersey
Thomas Kean, Governor of New Jersey
Newburgh-Beacon Bridgeon I-84 across the Hudson riveris named after him.
* The park on the corners of Pitt St. and E. Houston St. in New York City is named after him.
*"Who Was Who in America: Historical Edition, 1607-1896." Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1967.
*Nevins, Allan, "Hamilton Fish: The Inner History of the Grant Administration" (Dodd) 1936. (1937
Pulitzer Prizewinner in biography/autobiography category)
* [http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h214.html U-S-History.com: Article]
* [http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAfishH.htm Biography from Spartacus Educational]
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/state/his/bk12/ch7/pt5.html "The History of New York State", Book XII, Chapter 7, Part 5 (Editor, Dr. James Sullivan; Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hamilton Fish — Secretario de Estado de los Estados Unidos 17 de marzo de 1869 – 12 de marzo de 1877 … Wikipedia Español
Hamilton Fish — (* 3. August 1808 in New York City; † 7. September 1893 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Biografie Fish studierte am Columbia College (heute Columbia University) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish — Mandats 26e Secrétaire d État des États Unis … Wikipédia en Français
Hamilton Fish II — (* 17. April 1849 in Albany, New York; † 15. Januar 1936 in Aiken, South Carolina) war ein US amerikanischer Anwalt und Politiker (Republikanische Partei). Leben Er war der Sohn von Julia Ursin Niemcewicz Kean und Hamilton Fish, dem Außenminister … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish II — (April 17, 1849 Albany, Albany County, New York January 15, 1936) was an American lawyer and politician. LifeHe was the son of Julia Ursin Niemcewicz Kean and Hamilton Fish. He graduated from Columbia College, where he was a member of St. Anthony … Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish IV — See Hamilton Fish (disambiguation) for others with the same name Hamilton Fish, Jr. (or Hamilton Fish IV) (June 3 1926 – July 23, 1996) was a Republican politician best known as a member of the U.S. Congressional Delegation from New York.Fish was … Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish V — See Hamilton Fish (disambiguation) for others with the same name Hamilton Fish V (also known as Hamilton Fish, Jr.; born ca. 1952) is an American publisher, politician, and philanthropist. He has been known under varying numerals because several… … Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish III — Hamilton Stuyvesant Fish, auch Hamilton Fish III (* 7. Dezember 1888 in Garisson, Putnam County, New York; † 18. Januar 1991) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Von 1920 bis 1945 war er Abgeordneter im US Repräsentantenhaus und G … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish (Begriffsklärung) — Hamilton Fish ist der Name mehrerer Personen, zum einen der Politikerfamilie: Hamilton Fish (1808–1893), amerikanischer Politiker; Außenminister der Vereinigten Staaten Hamilton Fish II (1848–1936), amerikanischer Politiker; Kongressabgeordneter… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hamilton Fish II (Rough Rider) — Hamilton Fish II, of the Rough Riders, a wealthy young New Yorker, was a Sergeant in the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, the Rough Riders, during the Spanish American War. He is said to be the first American killed in the battle of… … Wikipedia